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The Learning Conference 2003

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Session Descriptions

Dr Robin Wright Fromherz (United States) Linda Tamura (United States)
Enhancing Teacher Perspectives: Technology in Elementary Schools - Virtual Presentation
How does technology fit in your teaching world? Assess your use of technology related to the Bledsoe Taxonomy and identify goals for professional development. Highly interactive session includes intriguing classroom strategies and handouts .

Assoc. Prof. Dr Norhayati Abdul Mukti (Malaysia) Siew Pie Hwa (Malaysia)
Learning Moral Values Through Malay Literature Multimedia Package: CITRA - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper highlights the learning and teaching of moral values or moral education through Malay Literature or Malay Oral narratives Multimedia package.

Mary Michel Abdoney (United States)
Approaches to Information Literacy: Accomodating Student Cultures in Institutions of Higher Education - Virtual Presentation
Creating information literate students has become one of the most important goals in higher education. Librarians have embraced this initiative and developed new approaches to teaching students how to seek out and evaluate information and become independent library users. These approaches do not work on every campus, and information literacy advocates become frustrated with the challenges of convincing Internet proficient students of the desirability of library resources. This paper will explore approaches to information literacy programs and how to assess student needs. It will further examine the current value of traditional reference service and how information literacy initiatives have changed attitudes toward reference service.

Sheela Abraham (Malaysia)
The Relationship between Parental Involvement and Gender - 30 min Conference Paper
The aim of this paper is to ascertain if there exists a difference in the level and nature of parental involvement for boys and girls respectively.

Kamariah Abu Bakar (Malaysia)
Students' Perceptions of Online Learning - Virtual Presentation
This research examines university students' perceptions of their computer knowledge and skills, level and adequacy of support, quality of online materials provided, level of readiness and attitudes towards online learning.

Kaseh Abu Bakar (Malaysia)
Defining and Assessing Learning in the Foreign Language Context - 30 min Conference Paper
A thorough understanding of what learning means in the foreign language context is of paramount importance to both program developers and teachers alike because it provides a clear direction for a sound curricular development and an effective implementation of the curricular.

Steve Acklam (United Kingdom)
Why School Governance is Good for you and your Organisation: The Developmental Benefits Available to Individuals and Organisations through Involvement in School Governance - 30 min Conference Paper
Being a school governor offers a unique opportunity to enhance and develop work and life skills while helping children and their communities.

Christian Medeiros Adriano (Brazil) Matthias Rudolf Brust (Germany)
Proposing an Epistemology for Evaluation in Designing Computer-based Learning Systems - Virtual Presentation
Our main question is whether it is possible to gather and study aspects involved in evaluation, in a general way, so that an ample and clean basis of study can be obtained by selecting, combining or discarding aspects.

Dr. Teresa Aguado Odina (Spain)
INTER: A Practical Guide to Implement Intercultural Education - Virtual Presentation
This paper presents the INTER project, which purports to contribute to improve quality of education from an intercultural approach.

Rohani Ahmad Tarmizi (Malaysia)
Unraveling Learning Strategies in Mathematics Among University Mathematics Major: A Cognitive Perspective - 30 min Conference Paper
Investigation into relationship between cognitive strategy in mathematics learning and learning styles (GEFT) with performance. Deep cogntive strategy and independent learning strategies were associated with high performance in mathematics.

Roslee Ahmad Ahmad (Malaysia)
Integrating Contextual Factors into Counsellor Training and Practise in Malaysia - 30 min Conference Paper
It is important for Malaysian counsellors to adapt their approaches to accommodate the daily context of multiethnicity and religious diversity of students, issues of teacher collaboration and parent involvement, and service delivery conditions. The failure of counseling approaches to respond to these context may result in client termination, ineffective counselling sessions and the increasing unpopularity or irrelevance of counselling services from the viewpoint of students, teachers, parents and the school community. (Sue & Sue, 1990) Issues that arise from these considerations include the question of how adequately school counsellors are trained to anticipate and respond to these contextual factors, and to what extent they are able to adapt their training models to meet these challenges in daily practice. In this paper, the authors will discussed the part of the finding about integrating contextual factors into counsellor training and practise in Malaysia.

Najma Ismat Ahsan (Pakistan) Rabia Enam (Pakistan)
Enhancement in E-Learning by Using Mobile Ad Hoc Networks - Virtual Presentation
Mobile ad hoc network is the collection of mobile, wireless nodes, which cooperatively forms a network with out any infrastructure and its services can be used to enhance e-learnig program.

E. Nola Aitken (Canada)
A Comparison of Math Understanding of Preservice Teachers from Alberta and Western Australia: Implications for Preservice and Professional Teacher Math Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Alberta and Western Australia Preservice Teachers’ math problem-solving responses are compared, with significant results that have implications for Teacher Education.

Dr. Ella A Akkerman (Israel)
The Virtual Classroom Technology for Post-Degree Engineering Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This article presents results of our project intended for adoption of the Virtual Classroom technology into the practice of interdisciplinary courses for post-degree engineering education. The formation of courses was done using HighLearn (HL) software from Britannica Knowledge System Ltd.

Saidatul Akmar Zainalabidin (Malaysia) Laura Christ Dass (Malaysia)
Subject preference : A factor that influences test performance. - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is the third part of a study which attempts to discover the factors that affect students’ performance on exams.

Ashinida Aladdin (Malaysia) Afendi Hamat Mohd. Shabri Yusof
The Use of CALL in Learning Arabic as a Foreign Language in Malaysia - 30 min Conference Paper
This research of using CALL in learning Arabic language as a foreign language in Malaysia aims to gauge the scope of use of computers in learning of Arabic in the schools surveyed. The study also collected feedback from Arabic language learners on their perception, level of readiness and understanding of their roles in the use of CALL in learning Arabic.

Associate Professor, Dr. Nancy Albrecht (United States)
University Faculty Collaboration: A Transformational Model for Professional Development - 30 min Conference Paper
This exploratory case study examined formal collaboration as a means of effective development for college of education faculty.

Dr Katrina Alford (Australia)
Denying Aboriginal Identity in Education in South-East Australia: Failure of the Assimilation Model - 30 min Conference Paper
Notwithstanding the assumption that Australian Aborigines fare poorly on social indicators such as physical health and educational attainments because most live in remote communities, there does not seem to be any significant differences in these outcomes across a range of rural, remote and metropolitan locations.

Dawn Allen (Canada)
(Re)constructing Newcomers: Linguistic, Spatial and Relational Distributions of the Self - 30 min Conference Paper
Distributed cognition, language learning and identity construction amongst adolescent newcomers to Quebec.

J Amatangelo (United States) Cheryl Roitsch (United States)
Learning Hand-In-Hand: Working to Dispel Discrimination Through A Multifaceted Effort, An Interdependent Responsibility Resulting in the Discovery of Each Child's Potential - 60 min Workshop
The research results of a pilot study will be presented indicating key components in the changing roles of the education of teachers as they learn to contribute to the successful development of more inclusive educational settings becoming invested in the process to overcome the pressures to exclude.

Panagiotes Anastasiades (Greece)
Building up a Hybrid Learning Environment: A Pilot Methodology for Teaching the Course 'Distance Learning' at the University of Crete - Virtual Presentation
The educational process is presented as the most important tool in the context of transformation towards the Information Society.

Laura Ancilli (Australia) Laura Bregu Hougaz (Australia)
Out-of-country experiences in the International Business curriculum: a case for the successful integration of languages. - Virtual Presentation
The present paper will outline the latest development within Swinburne University’s (Melbourne, Australia) business/language program: a summer study abroad program during which 40 students have had the opportunity to undertake the study of their subjects in Treviso, Italy over a period of four weeks with their own lecturers, fully immersed in the Italian speaking community of one of the richest and most industrially dynamic cities in Italy and Europe. The results of the program conducted last year, which was closely monitored, will be presented in the paper.

Dennis Anderson (United States) Susan Feather (United States) Christelle Scharff (United States)
Enhancing Academic Achievement: Facilitating E-Portfolio Development - 60 min Workshop
Workshop describing an E-portfolio development model to enhance academic achievement involving group activities to tailor the paradigm to participant needs.

Noel Scott Anderson (United States)
Striving for College: A Case Study of Urban African American and Latino High School Males in College Prep Programs - 30 min Conference Paper
Despite the national growth in college preparation programs in the U.S., over two-thirds of students do not complete the programs, with the largest group being students of color in urban areas.

Andreas Andreou (Greece) Argyris Kyridis (Greece) Ifigenia Vamvakidou (Greece) Vangelis Drossos Stella Kassidou (Greece)
Greek Primary School Students Write on the National Anniversary of March 25th - Virtual Presentation
The way that Greek primary school students understand the March 25th national anniversary.

David P. Andrew (South Africa)
Making Sure it doesn't Add Up - Artists and Learners as Multimodal Agents in South African and Swiss Classrooms - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is part of a broader research project that investigates how artists can play teaching roles in South African classrooms and why this is important for the implementation of critical and creative arts and culture education programmes.

Dr Akosua Anyidoho (United States) Nana Akua Anyidoho (United States)
Revisiting Language Policy on Education in Ghana - 30 min Conference Paper
In May 2002, the Minister of Education of Ghana announced his plan to mandate English as the only medium of instruction at all levels of education. In overturning the previous policy under which indigenous languages were used in the early primary stages, the Minister expressed his hope that the new policy would result in improved school performance, and better equip children to participate in a global economy. The subsequent public debate recycled both pedagogical and ideological concerns that have accompanied such discussions in many post-independence African countries. However, the fact that Ghana – the country that provided an example in first language education for the continent – should debate these issues all over again at the beginning of the 21st century makes necessary a re-examination of this familiar but still contested issue. This paper examines the factors behind this seemingly retrogressive step.

Professor Frank D. Aquila (United States) Dr Ronald Moss Dr Wayne Carter (United States)
A Multi-System Approach to Education At-Risk Urban Youth: A Three-Year Study - 60 min Workshop
This panel will share the results of a 3-year study of a multi-system approach to educating at-risk urban youth. A successful collaboration among school, agencies, and government.

Dr Steven R. Aragon
Use of Action Research in Technology Decision Making - 60 min Workshop
This presentation is designed to give an overview of how action research may be implemented to make technology use decisions in educational settings.

Albert Arko-Cobbah (South Africa)
Student-centred Learning: The Case of Students from the Disadvantaged Communities - 30 min Conference Paper
The Paper touches on student-centred learning (SCL) and the use of resource-based learning as its vehicle. Students from disadvantaged communities need to be given special attention if SCL is to achieve its intended objectives. Librarians need to play a vital role in this regard.

Dr Joyce Armstrong (United States)
Lend a Helping Hand: Pre-Professional Teachers Tutoring - 30 min Conference Paper
In Service Learning, students participate in an educational process that relates their service experience to helping elementary age students in literacy.

Larry Ashbaugh (United States)
Learning Styles and Online Success - Virtual Presentation
A demonstration of effective personalization of the on-line learning environment. Effective teaching styles/methods, student satisfaction and grading are discussed, along with determining which courses are appropriate for on-line delivery.

Dr. Polly&Arlene Ashelman&Martin (United States)
A Constructivist Model for Supporting Understanding of Diversity Issues through Online Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation describes research that explored the role of online learning in teacher education. It documents the effectiveness of online discussions in promoting an understanding of diversity issues.

Mark J. Askew (Australia)
The Values we Teach: Schooling for a Global Community - 30 min Conference Paper
The Values we Teach: Schooling for a Global Community.

Stefan Aufenanger (Germany)
On Ethnography of Media Learning Environments - 30 min Conference Paper
The creation of learning environments with new media is an important challenge of media education.

Dr. Adonica Schultz Aune (United States)
Multicultural Education: A Teaching Technique for Students of Little Diversity - 30 min Conference Paper
A technique for teaching multicultural education to students of little diversity is presented. This technique was used for a class of higher education in a remote U.S. state.

Paul Ayres (Australia) John McCormick Bernice Beechey
Curriculum Reform In New South Wales, Australia: A Comparison Of Mathematics Teachers’ Views With Other Subject Areas - 30 min Conference Paper
This study measures teachers’ perceptions of major curriculum reform in NSW from a motivational perspective. Mathematics teachers are compared with teachers in other subject areas.

Dr. Karla M. Back (United States)
The Intuitive Learner: Making Sense of Ambiguity - Virtual Presentation
This study investigates the impact that an individual’s personality type has on his/her ability to learn and perform tasks that have a high level of ambiguity.

Suzan Baddour (Canada)
Defining and Measuring Clinical Learning Outcomes: A Nursing Faculty's Experience - Virtual Presentation
Defining and measuring learning outcomes are challenging tasks for any educator.

Dr. Xue Bai (United States) Dr Steve Davis (United States)
Web Course Management System (WCMS): An Interactive Tool Improves Teaching and Course Management - 60 min Workshop
This workshop will demonstrate a new, template-driven Web-based course management system (WCMS). Teachers who are interested in employing a Web-based course management system to save time and increase course effectiveness will benefit from attending.

Susan Baker (United States) Toni J. Castellon (United States) Debra Wylie (United States)
Elements of Visual Design for Teaching Writing - 60 min Workshop
Presenters use visual elements to enhance students' perceptions of writing as discovery and the interdependent relationship between critical thinking and reading.

Geeta B Balakrishnan (India)
Student - Supervisor Relationship in Social Work Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation highlights the importance of the student-supervisor relationship in social work education

Janet Baldwin
Schooling Improvement: Making a Difference? - 30 min Conference Paper
Case study of a schooling improvement initiative in New Zealand.

Roger Baldwin (New Zealand)
Teachers' use of Feedback Comments to Improve Student Achievement in Standards Based Assessment - 30 min Conference Paper
Teachers' use of formative assessment to improve student achievement.

Anne Bamford (Australia)
Significant Encounters in Creative Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores the use of significant learning encounters as a platform for developing a creative, research orientation in tertiary students.

Anne Bamford (Australia) Adele Flood (Australia)
Visual Literacy: An Exploration of a Constructivist Approach - 30 min Conference Paper
This study expands on international research in visual literacy and interactive technologies in relation to the Australian context.

Vicki Banham (Australia)
Hijacking the Learning Process: Integrating Services for Children and Families - 30 min Conference Paper
The concept of integrated family services embodies and values the role of children, families and the community as an integrated whole of early childhood care and education. It acknowledges the family as the child's first teacher. It provides a service in collaboration with children, families and the community that supports and enhances children's learning for life.

I. Baralou (United Kingdom) Christina Veliskaki (Greece)
Knowledge Creation in Virtual Teams - Virtual Presentation
The paper contributes to a better understanding of the process of knowledge creation in virtual teams, as well as the significant features of mediated, as opposed to direct, interaction. It does so, by drawing upon the literature of knowledge creation and mediated interaction, and by testing the theoretical outline in the (DI&P) software centre of Siemens Hellas, using an ethnographic research

Marsha Barber (Canada)
Bridging the Gap: Cross-cultural Teaching in Cambodia - Virtual Presentation
This paper presents research designed to help overseas educators tailor their teaching to the needs of students from another culture.

Richard Barke (United States) Dr Gena Abraham
Bridging Engineering and the Liberal Arts: A Course in Designing Progress - 30 min Conference Paper
As part of an innovative program in engineering and the liberal arts, a course was developed for students in engineering and the liberal arts. Working together, they explored the meanings of the concept of "progress" -- in building construction and management, politics, civil and mechanical engineering, architecture, music, and poetry. "Design" was examined in the same endeavors, and viewed through the lens of "progress."

Dr Susan J. Barkman (United States)
Web-based Youth Development Model Linking Program Design and Evaluation - 60 min Workshop
The Four-Fold Youth Development Model and web site is helping professionals in youth development organizations to more effectively design and evaluate the impact of their educational programs. Authors have utilized research to determine what components (skill set) are needed to achieve targeted skills.

Constance Barlow (Canada) Barry Hall
Student Vulnerability in Social Work Field Education: Issues of Power and Resistance - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation will report on the outcome of study that consisted of semi-structured interviews with 35 randomly chosen undergraduate social work students in a large Canadian university and 35 randomly chosen community-based field instructors.

Lorraine Beaudin (United States)
Teaching Pre-Service Teachers to Teach with Technology using Online Learning Objects - Virtual Presentation
Explores a method used to teach pre-service teachers how to use technology in the classroom.

Dr Jana P. Beaver (United States)
Cheat, Lie, and Steal - Technology Makes it Easy: Teaching Students Online Ethics and Following Acceptable Use Policies - 30 min Conference Paper
A discussion of web sites and ideas for online ethics curriculums to supplement implementation of a school's AUP.

Johnell Bentz (United States)
Integrating Technology into Undergraduate Education with Wireless Computing - 60 min Workshop
We will describe technology integration in undergraduate education with wireless technology and how students used PowerPoint to demonstrate learning.

Zlatko David Beretovac (Australia)
Exploding the National Child: Discourses of Development in Literacy Education - 30 min Conference Paper
literacy as a component of development is a very recent idea in education, and needs critical examination. What lies behind it is a particular mode of political power.

Dr Daniel Bernardi (United States)
Media Literacy Via Distance Learning:: Comparative Analysis of a Research University Program - 30 min Conference Paper
The presentation details the strengths and weakness of the University of Arizona's accredited distance learning courses in media

Dr. Robert G. Berns (United States)
A Research-based Approach to On-line Teacher Preparation and Professional Development - 30 min Conference Paper
A research-based innovative system delivered on the Internet for preparing to use classroom practices to improve student learning will be examined.

Hilary Bertsch (United States)
Online vs. Classroom-based Learning: What are Students Saying about their Experiences? - Virtual Presentation
With the tremendous growth in online learning, what are students saying about these opportunities? Do students feel they learn differently online? This presentation will highlight the results of a recent study looking at the student experience with online vs. classroom-based courses and how who they are impacted what they experienced.

Tina Besley (United Kingdom)
Globalised and Multicultural: Youth Identities In The Postmodern Era - 30 min Conference Paper
The terms postmodern, globalisation, consumerism and commodification are explicated before Foucauldian notions, youth style and hybridity are examined as ways of understanding postmodern youth identities.

Besser Howard (United States) Sheila Afnan-Manns (United States) Dale Ann Stieber (United States) Dominique Turnbow (United States)
Enhancing K-12 Access to Digitized Cultural Heritage Resources through Adaptive Systems Technology: Findings from an Exploratory Research Project - 60 min Workshop
To what extent must diverse users adapt themselves to singular one-interface systems, and in what ways does this impede access and use? In a perfect world, backend architecture structuring digital information would be accessible through multiple user interfaces that support the literacy levels, technological capabilities and other characteristics of different user groups. Collaborating with the California Digital Library and the Los Angeles Unified School District in a pre-test – post-test design, usability testing was conducted with a set of 4th graders and a set of 12th graders to compare the effectiveness of an existing finding-aid based interface with a newly developed prototype interface in accessing cultural heritage information. Findings inform the growing number of efforts by cultural heritage communities – including libraries, archives, museums, and community organizations – to create broader access to their rich resources through digitization.

Alma Jean Billingslea Brown (United States)
Service Learning and Social Activism: SCLC's Citizenship Education Program and the U.S. Civil Rights Movement - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines SCLC's Citizenship Education Program and its relation to current conceptualizations of service learning

Mohammad Sani Bin Ibrahim (Malaysia)
Teachers’ Reactions Towards Teacher Appraisal - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is based on a national survey which was conducted among teachers to assess their level of acceptance of the existing teacher appraisal scheme and to suggest certain criteria and mode of appraisal which is most suitable for teachers.

Deirdre Bird (United States)
Preparing Business Students for Globalisation:: A Comparative Study - 30 min Conference Paper
A comparative study of the preparedness for globalisation of business students in different countries.

Rosa Bizarro (Portugal)
Learning for Autonomy: New Demands for the Teacher/Learner Relationship - Virtual Presentation
Learning for autonomy in a foreign language process implies a redefinition of the teacher/learner relationship, which emphasizes the sharing power of making decisions about ‘what’, ‘how’ and ‘when’ to learn.

Joe Blackbourn (United States) Richard Blackbourn Jennifer Fillingim Don Schillinger
Differential Management and Motivation: Applied Psychology as a Catalyst for Effective, Consentual Organizational Change - 60 min Workshop
This presentation outlines a philosophy, process and tools for enhancing change in organizations. The processes of desired and forced change are delineated. Specific tools and processes for building consensus and establishing a "window of opportunity" for organizational change will be presented. An interactive activity using the tools and the process will be conducted for the participants.

Margaret Blackburn (New Zealand)
Contested Territory: Negotiating the Space between Research and Teaching - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines different views about the relationship between research and teaching in higher education and charts possible future directions.

Timothy Blair Vicky Zygouris-Coe
Literacy and Teacher Education in Transition: Challenges and Possibilities - 30 min Conference Paper
A synthesis of research on national and state issues in literacy and teacher education.

Dr. Adams B. Bodomo (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Carmen K. M. Lee (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Constructing Knowledge Through Online Bulletin Board Discussions: Implications for Web-based Course Design and Management - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores learner activities in a web-based undergraduate course on the relationship between Language and Information Technology.

Bohlmann Carol (South Africa)
How doLearners Construct Meaning when they Read Mathematics?: A Study of the Reading Difficulties Facing Foundation Phase Mathematics Learners in a Distance Learning Context - 30 min Conference Paper
An outline of research undertaken to identify reading difficulties of mathematics learners, and the implementation of one possible intervention measure.

Zelma Bone (Australia)
Transferable Skills in the Curriculum: UK and Australian Academic and Student Perspectives - Virtual Presentation
What do academics and students think about transferable skills in the university curriculum? A comparison between what has happened in the UK and starting to happen in Australia.

Dr Amanda Borden (United States)
Oral Communication Competence: A Problem Based Learning Assessment Strategy - 30 min Conference Paper
Outlines the assessment of college-level oral communication competence through a Problem Based Learning activity with an embedded ethical component

Eleri Bowen (United Kingdom) Steve Thomas S Lloyd
Broadening Participation: The Freshstart Experience - 30 min Conference Paper
An evaluation on the success of widening participation in higher education - the Freshstart project

Dr Paula Boxie (United States)
Literacy-based Field Model: Enhancing the Preparation of Teachers of Literacy - 30 min Conference Paper
The findings of a two-year study on the implementation of an innovative literacy-based field model (LFM) enhanced teacher candidates' ability to effectively teach literacy in the elementary grades.

Naomi Rose Boyer (United States)
Professional Development for School Leaders - 30 min Conference Paper
Unique partnership among school district, university, community, and business forged to enrich leadership options and change the culture of education.

Cynthia Boyle (Australia)
If Drawing is a form of seeing, what is the relationship between the final product and the act of drawing?: Issues for teaching and learning to draw. - 30 min Conference Paper
Issues raised by relationships between the act of drawing and the visible outcome.

Associate Professor Richard Braddock (Australia)
The Impacts of Internationalisation on Teaching and Learning: Internationalisation of Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Internationalisation of higher education has caused considerable strains on academic staff and has demanded a need for more flexible and adaptive approaches to teaching and learning.

Mark Breitenberg (United States)
A New Kind of Originality: Thinking Through Other Disciplines - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper looks at the idea and practice of interdisciplinary education specifically in terms of teaching the design professions in a globally connected world where design is more prominent and influential than ever before.

Joni Brenner (South Africa) Janet Wilson (South Africa)
Spinning our own Webs: Transforming a Writing-based Project into an Electronic Web-based Project - 60 min Workshop
Shifting the medium of a project to positively transform the experience for students

Dr Charles E. Bressler (United States)
Creating Meaning through Education in a Postmodern World: Spirituality Matters - 30 min Conference Paper
In our postmodern world, our children and our educational systems are in flux. While educators debate the definition of meaning itself, more frequently than not our children both consciously and unconsciously know and sense evershifting values, both those held by their peer groups and their teachers. In this age of flux, we, as educators,must be participants in creating meaning and values for those we teach. At the core of this teaching, I would argue, is spirituality. All of us are spiritual beings; denying the fact does not negate its truth. We must therefore devise "spiritual" objectives in our classrooms and return to basic truths which we have tended to ignore for the last several decades.

Heather Bridge (United States)
The London Student Teaching Program: Opportunities and Challenges - 30 min Conference Paper
The London Student Teaching program provides US student teachers with the opportunity to teach in London primary schools.

Harold E Briggs (United States) Joy D. Leary (United States)
The Basics Academy of College and Career Preparation: An Interdisciplinary Systems of Care Approach - 30 min Conference Paper
Design and development of a program model to facilitate higher education and wealth generating goals for youngsters from low income African American backgrounds.

Joy D. Leary (United States) Harold E Briggs (United States)
The Promotion of College Achievement and Entrepreneurship Among African American Youth with Mental Health Issues: A Community Based Perspective - 30 min Conference Paper
Design and development of a program model to facilitate higher education goals for youngsters from African American backgrounds with mental health issues.

Susan J. Britsch (United States)
Verbal and Visual Power in the Narratives of Preschool Composers: OR Image is Everything when You're the Baby - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation will focus on the ways in which the 3 and 4 year-old storytellers in one preschool classroom engaged in the multimodal creation of original fictional narratives to design a discourse of power with their peers.

Colleen Brown (New Zealand) Diane Christensen (New Zealand)
Have We Got a course for You!: Meeting the Learning Needs of Industry in a Contestable Global Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
Case study of a tertiary institute in the industrial heart of New Zealand operating as a conduit to meet the changing learning needs of industry and Industry Training groups.

Dr David S. Brown (United States)
Using a Web-based Tool to Monitor Educational Usage of GIS Mapping - Virtual Presentation
WebCT is a web-based tool used to track 8th and 9th grade students and teachers as they used GIS mapping for the first year after instruction.

Brown Gavin (New Zealand)
A National Teacher-Managed, Curriculum-Based Assessment System - 30 min Conference Paper
asTTle computer software enables teachers to interactively assess student literacy and numeracy against national curriculum standards.

Ellen-Jane Browne (Australia) Philip Craig (Australia) Laura Brearley (Australia)
Action Learning in the Workplace: An Australian Experience - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper highlights the role of action learning in the workplace in enabling educational administrators to transform workplace experience into theoretical and strategic knowledge.

Jennifer Bruce (United States)
The Impact of Paired Tutoring and Mentoring on Student Performance During Freshmen Probation - 30 min Conference Paper
The Impact of Paired Tutoring and Mentoring on Student Performance During Freshmen Probation

Jennifer Bruce (United States)
Disability in Higher Education: The Impact of ADA Accommodations: End of Term Grades for Students with Learning Disabilities who Receive Accommodations - 30 min Conference Paper
The Impact of ADA Academic Accommodations on Final Semester Grades of Postsecondary Students with ADD and/or LD.

Matthias Rudolf Brust (Germany) Christian Medeiros Adriano (Brazil)
Redesigning Computer-based Learning Environments: Evaluation as Communication - Virtual Presentation
Computer science research in evaluation is an immense challenge, mostly to its localization among conflicting and controversial research fields (i.e., psychology and philosophy, social sciences and engineering). Has the science of abstracting and building an adequate epistemology for such a challenge? Were the CBTs (Computer-based Training) the far we could go?

Dr Janina Brutt-Griffler (United States)
International Language Policy and Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper suggests that the notion of indigenous language is historical and contextually contingent. It problematizes the assumption that by shifting from English to an indigenous language one is necessarily safeguarding 'indigenous cultures'. Drawing on data on primary language socialization from South Africa and Zimbabwe, it shows that language socialization takes place in a linguistic continuum rather than in languages with clearly defined boundaries and corresponding ethnic affiliations. It draws implications for international language policy and practices in education.

SusanWetere Bryant (New Zealand)
Your Lifes Work, Mahi Ora, a new phenomenon in adult distance education for New Zealand - 60 min Workshop
The workshop will outline a new phenomenon in adult distance education in New Zealand which has occured over the past two years. The phenomenon describes the enrolments of 27 thousand Maori adult learners in the National Certificate in Employment Skills. The programme consists of 600 hours of distance and one to one education, including employment and basic computer skills and is called Mahi Ora Your Lifes Work. We will discuss the implications of such a development for distance education in New Zealand, the impact the programme has had, how it came about, and how education can transform social, cultural and economic conditions of marginalised and culturally distinct communities.

Mary Brydon-Miller (United States)
Action Research and the Challenges of Urban Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation considers the theory and methods of educational action research as tools for urban educational leaders.

Buck George H. (Canada)
A University-school Collaboration: Specialized Content Instruction for Technology Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation describes an innovative collaborative instructional approach for pre-service teachers in the Technology Education program, Faculty of Education, University of Alberta.

David E. M. Bucy (United States)
Schema Sensitivity and the Environmental Context: A Strategy for Effective Communication - 30 min Conference Paper
This session focuses on the value of using the visual content afforded by the environmental context as existing schemas for formal or informal educational efforts.

Mary C. M. Bucy (United States)
Orientation in Online Courses: What the Students Tell Us - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation discusses student suggestions for improvements in orientation information that can give students a feeling of security and confidence in online courses.

Shari Burnard (Canada)
The Use of Videos in the Classroom to Improve English Skills: An Action Research Project - 30 min Conference Paper
How video improved English skills in Special Education students.

Christie H. Burton (United States) Lisa Horvath (United States)
Learning Virtually: A Phenomenological Study of Telecommuters - Virtual Presentation
This phenomenological study investigates ways in which telecommuters learn work practices that allow them to meet their remote work situation. Data was collected through in-depth interviewing and analyzed through the van Kaam method for phenomenological inquiry.

Dr Kam Wing CHAN (China)
Student Perceptions of Learning Together - Virtual Presentation
This study aims to investigate the change in perceptions of student teachers in Hong Kong towards learning collaboratively, with a view to facilitating the implementation of co-operative learning in teacher education programmes, so that the student teachers are better equipped with the skills of employing co-operative learning as one of their teaching strategies, in their teaching careers to achieve the 21st century educational aims. The aims of education for the 21st Century focus on enabling every person to develop critical thinking, as well as building self-confidence and a team spirit, so that s/he is capable of life-long learning.

Prof. Anne Calhoon (United States) Dr Cynthia Annett (United States)
American Indian and Indigenous Altai Literacies - Virtual Presentation
This paper/DVD describes study abroad experiences of indigenous students (American Indian and Altaian) during summer water quality educational study.

Bruce Campbell (Australia)
Re-presenting Indigenous Knowledges: Learning About or Learning From? - 30 min Conference Paper
Constructing Indigenous Studies curricula dialogically rather than anthropologically creates new, respectful learning opportunities for students.

Nancy Campbell (United States) Jack De Vore Andre' Davis
Results of a Study on Learning Preferences - 30 min Conference Paper
The population of women that are incarcerated has for the most part been ignored when discussing educational programs.

Dr Orest Cap (Canada) Dr Victor Semenovych (Canada) Dr Ihor Cap (Canada)
Advanced Materials: Emerging Skills, Knowledge and Perspectives - Virtual Presentation
In this paper the authors present a comparative model between conventional and advanced technologies and materials and their application and uses in six industrial sectors. It also strsses the need for education to make sure its programs are firmly anchored in a network of industries, not just conventional ones, but hwhere practical with new industries using advanced materials and processes.

Nicole Carignan (Canada) Dr Roland G. Pourdavood (United States) Dr Belvia K. Martin (United States)
Culture, Social Interactions, and Mathematics Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This research investigated connections between mathematics learning for five 3rd grade students and their sociocultural activities.

Jioanna Carjuzaa (United States)
Exploring Cultural Identity: Reflections of Pre-service Teachers - 30 min Conference Paper
The United States is a pluralistic society in which classroom diversity abounds and the perceived cultural mismatch between students and teachers is often discussed.

Jioanna Carjuzza Nancy Drickey (United States)
ELL in Mathematics: What Teachers Need to Know about this Universal Language - 30 min Conference Paper
The achievement gap in mathematics between native English speakers and English language learners (ELL) is widening. The assumption that numbers, the language of mathematics, is universal may apply to basic concepts found in the elementary math curriculum.

Dr Diane Casale-Giannola (United States)
The Meaning of International Experiences for the Professional Development of Educators. - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper discusses the outcomes of 12 educators who participated in cross-cultural experiences. Specific results relate to professional development and global education.

Fabio J. Chacon (United States) Dr Al Valbuena (United States)
Developing a Learning Object Generator (LOG) for Direct Support of Teaching and Learning: Preliminary Report - 30 min Conference Paper
The Learning Object Generator tool assists teachers and students in selecting and creating shareable technology-based multimedia resources without requiring specialized skills in instructional design and programming.

Rod Chadbourne (Australia)
Middle Schooling and Academic Rigour - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines the validity of the criticism that separate middle schools for young adolescents undermines academic rigour.

Satnam Chahal (Canada) Jacyntha England (Canada) Yvonne Brown Hartej Gill Dr. Leslie Roman (Canada)
Embodied Literacies: Exploring the Body as a Site of Knowledge - Virtual Presentation
A panel discussion to explore and contest definitions of literacy in relation to lived experiences among four Canadian researchers and eduators.

Alfred Chan Cheung Ming (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Fong, M.S. Florence (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
University-school Link Partnership Projects for Promotion of Inter-generation Communications in Hong Kong (USLP) - 60 min Workshop
The aims of the action research projects are to enhance the intergenerational relationship between students and the older people through a series of training and service programmes including computer skills, health care knowledge, applied gerontology, older people's oral history, fieldwork on rural area, serving older people, presentations and etc. These programmes have not only improved the social competence skills of the participants, but also developed an off-campus curriculum (service learning) for the students and provided insights for elderly service agencies. The purpose of the presentation is to demonstrate a successful service learning model for the primary and secondary schools in Hong Kong through young-old interactions.

Alfred Chan Cheung Ming (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Fong, M.S. Florence (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Helen Lau Wing Lo (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Service Learning through Working with South Asian Children in Hong Kong - 30 min Conference Paper
Service learning is a mode of learning new knowledge through participation in community services. The mode involves training student learners to provide services which are of their real interest in life. This service learning programme aims to explore the preliminary effects of this type or mode of learning for the undergraduate students by organizing the after school services for the South Asian Children in Hong Kong. The present presentation will demonstrate the implementation process and explore the possible impacts of the programme to the tertiary education students in Hong Kong.

Kan Kan Chan (China)
A Review of Portfolio Assessment in Teacher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Portfolio assessment has been introduced in various levels of education and has been claimed to be one kind of authentic assessment.

Barbara Chancellor (Australia)
The Changing Face of Play in Australian Schoolyards: How is School Policy Impacting on Children and their Play in the School Playground? - 30 min Conference Paper
Australian school playgrounds are undergoing a range of changes which may be having a negative impact on many aspects of child development. This study is currently being conducted in Australian schools to gain a clearer picture of the current situation and its impact on the development of Australian school children.

Chandra B. Chandramohan (United Kingdom) Malcolm Keech (United Kingdom)
'Technology de jour' - Choosing and Using a Virtual Learning Environment: Blended Learning Practice in UK Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
The deployment of Virtual Learning Environment is a controversial issue in UK Higher Education, especially in relation to traditional and e-Learning delivery strategies.

Thandeka Chapman (United States)
Reciprocity in Research: Using Research Findings to Create and Implement a Professional Development Program - 30 min Conference Paper
In this paper I investigate issues of accountability and reciprocity in research that support the formulation of closer academic connections between scholarly research and the school research sites.

Catherine Chaput (United States)
The Globalization of the US Public Research University - Virtual Presentation
This paper argues that the U.S. research university model moves overseas as a means of securing the United States’ position within globalization.

Salasiah Che Lah (United Kingdom)
Attitudes towards bilingualism in Malaysia: An overview - 30 min Conference Paper
The year 2003 marked the Malaysian government's biggest decision in education that is to reinstate English as the medium of instructions for Mathematics and Science, reversing a policy introduced almost 30 years ago. The paper will focus on bilingualism in Malaysia in general and also the attitudes towards bilingualism and bilingual education and English as a second language in Malaysia.

Dr. Qiyang Chen (United States)
An Instructional Model of e-Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
The aim of this paper is to present a conceptual framework of designing a Web-based instructional model that facilitates critical thinking and cognitive progress. This framework provides a set of criteria, assumptions, goals, the structure and issues for the implementation. It is based on a constructive vision of multi-method learning, focusing on the interactive and individualized teaching-learning process.

Paul Chesterton (Australia) Susi Steigler-Peters (Australia) Wendy K. Moran (Australia) Maria Teresa Piccioli (Australia)
Critical Factors in the Development of Language Learning Pathways: Implications for Language Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
Factors assisting and inhibiting development of continuous language study pathways from primary to secondary schools, and their implications for learning.

Nancy A. Chicola (United States)
Creating Caring Communities: A Literature and Arts Approach for Children - 60 min Workshop
It is essential that educators help children develop habits of thinking and behaving in humane, tolerant, and compassionate ways. A fusion of selected trade books and the arts into classroom activities facilitates caring among children.

Priti Chopra (United Kingdom)
Distorted Mirrors: Decentring Representations of the 'Illiterat Indian Village Woman' in Print Media - 30 min Conference Paper
In this paper I look at how the ‘illiterate village woman’ is constructed in print media representations aimed at generating awareness about the ‘predicament’ of the ‘illiterate’.

Dr Carol A. Christensen (Australia)
Secondary School Reform in Literacy: A Case Study - 30 min Conference Paper
A whole school literacy program implemented in a secondary school with traditionally high rates of failure resulted in dramatic changes in student achievement, motivation and behaviour.

Diane Christensen (New Zealand) Colleen Brown (New Zealand)
Making pathways that count for secondary students. - 30 min Conference Paper
Description of how a NZ tertiary institute proactively created learning pathways between itself, senior secondary students and industry using communication unit standards.

Carol S. Christy (United States)
Pre-service Teachers’ Ability to Identify Math Concepts in Children’s Literature - 30 min Conference Paper
This study examines pre-service teachers' difficulty identifying mathematical concepts from children's literature. Causes and solutions will be discussed.

Cecilia Chu (China)
Teachers as a Gatekeeper to Learning through Discussion in the Higher Education Classroom - Virtual Presentation
This paper reports on an on-going project exploring the perspectives of students and teachers in a higher education institution in Hong Kong when conducting class and peer discussion.

Chua Yan Piaw (Malaysia)
Relationships between Thinking Skills and Left, Right and Whole Brain Learning Styles - 30 min Conference Paper
This study explored the relationships between the brain learning styles and thinking skills. As the second purpose, this study permitted analyses of the relationships between two types of brain learning style tests and three types of thinking skills tests. The respondents were 102 Malaysian undergraduates. Results consistent with the Split Brain Theory, that both hemispheres of the brain have different functions.

Chua Yan Piaw (Malaysia)
Relationships Between Thinking Skills and Left, Right and Whole Brain - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper is concerned with the relationships between brain learning style and thinking skills.

Yasuko Claremont (Australia)
Teaching Japanese through the Medium of Literature – Drama, Poetry and Short Stories - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper discusses benefits from teaching Japanese language and culture through literature studies and student participation in dramatic performances.

Lawrence J. Clark (United States)
Developing an Academic Discourse Community in the Virtual Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
In this paper, I will discuss the formation and characteristics of a virtual academic discourse community in an online American Literature course.

Guy Claxton (United Kingdom)
Education for Learning: Cultivating Students' Real-life Learning Power - 60 min Workshop
The primary purpose of schooling in the 21st century is the systematic cultivation of the transferable habits of mind, emotional resiliences, attitudes and values that underpin people's ability to be confident, competent and curious learners in a wide variety of real-world settings; and of the disposition to Seed‚ such qualities in the cultures and communities to which they belong.

Val Clulow (Australia) Julie Gerstman (Australia)
Motivation, Leader Skills and the Learning Process in Peer Tutorials: Experience of Peer Tutors - 30 min Conference Paper
A learning approach that emerged in the US in the 1970s, known as Supplemental Instruction (SI) developed in response to a need to improve students‚ performance and reduce student attrition in 'high risk'' subjects, known to have high fail rates

Audrey Cohen (United States)
Service Learning in an Introduction to Management Course - 30 min Conference paper
The paper demonstrates how management educators can incorporate service learning into an introductory course.

Mike Cole (United Kingdom)
The Global and the Local: A Marxist Critique of Postmodernism/Poststructuralism in Educational Theory - 30min Presentation
In this paper I begin by taking a brief glimpse at the current state of global capitalism. I then look at attempts in Britain and the United States to argue the case, within educational theory, that postmodernism and poststructuralism can be forces for social change and social justice.

Kathleen M. T. Collins (United States) Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie (United States)
Levels of Reading Ability Among Minority Graduate Students - 30 min Conference Paper
Poor reading ability has been found to predict underachievement among undergraduate students. Yet, little is known about the reading ability of minority graduate students.

Mario C. Colnar (Croatia)
Interactive Teaching of Energy Management - 30 min Conference Paper
An electronic textbook was made, which will provide interactive teaching of energy management with multimedia contents.

Barbara Combes (Australia) George Sekulla (Australia)
Education in Cyberspace: Creating Online Curriculum through Effective Partnerships - Virtual Presentation
This paper explores effective partnerships between teachers and the development of online learning modules in a new Western Australian, Government Senior Secondary College.

Jan Connelly (Australia)
Processes of Critical Discourse Analysis.: A Research Tool for Narrative Inquiry. A study of white women teachers subjectivities in educational contexts of cultural difference - 60 min Workshop
The workshop applies CDA to data from a narrative inquiry that looked into white women teachers’ pedagogical responses and subjectivity shifts when teaching in circumstances where racism, poverty, substance abuse and low achievement are evident.

Stella Coram (Australia)
Indigenous Identity Formations, Difference, Literacy and Learning: The Subjective Perspective of a Diasporic Maori Living in Australia - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores the relationship between identity formations, difference and learning in the context of indigenous pedagogy in Australia.

Camilla Couch (Australia)
Promising Futures: Families, Equity and Vocational Education in Senior Schooling - 30 min Conference Paper
Vocational Education is being promoted as an equity pathway to university entry and broader post-school options. How are families and schools using this curriculum option in senior schools?

J. Bradley Cousins (Canada) Swee C. Goh (Canada)
The Learning Capacity of Schools as a Function of Evaluative Inquiry: An Empirical Study - 30 min Conference Paper
The overall objective for the research is to clarify empirically the relationship between evaluative inquiry and organizational learning in the context of school improvement.

Donna Cowan (United States) Rachel Faber Machacha
Designing and Implementing a Service-learning Curriculum for Study Abroad Programs in Developing Countries - 60 min Workshop
The service-learning curriculum was designed for Experience Kenya, a comprehensive immersion study abroad program in a developing country.

Linda H. Cox (United States)
Preservice Teaching in a Children's Museum: Reflecting On the Past, Impacting the Future - 30 min Conference Paper
For eight semesters, preservice teachers have designed lessons for elementary students using authentic artifacts. They teach about pioneers, Native Americans, and world cultures in a children’s museum setting.

Dr Barbara Cozza (United States) Dr Tim Hobbs (United States) Dr Deborah Lo (United States) Dr Tata Mbugua (United States)
Radical Solutions to Common Problems in the Preparation of Professional Educators - 60 min Workshop
This session reports on four projects making use of on-line interaction and/or tutoring and problem solving in a professional teacher education program.

Barbara Craig (New Zealand)
Adult Literacy and The Internet:What motivates adult learners to improve their literacy skills in this digital world: Report on a project providing online training and one-on-one tutoring in the home in low-income multi-cultural communities - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores how computer access in the home can offer learning opportunities for adults who have had unhappy formal educational experiences in the past. These adults were motivated to become computer literate as they saw ICT as the way of the future for both themselves and their children.

Marie Craig (Australia)
Pathways to Practitioners: An integrated theory and practice model - 30 min Conference Paper
Examining an integrated theory and practice model for maximising the learning opportunities in field training in a health setting.

Philip Craig (Australia)
University in Transition: Managing the Transition from Traditional Model to Market Model - An Administrative Perspective - 30 min Conference Paper
A case study of systems of an Australian University in transition from traditional model to market model

Dr Wendy Crebbin (Australia)
Learning: When Everything is Simulacra what is Substance? - 30 min Conference Paper
An analysis of the discursive contestations over the meaning of 'school learning', and a consideration of possible implications.

Judith Crowe (United States)
New Designs for Teaching and Learning: Using Webfolio to Assess Student Progress in a Teacher Education Program - 30 min Conference Paper
This session will present 'webfolio': a tool for electronic portfolio development and assessment. Topics will include development of the electronic format, integration throughout the teacher preparation program courses, the student evaluation process and recommendations for further research.

Howard Davies (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Problem-Based Learning at Three Levels: An Evaluation of Hong Kong Context - 30 min Conference Paper
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been described as the most significant recent innovation in professional education. However, at the same time, reservations have been expressed about its transferability into Asian cultural and educational settings where dependence on the teacher may be seen as inhibitive of such a highly student-centred approach.

Vassilios Dagdilelis Eo Aggouri
Attitudinal obstacles to the development of the educational potential of NT in Greece - Virtual Presentation
The percentage of teachers with an open mind to the full potential of computer related learning is yet very small in Greece

Caroline Daly (United Kingdom) Dr Norbert Pachler (United Kingdom) Jon Pickering (United Kingdom)
Teacher Learning and Computer-mediated Communication: Developing the Professional Knowledge Base - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines the potential of computer-mediated communication for the generation of teacher learning, towards developing the professional knowledge base.

Laurie Rennebohm Danahy (United States) Phillip D. Olson (United States) Jennifer Jo Olson (United States)
Exploring Early Literacy Eco-systems: A Collaborative Approach to Impacting Young Children's Learning Environments - 60 min Workshop
University of Idaho researchers have developed an in-service training model that helps early childhood professionals analyze and enrich literacy materials and experiences available to young children in various learning environments.

Davidson Christina (Australia)
Where Did Have-a-Go Go?: Approximation and Correctness in Young Children's Writing - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper examines a young learner's talk about his writing and raises concerns about over-emphasis on correctness in early years literacy programs.

John Davis (United States)
Why PT3? The Impact of Educational Technology Upon Student Achievement - 30 min Conference Paper
Why PT3? examines three questions regarding the use of computer technologies and education.

Lynn Dawson (New Zealand)
Books in Prison Literacy Reading and Writing - Changing Lifestyles - 30 min Conference Paper
Literacy reading writing and lifestyle programmes that assist women inmates make positive changes to their lifestyles and that of their families.

Dr Paul De Sena (United States)
Do School Counselors Make a Difference in Student Academic Achievement? : Empirical Evidence of What Works and What Doesn't Work - 30 min Conference Paper
The objective of this study was to empirically demonstrate that school counseling services are one of the significant factors contributing to academic achievement from kindergarten through high school.

Jack De Vore Nancy Campbell (United States) Andre' Davis
A New Program for Apprenticeship Training - 30 min Conference Paper
Arkansas has become a unique state because it has established and implemented a progressive, three day, Saturday program for teaching apprenticeship instructors (non-teachers) how to teach laymen job skills for success in their professions.

Frau Dr. Heike Deckert-Peaceman
Curriculum Stories About the Holocaust - 30 min Conference Paper
The lecture will concentrate on the narrativity of classroom instruction and the interrelations between Curriculum Stories and their cultural context.

Vivienne Decleva (Australia)
Teaching in the Workplace: The Teacher's Role in the Workplace Setting - 30 min Conference Paper
A discussion on the changing role of vocational teachers and on the importance of their function in the workplace, assisting and supporting students to achieve the required competencies.

Dr Faiza Derbel Derbel (United States)
Two Minds, Four Hands: Ownership of Technology through Collaborative Processes. - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes the experience of a graduate student mentoring a faculty member in the use of technology. Journal and interview data are used to illustrate the mentoring procedures used.

Karim Dharamsi (Canada)
The Meno and Contemporary Perspectives on Learning - Virtual Presentation
I consider recent trends in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science that link perspectives on learning to what theorists take to be an innate knowledge thesis in Plato's Meno. I offer an alternative interpretation of the dialogue and attempt to resituate the learning-debate around this alternative.

Kristen E. DiCerbo (United States)
The Effect of Reducing Attention Demands on Standardized Reading Test Performance - 30 min Conference Paper
This research examined the effect of reducing attention demands on standardized reading comprehension test scores.

Efstratios T. Diamadis (Greece) George Polyzos (Greece)
Supporting Collaborative Assessment in Virtual Learning Environments - Virtual Presentation
This work suggests ways for efficient application of collaborative assessment activities in virtual learning environments.

Dr Kostas Dimopoulos Prof. Vasilis Koulaidis
Science Education in Primary and Secondary Level: An Analysis of the Discursive Transitions across Different Modalities of the Pedagogic Discourse - 30 min Conference Paper
The aim of this paper is the mapping of the discursive transitions in school science from the primary to the secondary level.

Raffaela Dinelli (Australia) Val Clulow (Australia)
Encouraging Language Learning Strategies Through Coaching - Virtual Presentation
This study builds on a pilot survey of first year university Italian Language students, conducted last year (Dinelli and Clulow, 2002).

Dr. Adrienne D. Dixson (United States)
"Because I Can":African American Women Teachers and Multicultural Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores the ways in which African American women teachers make sense of multicultural curriculum and their own gender, racial and class identities. I will discuss the findings of a ten-month qualitatitive study that examined the impact of African American women teachers' race, class and gender identities on their pedagogical philosophies and practices.

Alison Asher Dobrick (United States)
Around the World in 180 Days: An Effective, Weekly Program for Enhancing Multicultural Social Studies Content in the Elementary Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
This workshop introduces a research based program that can be used at the upper elementary level to enhance students’ understanding of the cultures of the world. The “Around the World in 180 Days” program gives teachers a way to assist students in actively creating a cognitive framework for social studies knowledge. Students create “passports,” and each week, the class “visits” another nation, learning about its history, geography, cultural achievements, and current events through technological and other aids. In this workshop, research on this program’s effectiveness will be presented. The role of the teacher him or herself within the context of the widespread lack of social studies resources will be debated. The importance of this program to diverse classrooms in America and elsewhere will be examined as well. Participants in this workshop will receive a packet of materials designed to allow teachers to bring this program to life in their classrooms and schools.

Professor Deborah V. Dolan (United States) Professor Georgina Martorella (United States)
Discipline-based Information Literacy and the Lifelong Learner - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation will examine the value of embedding information literacy within undergraduate and graduate programs and its relationship to lifelong learning.

Dr Tony Donk (United States)
Teaching as We are Taught to Teach: Enhancing the Apprenticeship of Observation in Literacy Teaching and Learning - 60 min Workshop
If teachers teach the way they were taught versus the way they were taught to teach, what does this mean for classroom literacy practices?

Dr Elena V. Dorabji (United States)
Effects on Student Learning when a Majority of Teaching Faculty are Contingent: The Case of the California State University System (CSU) between 1992 and 2002 - 60 min Workshop
Over the past decade the percentage of temporary faculty has grown dramatically in the California State University system. Temporary faculty now constitute over half of the teaching faculty and make 30% to 40% of total instruction. It is temporary faculty who are typically responsible for most of lower division teaching yet they are excluded from shared governance, professional support, decent compensation, job security and academic freedom. How do such sub-standard faculty working conditions affect student learning?

Diana Dorantes Salas de Fischer (United States)
Issues and Practice in ESL Education in Multicultural Classrooms: Teacher Development for Multicultural Education - Virtual Presentation
Teacher self-development & change to meet the challenge of effectively teaching both English & content learning in multicultural classrooms.

Christos Doukas (Greece)
European Lifelong Learning Discourses: The Impact on Adult Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This announcement examines the negotiatory debate on lifelong learning in the context of the European Union within the years 2001-2003. This debate is presented under the aspect of the redefinition of the field of the Adult Education and its connection with the active participation of the citizen in the Information and Knowledge Societies.

Mark Dressman (United States)
Toward a Theory of Theoretical Frames in School Literacy Research - 30 min Conference Paper
Within the context of the current backlash against literacy research in the US, this presentation argues for a more rigorous dialogue between social theory and data analysis.

George Drops (United States)
Using Technology to Increase Student-Teacher Interaction - 30 min Conference Paper
A demonstration of the four levels of interaction using presentation technology to move from the transfer of knowledge to the construction of new knowledge.

Dr Lawrence Drysdale (Australia) David Gurr
Market Centred Leadership and School Performance - 30 min Conference Paper
Proposes a new form of school leadership that focuses on the market and provides the opportunity to enhance school performance and learning

Gerald Duchovnay (United States)
The World in a Frame: Introducing Culture Through Film - 30 min Conference Paper
Examines how film/movies can introduce students to aspects of diverse cultures.

Margie Duke (Australia)
A Teaching Strategy for Enhancing Critical Understandings of Texts for Students in Secondary Classrooms - 60 min Workshop
This workshop demonstates a teaching strategy to support secondary students in a critical unpacking of texts.

Heather E. Duncan (Canada)
The Power of the Pen: Virtually Speaking - Virtual Presentation
Intertwining the philosophies of Bohm, Bakhtin, and Freire, this paper explores the educative power of virtual dialogue in adult education.

Kathy Durkin (United Kingdom)
The Critical Learning Journey of Chinese Post Graduate Students in the U.K.: Adapting to Western Norms of Academic Argumentation and Debate - 30 min Conference Paper
Case study research in the U.K. and China exploring how Chinese students adapt to western academic expectations of critical evaluation and argumentation

Peter B. Easton (United States)
Revising Adult Education Policy at the World Bank: Critical Views on Comparative Advantage - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper analyzes methods and initial results of an initiative undertaken to improve Bank performance in promotion of cost-effective ANFE programming and to consolidate the contributions of such programs to the achievement of Education For All and Millennium Development Goals.

Prof. Marjory Ebbeck (Australia)
A Report of a Research Study in Long Day Care in South Australia - 30 min Conference Paper
An evaluation of a Government Funded Linkage Grant which commenced in 2001 and evaluated a South Australian Curriculum Framework for children in the 0-3 age group.

Hasina Banu Ebrahim (South Africa)
A South African Experience in Celebrating Diversities in the Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
Tirasano (working together) represents a liberatory, post-apartheid philosophy which seeks to give educational expression to the new consciousness.

Alireza Ebrahimi (United States)
Learning to Solve Problems by Visualization of Plans and Sub-Plans: Problem, Plan, and Visualization - 30 min Conference Paper
The process of solving a problem by visualizing plan decomposition and then plan integration is demonstrated in VPE – Visual Plan Environment.

Tita Eddelman (United States) Jack De Vore Dr Jarrod Adkisson Nancy Campbell (United States) Andre' Davis
School-Based Services for School Age Children - 30 min Conference Paper
The primary purpose of the program is to increase the emotional and behavioral skills of students.

Claudia Edmondson (United States)
Skills for Traveling the Super Highway: Literacy and Informational Technology - 60 min Workshop
The purpose of this presentation is to address the problem of global illiteracy that must be addressed so that all world citizens will have the opportunity for equal access to informational technology.

Dr Denise Egea-Kuehne (United States)
The Commodification of Education: Ethico-political Issues in the Global Marketing of Knowledge - Virtual Presentation
They defined the objectives of their instruction, established a timeline, and fixed a price. This is how Plato described the Sophists' approach to education.

Henk Eijkman (Australia)
Achieving Curricular Justice for Marginalised Social Groups in Web-based Distance Learning in Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
If equitable outcomes are to be achieved, third generation distance learning technologies require new, third generation curricular practices.

Habibah Elias (Malaysia) Zaidatol Akmaliah Lope Pihie
New Policy in Teaching Mathematics and Science in Malaysian Secondary Schools: How it contributes to Teachers’ Stress - 30 min Conference Paper
A research on Teachers' Stress with the introduction of a new policy in the teaching of science and mathematics.

Alison Elliott (Australia)
Scaffolding Teacher ICT Confidence in Authentic Professional Learning Contexts - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper highlights professional characteristics of teachers who successfully use information and communications technologies in their classrooms and the challenges faced by teachers beginning to use learning technologies in pedagogically enriching ways. A model of professional development that focusses on scaffolding ICT pedagogies in authentic learning contexts is proposed.

Cath Ellis (Australia) Catriona Elder (Australia)
Online Group Work: Facilitating Interdisciplinary Peer Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper discusses the benefits of using online communication to facilitate group work activities in terms of interdisciplinary content and peer learning.

Rabia Enam (Pakistan) Najma Ismat Ahsan (Pakistan)
Real Time Machine Interpretation of Languages in E-Education and Distance Learning - Virtual Presentation
This paper emphasizes on the Importance of the Real time Machine Interpretations MI of languages in E-education. Basic model of MI (extracted from various research works) is presented and in the end the important changes that has to be made to implement the MI in e-education has been discussed.

Kathy Brock Enger (United States)
Transformational Leadership in a Time of Change: John Dewey, Jane Addams, Paulo Friere, and bell hooks - 30 min Conference Paper
Change requires a new leadership paradigm, as shown in the work of John Dewey, Jane Addams, Paulo Friere, and bell hooks.

Lin Enger (United States)
What I'm Learning as I Read, and What I Hope My Students Are Learning Too - 30 min Conference Paper
The ways in which reading imaginative literature binds us more closely to ourselves at the same time it binds us to the world beyond us.

Nancy Enright (United States) Owen Schur (United States)
Using Technology in First Year Writing Program: Blackboard and its use at Seton Hall University - 60 min Workshop
This paper will describe how we are using Blackboard in our First Year Writing Program and beginning to use it for on-line literature classes. We use it in class and outside of class and also for faculty development. We have found it a helpful way of enhancing communication in our writing classes. We are starting to develop on-line literature courses. The second part of the workshop will examine one of these.

Dr Dorothy L. Espelage (United States) Sarah Mebane
Peer Group Influence on the Willingness to Intervene in Bullying Episodes - 30 min Conference Paper
Willingness to intervene in bullying episodes was evaluated as being influenced by the empathy and the willingness to intervene among friends among 565 American early adolescents.

Charles L. Etheridge (United States)
Rethinking the Humanities: Literary Theory and the Creative Process - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will show how tensions between traditional humanities courses and literary theory ignore the producers of the cultural products that form the topics for theoretical debate.

Dr James Etim (United States) A. Etim
Middle School Students' Perceptions of the Role of Education as a Tool for Social and Personal Transformation - Virtual Presentation
What are the perceptions of middle school students of the role of education as tool for social and personal transformation? Do they see education as important and relevant in their lives?

Tony Evangelisto (United States)
Changing Institutions through Curriculum: The Evangelisto Model - 30 min Conference Paper
Administrators must provide leadership for institutional change; the Evangelisto Model guides such change through curriculum development.

Daryl Evans (Australia)
Museum Influences on Classroom Practices in Adult Literacy - Virtual Presentation
Adult literacy classroom activities that have been influenced by the recent experience of enhanced investment in public museums.

Dr Rob Evans (Germany)
Talking of Learning ...: Acquired Knowledge, Required Knowledge and Organizational Change - Local, Global, Glocal? - 30 min Conference Paper
Company employees' talk is examined for evidence of tension between the roles assigned to tacit and/or formal knowledge. Learning discourses are seen as constructed within individual learning biographies. Deficits in current intercultural learning are discussed.

Rebecca Blevins Faery (United States)
The Digital Divide, Close to Home - 30 min Conference Paper
Consideration of the digital divide between humanities teachers and students today.

Qiuyan Fan (Australia)
Closing the City-bush Digital Divide: Australian Experiences - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper provides an empirical analysis of the digital divide in regional and rural Australia and identifies the major obstacles to narrowing the city-bush digital divide.

Pip J. Farrar (Canada)
Talking bodies, embodied talk: The discourse of a disability advisory committee - Virtual Presentation
Utility of the social model of disability and post-structuralism for understanding communication across difference in inclusive community planning.

SayyedMohsen Fatemi (Canada)
Mindless Learning and Ordinary Discourses and their Implications in Education - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper conducts a critique on discourse of education and learning and argues that most of the pervasive learning fosters mindlessness.

Julie Faulkner (Australia)
Popular Culture, Identity and Literacy Practices - 30 min Conference Paper
Popular texts are increasingly finding a place in the literacy classroom, where they are seen as powerful resources through which students' social and critical responses are mobilised as literacy practices.

Norsiah Fauzan (Malaysia)
Could Metacognition and Verbalization Enhance Reading Comprehension? - Virtual Presentation
This paper will examine the impact of metacognitive strategies plus verbalization as an instrumental activity to improve students reading comprehension.

Ann M Feldman (United States)
Ordinary Writing in the Engaged University - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation illustrates how students in a first-year writing program can use writing to participate in public conversations and change civic contexts.

Dr Donna L. Ferrara (United States) Julio C Gonzalez-Martinez (United States)
An Examination of the Interface among Policy Makers, Scholars, and Practitioners within the Context of School Reform and School Transformation: International Cases and Comparisons - 30 min Conference Paper
An examination of challenges related to transforming schools within the context of lack of interface among policy makers, scholars, and practitioners.

Norma D. Feshbach (United States) Seymour Feshbach (United States)
Empathy in Education: An Elixer But No Panacea - 30 min Conference Paper
Theory and data are presented regarding the role of empathy and empathy related training programs in education.

Alexandra Fidyk (Canada)
Silence: Opening Space for Learning - Virtual Presentation
This presentation considers silence as a pedagogical act, as creative space and its critical role in education for personal and social transformation.

Ian Finlay (United Kingdom)
Expansive Learning Across the University/Worplace Activity Systems: Learning to Teach in Further Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores how we can understand the role of the university in the professional development of further education teachers.

Dr Douglas J. Fiore (United States)
Parent Invovlement Reconceptualized - 30 min Conference Paper
With increased accountability demands and with research illustrating the effects of parent involvement on student learning, this paper urges educators to reconceptualize parent involvement.

Doug Fisher (United States)
Phonics instruction from a Teachers' Perspectives - 30 min Conference Paper
Survey and observational data were collected regarding phonics instruction across grades K - 6. The results indicated that the majority of the teachers in the study integrated the teaching of phonics with the texts they were teaching. The methods used by these teachers to provide phonics instruction shifted over the course of the school years.

VĂ©ronique Flambard-Weisbart (United States)
The Channels of Time: A Global Simulation Scenario for the French Civilization Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
Global simulation pedagogy and its potentially interactive uses in the context of the Foreign language and culture classroom.

Sarah Fletcher (United Kingdom)
Listening to Learn in Community: The Role of Research Mentoring - Virtual Presentation
The paper is in three parts: My living educational theory of research mentoring; How research mentoring depends on listening to learn; What I and two teacher researchers have been learning through listening.

Associate Professor Chris Forlin (Australia)
Preservice Teacher Education: Involvement of Students with Intellectual Disabilities - 30 min Conference Paper
Discussion of an innovative approach to preservice teacher education for inclusive education involving students with intellectual disabilities.

Dr Gail H Forsythe (Canada)
Fostering a Climate of Workplace Learning: the Legal Duty to Accommodate Employees and Students with Dyslexia - Virtual Presentation
Canada's statutory framework fosters a unique multicultural society. Canadian courts are expanding the legal duty of employers and educational institutions to accomodate the needs of dyslexic individuals. This paper provides an overview of historic and current concepts related to understanding the needs of people with disabilities, a comparative British, American and Canadian analysis of the impact of disabilities on women, people of color, and aboriginals, and the Canadian judiciary's response to employers and learning institutions that fail to accommodate the needs of people with dyslexia.

Dr Kristi Stroud Fowler (United States)
Homeschooling in Virginia: Understanding the Processes, Approaches, and Outcomes/Implications for Educators - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation involves a discussion of the perspectives of families engaged in homeschooling and the perspective of the educator/observer who studied them, as well as the findings and implications of the research.

Fenia Frangoulidou (Greece)
Internet and Teens’ Identity Formation: A Pilot Research in a Greek Secondary School Class - 30 min Conference Paper
A pilot research in a secondary school class in Greece.

Katerina K. Frantzi (Greece)
Deweyean Logic and Scientific Inquiry for Personal Development - Virtual Presentation
The pragmatist J.Dewey argued that education should aim at holistic growth, and students should learn how to develop cooperative inquiry skills. He set the experimental method on top of pedagogical practices, for it embodies the fundamental principles of life's transaction, by which the past becomes effective in the reconstruction of the present.

Lucille M. Freeman (United States)
Verbal Immediacy and Social Presence Indicators in Asynchronous Discussion: A Graduate Level Cohort Experience - Virtual Presentation
An analysis of the asynchronous discussion posts by graduate students in the second year of a cohort experience.

Margery Freeman (United States) Lou C. Johnson (United States)
YES! A Literacy Program’s Anti-Racist Journey - 60 min Workshop
An account of how a traditional adult literacy program in New Orleans, Louisiana, transformed itself into a program committed to literacy as social justice, and an analysis of the effects of that transformation on the adult students and teachers.

Donald Richard Freeze (Canada)
Precision Reading: Significant Literacy Gains in Students with Extreme Academic Deficits, Cognitive Impairments, and Severe Social, Emotional, and Psychiatric Problems - 30 min Conference Paper
The use of Precision Reading (PR) is described with seven students, aged 8 to 13 years, with extreme academic deficits, cognitive impairments, and severe social, emotional, and psychiatric problems.

Dr. Joseph H. Gaines (United States)
Teacher Education in Search of Reason: If Not Now, When? - 30 min Conference Paper
This article deals with the varied and complex issues of teacher education, education reform, and urban education in particular, in regard to teacher preparation, in the context of American education and urban education in New York City.

Kate Gale (United States)
Dreaming Poetry in the Classroom: How to Invite Students into the Process of Poetry as a Discipline, a Creative Art Form and a Scholarly Pursuit - 30 min Conference Paper
Teaching students poetry in its most elemental and primitive form so that they understand reading, writing and experiencing poetry.

Dr Claire B. Gallagher (United States)
The "Our Town" Project: Teaching Urban At-risk Children through Visual and Spatial Literacy in the Built Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
Issues of visual and spatial literacy vis-Ă -vis autonomy in the built environment are used as a point of departure for exploration of the use of built environment education as an alternative means of instruction with urban, at-risk, elementary school children.

Lauren Gallop (Australia)
The Motivation for Self Directed E-learning.: Asynchronous Online Training: A Review. - Virtual Presentation
Asynchronous Web-based Training is evaluated as self directed learning medium to staff within a large finance organisation

Linda Gan (Singapore)
Learning to Love Learning English - 30 min Conference Paper
Findings from local research into home-based practices in Singapore reveal parents playing a proactive role in keeping reading alive and well at home (especially English).

Inmaculada GarcĂ­a
JDESK: A Web-Based Discrete Event - Virtual Presentation
JDESK is discrete event simulator that allows a easy way to define and simulate a model. This characteristic makes JDESK suitable for e-learning.

Rick Gay (United States)
The Robey Investigation - 30 min Conference Paper
American business leaders in the 1930s successfully censored social science textbooks for attacking free enterprise and promoting collectivism.

Doreen S. Geddes (United States)
Preparing College Students for the Global Workplace: A Curriculum of Service Learning Projects, Intercultural Experiences, and Applied Communication Instruction/Practice - 30 min Conference Paper
College students entering the global economy must be able to function effectively in an international setting; communicate successfully in written, oral, and electronic formats; and have exposure to their chosen profession..

Susan George (Australia)
Learning Style Diversity in Tertiary Level Computer Science - Virtual Presentation
Learning style diversity in tertiary level computer science at the University of South Australia

Julie Gerstman (Australia) Judy Rex
Understanding Group Learning Processes Using Mixed and Non-mixed Groups in Tertiary Business Classes - 30 min Conference Paper
The research investigates group processes and outcomes when a mixed and non-mixed group complete an assignment in tertiary business subjects

Marina Stefania Giannakaki (United Kingdom)
An Examination of the Link between School Management and Curriculum Innovation: A Comparative Study of Public and Private Primary Schools in Greece - 30 min Conference Paper
The present study investigates the relationship between the so-called “learning organisation” and the implementation of curriculum innovations within schools.

Beatrice Gibbons (United States)
Teaching Elementary Science to English Learners: Effective Instructional Strategies - 60 min Workshop
Research-based instructional strategies effective for the teaching of elementary science to English Learners will be presented and discussed.

Josh Glazer (United States)
Educational Professionalism for the 21st Century: The Organization and Use of Expert Instructional Knowledge in a Large Scale Design for Improvement - 30 min Conference Paper
This research seeks to develop a model of educational professionalism in which instructional work is at the center of the model. The model distinguishes among types of instructional work and types of professional knowledge, as well as the connections among them. The model is applied to a design for educational improvement in order to take a first step in understanding how the structure and conceptualization of instruction creates both limits and possibilities for effective and consistent practice in classrooms. A primary argument is that understanding the mechanisms by which expert knowledge is organized among and within professions can provide a valuable analytic tool for analyzing approaches to large scale instructional improvement. The viability of such large scale endeavors hinges on the development of an underlying system for solving instructional problems, as well as a social and organizational infrastructure that enables consistent and effective implementation.

Ruth Gledhill (Australia) Robyn Freeman
Utopia - Are We There Yet?: A Case Study of Professional Development for Indigenous Teachers in Remote Central Australia - 60 min Workshop
This workshop will provide a window into life for teachers at Utopia in remote Central Australia. Participants will learn about contexts for teaching in the Northern Territory and professional development opportunities for Indigenous teachers.

John R Godfrey (Australia)
The Early Literacy Skills of Australian Indigenous Children as Measured by the Performance Indicators in Primary Schools (PIPS) Instrument: Measurement of the Early Literacy Skills of Australian Indigenous Children - 30 min Conference Paper
The reliability and cohesiveness of the Performance indicators in primary schools (PIPS) test is examined and then used to measure the improvement and development of early literacy skills among a sample of 200 Australian indigenous children.

Kenneth Goldberg (United States)
The Impact of Learning Style on Organizational Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This research studied the impact of individual learning style on employee organizational learning.

Paraskevi Golia (Greece) Ifigenia Vamvakidou (Greece) Elena Zigouri (Greece)
Recording of Child Perception for Television in their Specific Paintings - Virtual Presentation
Recording of child perception for television in their specific paintings.

Susana Gonclaves (Portugal)
Excellency and Ethics in Higher Education: Learning From the Very Good Ones - 30 min Conference Paper
Modernity, being characterized by a global panorama of technological, scientific and socio-cultural changing, demands professionals intellectually expeditious, capable of learning to learn, getting information, deciding and acting under pressure, uncertainty and conflict.

Jin Gong (United States)
Postgraduate Learning in the United States - 30 min Conference Paper
The demand for postgraduate education is increasing in the United States. Who are they? What they want to learn?

Steven Goodman (United States)
Through a Critical Lens: Teaching Literacy and Social Activism Through Documentary Production in School and Community Settings - 60 min Workshop
Case study of urban students producing a community documentary explores the inquiry and self expression skills they develop across multiple literacies

Denis Goodrum (Australia)
Promoting Scientific Literacy - 30 min Conference Paper
The following questions are examined. What is scientific literacy? Why is it important? How can scientific literacy be developed in schools?

Cindy Gordinier (United States)
The Relationship between Elementary Classroom Teachers' Learning Styles and Theoretical Orientation to Reading Instruction - 30 min Conference Paper
This study examined relationships between 199 elementary classroom teachers' learning styles and their theoretical orientation to reading instruction.

SC Goswami (India)
Complementarity Principle: Foundation of Cultural Diversity - 30 min Conference Paper
The Principle of Complementarity, emerging from quantum physics, was introduced by the Danish Physicist Niels Bohr in 1927 to explain the apparently contradictory phenomenon, viz., the wave-particle duality, scientists were faced with, in the physical world.

Christos Govaris (Greece) Marianthi Kaplanoglou (Greece) Eleni Skourtou (Greece) Kostas Vratsalis (Greece)
Educational Practices in Modern Multicultural Societies: The Substantial obstacle in Relation to Culture - Virtual Presentation
This paper discusses the views, which in the actual multicultural social formations treat culture as something of unchangeable nature.

Jan Grajczonek
Priests Preach, Teachers Teach: Biblical Literacy in the Religion Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores the development of biblical literacy in an educational framework in the primary religion classroom.

Loraine Grant (Australia)
The development of graduate capabilities through planned learning experiences in an Industry Mentoring Program. - 30 min Conference Paper
The Industry Mentoring Program (IMP) is a two phrase program which is conducted across an academic year for students in Certificate IV in Clothing Production (Product Development & Merchandising) program. The IMP program makes up two of the ten courses (subjects) studied in the Certificate IV within first year of a two-year diploma program.

Jan Gray (Australia) Maria Northcote (Australia)
Challenges and Dilemmas in Online Teaching and Learning with Postgraduate Students - 30 min Conference Paper
New online learning environments require new pedagogies, presenting new challenges for postgraduate online learners and delivery of quality learning experiences.

Janet Gregory (Australia)
Appreciating Difference: Reflections on Teaching in the Culturally Diverse Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores my experience of teaching in a culturally diverse classroom at university.

Marianne Grey
Designing Subversive Images on the Margins - 30 min Conference Paper
Using innovative visual design, International undergraduate students can represent their own interests and contest powerful institutional discourses.

Dr Elizabeth M. Grierson (New Zealand)
Scaffolds of Subjectivity: Coming to Terms with Formations of Subjectivity in the Act of Learning - Virtual Presentation
The paper critically engages with questions of subjectivity in the teaching-learning process

Will Griffiths (United States) Panos Seranis (United Kingdom)
Developing Multimedia Electronic Resources for Secondary Classroom Students, UK - 60 min Workshop
This workshop demonstrates the results of a major DfES (Department for Education and Skills, UK) trial to create an ICT-based course for a KS3 (students 12-14 years old) subject, in which there is a shortage of specialist teachers.

Sonja C. Grover (Canada)
Normalizing Social inequity Through Educational Testing: The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test as a Case Example - Virtual Presentation
This paper discusses the way in which schools teach implicit lessons about social inequity by creating ever new barriers to education for disadvantaged youth.

Martin Guardado (Canada)
Exploring L1 Loss and Maintenance in Canada: Future Research Directions Focusing on Spanish-Speaking Immigrants - 30 min Conference Paper
Drawing on recent work on first language loss and maintenance, especially on that with a focus on Spanish, this paper highlights some of the issues that have emerged and describes a research program in the process of being designed based on some of those issues.

Beverly Gulley (Australia) Mitra Fallahi (United States)
Cohort Models in Graduate Education Programs - 30 min Conference Paper
A longitudinal research describing cohort models in teacher education.

Beverly Gulley (Australia) Mitra Fallahi (United States)
The Assessment Puzzle: How it affects students, teachers, administrators, and the role of policy makers - 30 min Conference Paper
Reviews how high stake standardized tests affect everyone in school and why policy makers insist on using them.

Phil Gunter (United States)
Efficacy of Self-Evaluation Formative Assessment Measures for Students with Behavioral Disorders: Empirical Investigations - 30 min Conference Paper
Results of investigations of students with behavioral disorders performance of formative evaluation measures on their own work will be presented.

David Gurr Dr Lawrence Drysdale (Australia)
Successful School Leadership: An Australian Perspective - Virtual Presentation
Shows the characteristics of school leadership and how they impact on school improvement and improved learning

Rob Guthrie (Australia) Dr Shelley Scott (Australia)
Exploring the Role of Leadership in Creating and Fostering Learning Communities within the Business Law Higher Education Situation: The Unit Effectiveness Program - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes how extensive student feedback is used to 'close the loop' on the delivery of business courses, when staff are required to use mechanisms to show how feedback has been used to improve outcomes.

Barbara Guzzetti (United States)
The Intertextual Lives of Punk Rock Adolescents - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores high school students' reactions to and actions surrounding punk rock texts as they cosntruct supporting texts.

Isa Hamzah (United Kingdom) Mohd Amin Embi
Online Learning-to-learn Model: Classroom Learners and Teachers Perceptions - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes the perception of a group of classroom learners and teachers regarding an online learning-to-learn model.

Han Mei (China)
Different School Cultures: Comparative Studies between Australia and China - 30 min Conference Paper
This research focuses on the differences between school cultures in Australia (representing advanced English speaking countries) and China (representing Asian countries where English is a foreign/second language).

Brian Hand (United States)
Examining the use of Writing-to-learn Strategies within Science Classrooms across Different Grade Levels - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports on a secondary analysis of seven studies on using writing to learn strategies within secondary school science classrooms. Results indicate that using non traditional writing types is beneficial in promoting students' conceptual understandings of the topics.

Paul T. Hanrahan (Australia)
Changing from a Culture of Practice to a Culture of Research’: A Story About Transition Experienced By Mature Lifelong Learners - Virtual Presentation
This is a story that characterises change and learning for a group of mature learners, whose background is ostensibly the tradition of practice, who are required to embrace an unfamiliar tradition of research. There has also been much learning by the university in question.

Paul Hansen
Communicative Spirals in Art Museums: The Artist as Action Researcher - 30 min Conference Paper
An action research study within an art museum context that involved adult community groups alongside professional artists in a joint exhibition project.

Sally Hansen (New Zealand)
Teacher Efficacy Beliefs - Change and Consistency?: An Exploration of Subject Specific Teacher Efficacy Beliefs - 30 min Conference Paper
The aim of the study was to further illuminate and refine teacher efficacy as both a construct and as a measure

Frank Hardman
Interactive Whole Class Teaching in the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper investigates the impact of the official endorsement of ‘interactive whole class teaching’ on the interaction and discourse styles of primary teachers while teaching the National Literacy Strategy (NLS) and National Numeracy Strategy (NNS). In both strategies, interactive whole class teaching is seen as an ‘active teaching’ model promoting high quality dialogue and discussion between teachers and pupils in which pupils are expected to play an active part in discussion by asking questions, contributing ideas and explaining and demonstrating their thinking to the class. Using a computerised observation schedule, discourse analysis and a teacher questionnaire, the paper explores the impact of the official endorsement of ‘interactive whole class teaching’ in the teaching of the NLS and NNS to see whether they are promoting higher levels of interaction and cognitive engagement by pupils. The findings suggest that the NLS and NNS are encouraging teachers to use more directive forms of teaching with little opportunities for pupils to explore and elaborate on their ideas. The implications of the findings are considered in the light of their impact on classroom pedagogy and the professional development of teachers who are charged with implementing the national policy-led initiatives like the NLS and NNS.

Joanne Hardman (South Africa)
Investigating how Teachers Use Computers to Mediate Learning in Underprivileged Grade 6 Mathematics Classrooms in the Western Cape, South Africa - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper presents preliminary findings regarding how teachers in the Western Cape, South Africa, use computers to mediate mathematics concepts to underprivileged grade 6 students in 3 rural and 3 urban schools.

Andrew Harvey (Australia)
Voice Among Many: Achieving Influence as an Educational Lobby Group - 30 min Conference Paper
An analysis of methods and strategies used by the Australian Council of Deans of Education to influence public policy

Paul Haspel (United States)
From Y2K to 9/11: Building a Learning Community in the English/Composition Classroom and Helping Students to Cope with Traumatic Historical Events - 30 min Conference Paper
By building a Learning Community in the English or composition classroom, an instructor can help students learn to use writing process to deal with traumatic historical events.

Barbara Hately-Broad (United Kingdom)
Problems & Good Practice in Education Provision for Adult Travellers: The Wakefield Kushti Project. - 30 min Conference Paper
A report of an on-going project focusing on embedded basic skills provision for adult travellers at a fixed site in Wakefield, West Yorkshire

Clive Hickson (United States)
Putting Education Back into P.E. - Virtual Presentation
Researchers have been able to determine effective classroom teaching practices that are related to positive learning outcomes.

Hiew Pang Leang (Malaysia) Michelle Ong (Malaysia)
Impact of Wireless Local Area Network to Education Institutions - Virtual Presentation
Study of impacts that WLAN has on education institutions from the behavioural and technical perspectives to deduce critical factors for education success.

Judy Higbee (United States)
The Value of Service Learning in Teacher Education: Raising the Awareness of the Importance of a Healthy Lifestyle - 30 min Conference Paper
University education students participated in service learning, raising their awareness of the value of healthy lifestyles.

Railton M Hill (Australia) Laura Ancilli (Australia) Laura Bregu Hougaz (Australia) Bruno Mascitelli (Australia) Tokuya Mizuno (Australia) Theresa Savage (Australia)
Three Australian Innovations in Language Education for Business Purposes - 30 min Conference Paper
In response to a university restructure which placed language teaching within the School of Business, teaching innovations have emerged which combine language and business learning, including major curriculum innovation, overseas work experience, and interactive web-based Japanese language acquisition techniques.

Bernard Hird (Australia)
What Actually are Foreign Language Teachers Trying to do in their Lessons? - 30 min Conference Paper
This study examines the views of language teachers themselves about what they do in their lessons and why they do what they do.

Loretta M. W. Ho (China) Carol K. K. Chan (China)
Fostering Students' Performance, Metacognition and Beliefs in Chinese Literacy Development through Cognitive Strategy Instruction: A Constructivist Approach - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper describes the impact of cognitive strategy instruction on students' performance, metacognition and beliefs in Chinese literacy development.

Loretta M. W. Ho (China) Dr Thomas K. W. Tang (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Carol K. K. Chan (China)
Building a Community of Learners on Individual Differences: A Social Constructivist Approach - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper describes how some teachers applied the social constructivism to develop their pupils with diverse aptitudes towards learning into communities of learners.

Nikola Hobbel (United States)
Imagining the Good Teacher: The Nature of Professional Knowledge - 30 min Conference Paper
The good teacher takes shape in the imagination of teacher education through language, the events of discourse. In this paper, I discuss the racialized meanings inherent in the circulation of professional knowledge as one aspect of constructing this imaginary person.

Eleni Hodolidou
Reading the Newly Established Second Chance Schools in Greece in the Framework of Basil Bernstein’s Theory - Virtual Presentation
Second Chance Schools in Greece through Basil Bernstein’s theory

Michael Hoechsmann (Canada)
From the Classroom to the Newsroom: Teaching Media Writing - 30 min Conference Paper
An analysis of a popular media project, both in relation to its pedagogy and its production.

Jeanne Holba Puacz (United States)
Technological Literacy: Training Reluctant Learners - 30 min Conference Paper
Technological literacy is an increasingly important issue in today’s society. How can we, as educators, help our students attain this literacy? Tested technology training methods will be explained and discussed.

Etta Hollins (United States) Shirlette Burks (United States)
The Urban Literacy Institute: Developing a Self-sustaining Learning Community Among Urban Teachers - 60 min Workshop
In the United States there is a need to better prepare teachers for under served students in urban settings.

Jacqueline R. Hookimaw-Witt (Canada)
Inninew Esquew nina [I am a Cree Woman]: Decolonizing Feminist Theories by Reclaiming and Interpreting the Traditional Role of the Omushkegowuk (Swampy Cree) Women - 30 min Conference Paper
Interpretation of the traditional role of Omushkegowuk women with implications of how to teach in a traditional way in order to reclaim the powerful status women had in Cree society.

Richard Hornsby (Canada)
Music lessons over IP networks: teaching music over the Internet - 30 min Conference Paper
The Internet presents many opportunites for learning. This project explains the pros and cons of an existing system for possible use for private music lessons

Neville J. Hosking (United States) Ann S. Teberg
Teacher Voices - Are We Listening?: Meeting the Challenges of Curriculum Reform by Rethinking Strategies for Teacher Support - 60 min Workshop
This paper addresses strategies to identify and support K-12 teachers' professional development needs for meeting the challenges of large-scale curriculum reform.

Laura Hougaz (Australia)
Online Learning in the Languages Curriculum - 30min Paper
The presentation will discuss using online learning as part of a flexible and learner-centred approach within the Italian language curriculum

Paul A. Howard-Jones (United Kingdom)
Neuroimaging as an Educational Research Methodology: A Pilot Study Using fMRI to Investigate Instructional Strategies Aimed at Enhancing Creativity - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports upon an attempt by educational researchers to work with experts in neuroimaging on a study aimed at answering: Can we teach creativity?

Ron Hoz (Israel)
Learning Tactics and Strategies, and Knowledge Representations Employed by Blind Students in Learning Verbal Materials - 30 min Conference Paper
Blind high school students employed 12 tactics, 4 knowledge representations and 2 learning strategies in learning verbal materials.

George G. Hruby (United States) Lionel J. Lemarchand (United States)
Transactional Emergence in Second-language Literacy Development: Illustrations of Applicability in a University French Language Course - 30 min Conference Paper
Developmental systems theory is used to explain the linguistic and cognitive development of collegiate French language learners.

Tzu-Yi Hsu (Taiwan)
Rethinking the Politics of Culture for National Integration - Virtual
Education functions as the mechanism to nurture younger generations, based on the vision of how a society should be.

Ginny Huang (United States) Glenn Morgan
Integration of Language and Content in Elementary World Language Classrooms? : Teachers’ Backgrounds, Beliefs, and Classroom Practices - 30 min Conference Paper
Investigates the status of integrated approach to teaching language and content at the elementary level in the US: teachers’ perspectives and instructional practices.

Ginny Huang (United States) Bruce Normandia Sandra Greer
Talking Math: Integrating Communication and Content Learning in Math: A Case Study of a Secondary Mathematics Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
A case study of a secondary math class where the teacher engages the students in talking math defined as doing math through the medium of language of math.

Huang Yi-Ying (Taiwan)
Teacher Change and Curriculum Integration: Three Stories From a Case Study - 30 min Conference Paper
In the context where three public high school teachers collaboratively developed and implemented an integrated curriculum module, the purpose of this qualitative research was then to probe the process of change through their experiencing and reflecting on curriculum integration. Research questions were as follows: 1. Did teachers change during the process of developing and implementing integrated curriculum? If so, what changes were shown in their beliefs and classroom practices? 2. How did teachers' experiencing and reflecting upon curriculum integration relate to their changes in beliefs and classroom practices? 3. How did they interpret their changes and develop their own meaning of curriculum integration? Findings were interpreted through three teacher change stories. They revealed that teachers' reflection focuses included retrospection, deliberation, emancipation, reflection-in-action and conscious awareness; they were aware of their own changes and interpreted curriculum integration as the integration of the self, differences between teachers, and knowledge.

Hui Diane (United States)
Managing Intersubjectivity in the Context of a Museum Learning Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
Investigating the pedagogical significance of managing intersubjectivity within the zone of proximal development in museum learning.

Gail Humphries Mardirosian (United States) Lynn Fox (United States)
Literacy Learning Intervention for At-risk Students through Arts-based Instruction: A Case Study of the Imagination Quest Model - 60 min Workshop
Literacy learning intervention for at-risk students through arts-based instruction: a case study of the imagination quest (IQ) model.

Stephenson Humphries-Brooks (United States)
Of Inquiry-Coaching in the Liberal Arts Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
The inquiry-coaching model of teaching applied to the college classroom. I highlight beneficial shifts in teacher and student roles.

Darline Hunter (United States)
Counselilng Emotionally Disturbed Children with Pet Therapy - Virtual Presentation
The use of pet therapy in the counseling of emotionally disturbed children provides the child with a "connection" which is highly therapeutic

Dr Judy Hunter (New Zealand)
Language, Literacy, and Knowledge at Work: Learning Work in an Urban Hotel - Virtual Presentation
This paper looks at how workplace knowledge is constructed through language and literacy practices in a large urban hotel.

Habsah Hussin (Malaysia)
Developing Student-teachers into Life-long Learners: A Malaysian Educational Perspective - Virtual Presentation
Developing student-teachers into lifelong learners.

Assoc Prof Dr Sufean Hussin (Malaysia)
Educational Innovations in Secondary Schools in Malaysia - 30 min Conference Paper
Literature is abundant with innovations made in the business, industrial and technological sectors, but it is scarce with innovations in the education sector, even though there is an abundance of innovations of all sorts made by educators and managers in the education system of many countries in the world. Educational innovations cover a wide range of affairs, from the pre-school level to the post-graduate study level, from finance to human resource, from school uniform to textbooks and examinations, from school safety to school climate, and from student development to community development. It seems that there is a lack of sharing of innovative ideas among educators worldwide.

Dr. Lynn M Hutchinson (United States) Dr Joseph Rochford
Expanded Community: Introducing Pre-Service Teaching into a Global Virtual Community - 60 min Workshop
A partnership of schools and universities in Stark County, Ohio, with their counterparts in the Western Galilee, has been created to increase technological expertise and to share teaching and learning methodologies among pre-service teachers.

Susan E. Hutchison (Canada)
The Crisis of Public Schooling in a Postmodern Society: An Exploration of Solutions: School Choice or a More Far Reaching Alternative - 60 min Workshop
This paper outlines pressures on schooling in the 21st century and considers alternatives for a reorganization of schooling within the context of a postmodern society.

Monica Hyams (Australia)
Outside The Learning Curve: The Importance of Leisure Learning - 60 min Workshop
Children spend a great deal of their day in a formal learning environment. The Outside School Hours sector exposes children to a rewarding educative environment.

Emery J. Hyslop-Margison (United States)
The Failure of Critical Thinking: Virtue Epistemology as a Pedagogical Alternative - 30 min Conference Paper
In this paper, I will argue that the lack of success enjoyed by critical thinking instruction arises from significant conceptual and epistemological errors.

Fazilah Idris (Malaysia) Zuraidah Ali
The Education of Man: A Quest of Excellence in the University Setting - 30 min Conference Paper
Malaysia, as a developing country, is moving toward a more holistic approach in producing undergraduates who are indeed the valuable assets and resources of the future.

Dr Sylvia S. L. Ieong (Macao Special Administrative Region of China)
Wine and Poetry: Diversity and Affinity for Cross-cultural Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Studies the diversity and affinity in 'wine and poetry' in distinct cultures and explores prospects of using poetry for cross-cultural education.

Peter Ingle (United States)
The Learning Process and WebCT - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation provides one teachers experience with using WebCT in college courses in Education. Presentation focuses on the instructors learning experience, decisions about components within WebCT, and impact on student learning. Presentation is intended to promote discussion about usage of this technology and its impact on learning.

Dr Michael Anthony Ingram (United States)
The Use of Sociocultural Poetry to Assist Counselors and Teachers Develop Empathy for the Lived Experiences of Children of Color - 60 min Workshop
Sociocultural poetry used in conjunction with a counselor empathy model can be used to assist counselors and teachers develop empathy for the lived experiences of Children of Color.

Hadzariah Ismail (Malaysia) Roziana Ibrahim (Malaysia)
The Changing Facets of Higher Education: UNITAR’s Teaching & Learning Model - Virtual Presentation
This paper will describe the UNITAR’s T&L model and practices. The scope of the discussion will be based on the course Algorithms and Data Structures. The paper will reveal how UNITAR’s T&L model is workable and doable within the course and still meets with the country’s needs and aspirations.

Ismi Arif Ismail (United Kingdom)
Parent Teacher Association As Learning Organisation: The Malaysian Experience - Virtual Presentation
The paper discusses the need for carving the learning organisation in Parent Teacher Association (PTA).The study unmasked the nature of learning organisation in PTA and how it can be sustained as one of the organisations of the future.

Maizatul Akmar Ismail (Malaysia)
ICT-LitPro: A community-based initiative on implementing a national curriculum on Information Communication Technologies Literacy - 30 min Paper
Reports on the initiative by a community-based organization in Malaysia towards the first stage of a whole school ICT literacy program (ICT-LitPro) which addresses the diversity within the school and aligns effective teaching and learning practices that can be replicated nationwide. Also presents a taxonomy of curricular goals and model of academic standards aimed at developing the ICT literacy and how the the taxonomy and model has been applied to the ICT curriculum of ICT-LitPro at a selected secondary school in the community. Describes the views why there is a need to move ICT literacy as a subject form, as well as to continue integrating it into the present Malaysian secondary school curriculum.

Bill Israel (United States)
Information Technology Across the Curriculum --: The University of Massachusetts Amherst and the Commonwealth Information Technology Initiative (CITI) - 30 min Conference Paper
IT's central feature, its ubiquity, is perhaps also its greatest challenge to higher education. When IT is, literally, everywhere, what's the greatest contribution higher education can make in its teaching and application? After several years of study, educators across the Commonwealth of Massachusetts decided: IT across-the-curriculum programs, in every public college and university, every discipline, for every interested student. The first of the programs debuted this fall, with an all-campus IT Minor at UMass Amherst – the first minor open to every student, in every college, in every discipline. The UMass program is being joined by programs developing in the state's 29 public institutions. The presentation will trace the idea's development against other leading IT curricula in public institutions, review its adoption across the state of Massachusetts, and present data to gauge performance to date.

Jackling Beverley (Australia) Clowes Courtney (Australia)
Perceptions of the first year experience at university: Implications for choice of major area of study - Virtual Presentation
Academic challenges of first-year studies, academic application to study, intention to major in accounting and perceptions of the learning environment.

Bronwyn James David McInnes
Engaging with the Personal: Theories of Writing Meet Theories of the Body - 30 min Conference Paper
An exploration of how theories of the body might figure in writing pedagogies, practice and policies in an Australian university context.

Ramlah Jantan (Malaysia)
Critical Thinking, Academic Achievement: The Relationship - 30 min Conference Paper
This study try to find out the relationship of critical thinking scores and academic achievement of the student in one of the local university.

Michael Johnson (United States)
"Logs for Latin and learning for life" - 30 min Conference Paper
The unexpected outcome of using homework logs in conjunction with a student-authored Latin website project.

Pat Johnson (Australia)
Developing Learning Communities with emerging groups in NSW, Australia: A Community development approach - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper will examine the application of a community development approach to emerging in the identification, course design and teaching courses specific to the learning needs and styles of minority communities

Dr Deneese L. Jones (United States)
An Examination of Early Reading Intervention Instructional Practices with Diverse Groups for the Primary Grades - 30 min Conference Paper
This session is designed to share findings of a 27-month study of Kentucky's Early Reading Incentive Grants for schools and districts within the Commonwealth. We will exam the beliefs and practices of teachers for struggling readers and discuss the importance of model fidelity in reading interventions that consider issues of cultural responsiveness.

Dianne Jones (United States) Diana Mungai (United States)
Technology-enabled Teaching for Maximum Learning - Virtual Presentation
Think back to your favorite classroom instructors. They were probably exceptional in creating an interactive environment that leveraged the different ways in which people learn and that afforded ample time for self-discovery. Want to be that kind of instructor today? New learning technologies and research on learning styles provide instructors with more tools than ever to create a rich classroom experience. This session explores technology-enabled teaching strategies that bring students and content together in new and powerful ways. Attendees will learn how to: digitized videos, create exciting PowerPoint materials, develop interactive student guides, educational games, and other innovative technology-enabled teaching ideas.

Dr Lone M. Jorgensen (New Zealand) Sally Hansen (New Zealand)
Effective Teacher Education: The X Factor? - 30 min Conference Paper
Identifying essential critical success factors within a teacher training course from the trainee's perspective.

HC Koo (China)
Impact of Information Technology on Curriculum with Special Reference to Primary Mathematics in Hong Kong - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is part of the captioned research and aims at investigating and assessing the effect of information technology in education on learning and teaching including the academic performance of primary students in Hong Kong. The research has been carried out since 1997 and has several components. First, a questionnaire was used to collect the views and attitudes of educators in Hong Kong to the use of IT. Second, the research methodology also consisted of case studies. Three primary schools at different levels of IT implementation were visited to examine the effect of using IT on learning and teaching. The writer also included his experience as inspector of schools. The third component of the research focused on the analysis of the use of IT in 30 primary schools inspected in the school year 2000/01 to ascertain the impact of IT on the academic performance of students in Hong Kong.

Mariusz Kakolewicz (Poland)
External Structures of Knowledge – the New Strategy and Technology of Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
A new strategy of learning supporting mental precesses and reconstructing individual cognitive structures by making media notes and organizing them into multidimensional hypermedia structures is described.

Clive Kanes (Australia)
Learning and the Mediation of Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper outlines a critique of Lave and Wenger's concept of learning as legitimate peripheral participation. It works from the historical materialist perspectives of cultural-historical activity theory.

Ellen W. Kaplan (United States)
Devising the Story: Transforming Personal Narrative through Play - 30 min Conference Paper
Narrative influences the construction of a meaningful self. The healing power of story for personal and collective self is magnified by the artifice of telling the tale on stage.

Dr Madge Karecki
An Empty Throne: New Opportunities for Reconsidering the Role of Theology in Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
The contextual theology being taught by the Department of Missiology at the University of South Africa offers fresh insights into the role theology plays in higher education.

Faridah Karim Ramlee Mustapha Ruhizan Mohd Yasin A. Wahab Muhamud Sobri Takriff
Building Malaysia National Competitiveness: The Need for Learning Organization - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will discuss the critical factors regarding the organizational culture and the capabilities of Malaysian workers in coping with the challenges of the new economy.

Lefkothea Kartasidou (Greece) Anna Sampsonidis (Greece)
Educational Implementations for the Promotion of a Global Culture in an Inclusive Society - 30 min Conference Paper
Globalization and inclusiveness, inferring to opposite yet complimentary meanings, sameness/diversity, and their integration into the educational system

Paul Kauffman (Australia) Duncan Kauffman (Australia)
Knowledge Managers of Successful Firms: An Educational Model for Post-literate Societies - 30 min Conference Paper
Multicultural skills, gender and special qualities of senior managers of 'successful' multinational firms are surveyed, to construct a new educational model.

Allan V. Kaufman (United States) Dr Jordan I. Kosberg (United States)
Attracting Students Into Gerontological Social Work Careers - 30 min Conference Paper
Strategies are presented for enhancing gerontological social work education and for attracting social work students to professional practice in aging.

Anne Kaufman (United States)
Paideia Seminars: Putting Students in Charge of the Conversation - 60 min Workshop
Paideia (pie-day-a)(Adler, 1982) is a comprehensive, educationally sound program that is being implemented in over 200 schools worldwide. Paideia philosophy promotes effective teaching techniques.

Dr. Cathy Kaufman (United States)
This paper presents a case study evaluation of five features in a new university program for preparing school administrators.

Geoffrey Kaye (Australia)
The Internet Brings Education Home for Everyone - Virtual Presentation
The Internet provides a powerful medium for bringing quality education at minimal cost to both developed and developing communities.

Lynda Kelly (Australia)
What Does Learning Mean?: Museum Visitors Talk About Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
Learning is essential to our existence, a fundamental part of humanity. It is an individual and social process that humans are constantly engaged in, both consciously and unconsciously. Learning occurs across a wide range of contexts and situations, in both formal and informal settings, including museums. In studying learning, however, much of the emphasis has been on what, where and how people learn. There has been little research that seeks to uncover why people learn and how they view themselves as a learner across a variety of learning contexts. My research question is How do adult museum visitors describe learning, with a number of qualitative and quantitative studies undertaken. This paper will present detailed results from this research that contribute to answering questions about what learning means and where it happens from the learner’s perspective.

Teresa J Kennedy (United States)
NASA Programs Enhance Content-based Language Learning - Virtual Presentation
NASA programs integrate areas of science, math, social studies and technology into language classrooms. The International Space Station and the International GLOBE Program will be highlighted.

Kate Kiefer (United States)
Enhancing Classroom Community through Electronic Discussion - Virtual Presentation
One of the claims for computer-assisted courses since the late 1980s is that they give students options to extend learning outside the classroom. Given the more recent move toward hybrid and fully online courses, the classroom itself has fewer and fewer physical limits. In the move toward extending the classroom, however, we have not often looked systematically and carefully at what we give up in terms of classroom community. Comparing electronic forum postings for two graduate courses—one hybrid and one classroom-based with computer support—allows us to put one concern to rest. Students in both these contexts used electronic communications to increase their participation in the course and to build both strong personal and class-community identities.

Kathleen P. King (United States)
Designing Pathways for Adult Learning: A Model for Creating Transformative Learning Opportunities - Virtual Presentation
This paper introduces a dynamic research-based instructional design model that has several dimensions and purposes to facilitate transformative learning opportunities.

Cameron M Kiosoglous (United States)
The World Is Our Classroom: The Media's Influence on Lifelong Learning - A Global Perspective - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper presents the media's influence on learning, answering questions like why is the media significant to educators, and what are considerations to be aware and wary of for the future.

Kate Kirk (United Kingdom)
An Inclusive Approach to Support for Learning: Integrating the Support for Learning of a Diverse Student Body in the Curricullum - 30 min Conference Paper
The focus is on inclusive approaches to learning and teaching where support for learning is integrated into the curriculum, is offered as universal rather than remedial and has been developed in response to student feedback and evaluation.

Klima (Uzbekistan)
Uzbekistan: Making Education Affordable to all: Ensuring Sustainability of Education Reforms through Developing Self-financed Revolving Schemes - 30 min Conference Paper
Textbook Rental Scheme was a perfect solution for the country where the funding of basic textbooks was completely shifted to students and parents

Michele Knight (New Zealand) Mana Cracknell (New Zealand) Brigid McBrien (New Zealand)
Learning Past the Box: What Learning Means for Indigenous Peoples - 60 min Workshop
Is it possible for a university to understand what learning means to an indigenous community and create real world learning that is relevant? We outline some of the processes, theories and ideas we have put into practice over the last six years. This paper explores politics, issues, heartaches, joys, anger and frustration, excitement, different learning paths of a university and indigenous peoples.

Sharon Kossack (United States) Eric Dwyer (United States) Hilary Landorf (United States)
Authentic Academics: Academically Embedded Service Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
Academically embedded service learning projects benefit others as students concomitantly learn academics, e.g. reading, social studies, science.

Sharon Kossack (United States) Eric Dwyer (United States) Hilary Landorf (United States) Luis Martinez-Perez (United States) Cengiz Alacaci
Scaffolding Expository Writing: Text Patterns to Text Skeletons - 60 min Workshop
Students who read as an author, identifying text grammar for key text patterns in order to explore a variety of ways of structuring paragraphs, gain deeper levels of comprehension while concomitantly improve their writing.

Vassilis Kourbetis (Greece)
Deaf Education in Greece:: The DEAFWAY - Virtual Presentation
This Deaf approach to educational reform in Greece, is based on the opinions and information that the Deaf community members shared with us.

Michael Kourkoulos (Greece)
Teaching Periodic Decimals in Tertiary Education - Virtual Presentation
This research point out that the work on the periodic decimals can lead the students to a more profound understanding of the decimal system and of the operation of division.

Elmarie Kritzinger (South Africa)
Information Security Education in Non-Technical aspects of IT - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper highlights the importance of information security awareness, education and training among employees in any organisation.

Julian Kunnie (United States)
The Transformative Power of Education: Indigenous Cultural Approaches - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will demonstrate how Indigenous Cultural Approaches can revolutionize existing educational paradigms and furnish the necessary ingredients for transforming the currently and generally oppressive system of Western neo-colonial education.

Peter Kutnick (United Kingdom)
Pupil Groupings in Classrooms, Social Pedagogy and the Promotion of Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
As all pupils in classes are placed in some form of grouping throughout their classroom life, it is curious that studies of teaching and learning within classrooms rarely consider the multi-dimensional effects of social context involving within-class groupings. Groupings in which pupils are placed may be a simple designation for seating or may have a collaborative purpose (cognitive discussion); hence they are social pedagogic sites. Existing studies of classroom groupings fall into two camps: naturalistic descriptions of classroom activity (e.g. Galton et al, 1999; Pollard et al, 2000); and experimental studies of co-operative, collaborative and cognitive learning (Slavin, 1990; Johnson & Johnson, 1987; Webb, 1989; Mercer et al, 1999). While both camps offer pedagogic insight, they rarely question the link between grouping and classroom learning. This study maps the occurrence of pupils grouping in English primary schools and questions whether grouping is likely to promote or hinder interaction and learning.

Deresah Lahom (Malaysia)
Improving Education in Malaysia through Technology: Case Study in Perak Malaysia - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will discuss use of technology as an integral part of the curriculum and being encouraged and supported as new curriculum.

Mike Lambert (United Kingdom)
Evaluating the Impact of Out-of-School Programmes for Able and Gifted Pupils: Issues Arising from Investigation in England - 30 min Conference Paper
Presents initial findings of evaluation of out-of-school learning programmes for able school pupils in England; discusses issues for evaluation of initiatives in this field.

Helen Langford (Canada) Susan Stuart (Canada) Cherylynne Gore (Canada)
Accommodation, Change and Growth: Implementing Computer Technology into Existing Courses at a Faculty of Education - 60 min Workshop
An exploration of the changes in teaching strategies, roles, and attitudes of a teaching methodology professor, a mathematics education professor and a student teacher candidate that take place when accommodating a computer laptop program in existing courses at a Faculty of Education.

Diane Lapp (United States)
An Investigation of Elementary School Teachers' Selection and Reasons for Using Preferred Assessments to Diagnose and Plan Subsequent Instruction - 30 min Conference Paper
The intent was to examine elementary school teachers’ selection and use of assessment measures as a means to plan subsequent instruction.

Gerald Laronde (Canada)
Aboriginal Teacher Certification Program: Historical and Personal Perspectives - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes the Aboriginal Teacher Certification Program at Nipissing University, Canada. Native Teachers were interviewed to determine why they became a teacher.

Jan Laugharne (United Kingdom)
Strawberries for Mavis in Wales: Word Play as Metalinguistic Knowledge - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will examine the metalinguistic knowledge available to pupils who are bilingual

Virginia Lea (United States) Erma Jean Sims (United States)
Becoming an Anti-racist Teacher: Addressing Whiteness in Learning Communities - 60 min Workshop
In this session, largely framed by critical pedagogy, participants will be lead through a series of activities designed to address the ways in which whiteness impacts what goes on in learning communities. Participants will first define whiteness as a cultural script for themselves. Next, through poetry, autobiographical narrative, and dialogue, participants will explore the complex and often contradictory cultural scripts that they draw on to make sense of certain educational contexts, and to develop their own practice. They will then look at the ways in which these cultural scripts are an expression of whiteness. Finally, participants will share their ideas as to the collective and individual action they may take to address whiteness in learning communities.

Dr Judy Leavell (United States)
Pre-Service Field Placement and Technology Integration: Integral Components of Teacher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Describes a ten-year progression of a field-based teacher education program and associated technology experiences.

Sally Leavold (Australia)
Youth Re-Engaging with Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will examine the reasons why young people who left school early and have not completed their schooling but return to a TAFE environment have difficulty re-engaging with learning.

Anita Lee Hong (Australia) Dr Jane Cousins
Addressing the challenges: Indigenous students in Australian Higher - 30 min Conference Paper
A case study from the Indigenous Community Management and Development Program highlighting successful strategies for attaining completion of tertiary study.

Candis L. K. Lee (United States)
Reconceptualizing Active Learning in the Higher Educational Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
Reconceptualizing active learning in the higher educational classroom needs to include the variable of silence rather than only participation.

Carmen K. M. Lee (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Literacy Events and Literacy Practices from the Hong Kong Chinese Perspective: The Case of SMS Texting - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper revisits the concepts of Literacy Events and Literacy Practices through anlaysing mobile texting in Hong Kong.

Stella Lee (United States)
User Centered Design: A Case Study at Duke University - 60 min Workshop
This workshop will share our experience of implementing a user-centered course web site at the Center for Instructional Technology at Duke University. It will focus on presenting usability and information design issues and their relationship to functionality in the context of access and use of web content for all users. Attention will be directed to designing navigation style, color scheme, labeling, information architecture, and user testing. Tips, tools, challenges, and strategies for designing and maintaining a usable web site will be shared and discussed.

Dr Sebi Lekalakala-Mokgele (South Africa)
A Model for Facilitation in Nursing Education: Model Development - 30 min Conference Paper
Four schools of Nursing South Africa using non-traditional approaches of learning were visited with the purpose of identifying the needs of both the learners and the facilitators/educators in regard to facilitation as a teaching/learning approach. Focus group interviews were conducted with both facilitators and the learners. Emerging form the results was that facilitation was a new process to facilitators because they were trained to lecture and not to facilitate. There were several issues that challenged the facilitators and those which were an advantage to them. The learners were also frustrated by this process of facilitation in the beginning of their learning which changed as they began understanding the process. They mentioned aspects which they expected of a facilitator and these included personality, relationships, skills and the roles that the facilitator should possess to enable them to learn. An extensive literature study was done to confirm the results and analyse the data and thereafter a model was designed.

Jonathan A. Lembright (United States)
Developmental Influences of Study Abroad Experiences in Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores the personal, intellectual, and societal impacts of cross-cultural educational experiences in higher education.

Kristin Lems (United States)
Hip-hop and HOTS: Practicing Higher-Order Thinking Skills through Popular Culture - 60 min Workshop
Using cultural materials from the "agora" can successfully translate into cognitive and academic activity. Music and the arts can reach disaffected youth and newcomers like nothing else!

Ansie Lessing & Mariaan Odendaal (South Africa)
The Influence of Paired Reading on the Relationship between the Parent and the Learner with Reading Disabilities - 30 min Conference Paper
Parent-child relationship is important in the socio-emotional development. Interaction between parent and child is researched within the context of paired reading, to ascertain the influence on the relationship.

Nic Lessing (South Africa) Ansie Lessing (South Africa)
The Supervision of Research for Dissertations and Theses - 60 min Workshop
South African higher institutions are engaged in rapid transformation processes.

Julie Lester (United States)
Helping Solve the Teacher Shortage: Preparing Teachers with Online Instruction - 60 min Workshop
A growing teacher shortage combined with low enrolment in traditional education programs presents a challenge for universities to recruit and graduate a new community of learners.

Wai Lun Anthony Leung (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Lifelong and Lifewide Learning: Curriculum Integration for Teachers or Students? - Virtual Presentation
"Lifelong and Lifewide Learning" has been highlighted as a key element of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s recent curriculum reform after its new identity as part of China after 1997. It is proposed that the reformed school curriculum should help students to achieve the educational aims of promoting learning to learn and whole-person development. In implementing these changes, the curriculum reform in Hong Kong appears to be moving in the direction with a shift away from a subject-based curriculum towards greater integration for an open and flexible curriculum framework. In many local schools the so-called “integrated curriculum” is still teacher-centered and authentic curriculum integration, which caters for student needs for lifelong and lifewide learning, rarely exists. This paper considers the difficulties that school teachers may encounter in seeking to implement a programme of school-based curriculum integration and the approaches to overcoming these obstacles will be examined.

Angela Lewis (Australia)
ICTs and Women : Unintentional Cyber-purdah in the Global Village? - Virtual Presentation
There is widespread apprehension surrounding the digital revolution with many people predicting that society will continue to be splintered into a race of information haves and have-nots, knowers and know-nots - in short - a digital divide; a description for inequalties in access to and utlisation of information and communication technologies (ICTs). This paper is concerned with the concept of a digital divide examined from a gender perspective.

Dr Consuella Lewis (United States) Dr Sharon Bailey (United States)
Higher Education from the Margins: Privileging Access and Limiting Choice, Whom Shall be Educated? - 30 min Conference Paper
The challenge of changing demographics, and the diverse composition of the United States? newest immigrants from the global village have served to illuminate the dissonance between democratic practices and democracy as an ideology.

Cynthia Lewis (United States) Elizabeth Birr Moje (United States)
Socio-cultural Perspectives meet Critical Theories: Producing Knowledge through Multiple Frameworks - 60 min Workshop
We will use data from two studies to reconceptualize socio-cultural theory in a way that foregrounds the dynamic power relationships between the social and individual.

Dayou Li (United Kingdom)
Structure of an Internet-based CAL system - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper presents structural considerations regarding the functional and non-functional requirements of an Internet-based CAL system.

Ming-Gon John Lian
Family Needs and Parental Expectations for Children with Different Levels of Learning Difficulties - 30 min Conference Paper
Hong Kong school systems recently went through a series of curriculum reform.

Helen Liedel (Australia)
A 2000 km Road Trip From Perth to Kalgoorlie Via Esperance And Back:: Addressing regional disadvantage in education - 30 min Conference Paper
Presentation on an action research project seeking to increase university enrolment for a BSW among residents in the Goldfields region of Western Australia

Dan Lim (United States)
Do Learning Games Improve Grades? : A 2-Year Campus-wide Study - Virtual Presentation
Objectives and purposes: To assess if Flash learning games help improve learning and grades among students at the University of Minnesota, Crookston.

Vivien Linington (South Africa) Pamela Nichols (South Africa)
Writing your way into a new South Africa: "Intersubjectivity" and cultural dynamism in a University-based Writing Centre - 30 min Conference Paper
A Writing Centre approach to the teaching of writing where "intersubjectivity" and cultural dynamism are enhanced can promote student development and inform the University’s transformation process

Wan-Chen Liu (Taiwan)
Art Museum Educators' Learning in Their Professional Development - 30 min Conference Paper
The importance of museum educators role and function has not been paid much attention in museums in Taiwan.

Lesley Ljungdahl (Australia)
The English Language and Linguistic Imperialism: The Trojan Horse? - 30 min Conference Paper
The spread of the English language is linked to linguistic imperialism. The emergence of World Englishes has implications for language acquisition and language teaching.

Dr Kay Losey (United States) Hermann Kurthen (United States)
Dispelling Myths: Facts for Developing an Appropriate Language Education Policy in Immigrant Nations - 30 min Conference Paper
There is an oft-expressed opinion in immigration nations such as the U.S. and Germany that with the recent increases in immigration, there has been a decrease in proficiency in the host language among their immigrant populations. But analyses and comparisons of data from two large-scale surveys reveal that such opinions could not be further from the truth.

Ken Lountain (Australia)
Curriculum Renewal and Transformation - 60 min Workshop
This workshop will describe the central role of equity considerations in the South Australian curriculum framework.

Gail Love (United States)
Using the Power of Entertainment to Educate: Entertainment-Education Strategy in the Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
A discussion of the efficacy of the entertainment-education strategy of communication in formal and non-formal education.

Douglas Luckie (United States)
C-Tools: Concept-Connector Tools for Online Learning in Science - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation will highlight the results of the first year of this study including both the software development effort that created a self-scoring concept mapping tool (, as well as the results of it’s use in introductory science courses.

Dr David Luechauer (United States) Dr Holly H. Brower
Let Us Tell You A Tale: Using “Parables” To Enhance Management Education - Virtual Presentation
Authors present the value of using parables as teaching tools and provide 2 examples.

Leah Lui-Chivizhe (Australia) Katrina Thorpe (Australia)
When Content Gets in the Way: Teaching Australian Indigenous Studies - 30 min Conference Paper
Fusing Indigenous knowledges with social justice pedagogy: from content to process in the teaching and learning of Australian Indigenous Studies.

Rose Marie Lynch (United States) Dorene Perez (United States)
Making Industry, and Other Workplaces, Meaningful in College - Virtual Presentation
Making Industry Meaningful in College is an adaptable concept for teaming students from varied fields in projects that more than mimic the work world.

Lamont Lyons (United States)
Will Beginning Teacher Standards Produce McChoakumchild? - 30 min Conference Paper
The standards and testing movement and the beginning teacher standards may be dangerously close to producing the school Dickens hated (Hard Times).

SA’ADAH MASRUKIN (Malaysia) Siow Heng Loke (Malaysia)
A Cognitive Pathway in Learning Chemistry: A Case Study of the Conceptual Change among Malaysian Students in Electrochemistry - 30 min Conference Paper
A proposed cognitive pathway to show-how students' conceptual change is affected by formal instructions in Chemistry in the classroom.

Hongyan Ma (United States) Xubin Cao (China) Yong Lu (United States)
Fostering Deeper Learning: LearningSpace 5.0 in a Chinese University - Virtual Presentation
Surveys in a Chinese university, an early adopter of LearningSpace in China, will reveal challenges of deeper learning in Chinese higher education.

Dr L. Ma (Sweden)
Active Learning in Mathematics - Virtual Presentation
Active Learning in Mathematics is a project that has been carried out at Linkoping University in Sweden. In this paper we present various aspects of the project.

Margaret Mackey (Canada)
Daily Media Experience among Young Adults - 30 min Conference Paper
This session will report on a small number of young adults, aged 18+, and their selection of and engagement with different media.

Granger Macy (United States) Cornelia Rae (United States)
Stimulating Issue Conflict to Support Engaged Student Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines the use of conflict-generating strategies in the classroom and how to encourage active and engaged student learning.

Dr Mohsen Madi (United States) Dr Ahmed Guessoum (United Arab Emirates)
Teaching Computer Science in North America and in the Gulf Countries: The Widening Gap - 30 min Conference Paper
The work presented here tackles an issue which has been on the minds of many academics in the Gulf countries that have been educated in the west: Why is the gap widening between students of computer science that graduate from North American universities, and students who graduate from universities in the Gulf countries? Through the results of several surveys conducted on large samples of students both in the United States and the UAE, we are able to probe deep into the roots of the problem, a step that is necessary for the emergence of positive solutions.

Lawry Mahon (Australia)
Remote Education: Failing the Children - 30 min Conference Paper
The average stay of teachers in remote Aboriginal communities in the NT is well under a year. Children's literacy levels are minimal. This paper looks at some of the possible causes, and at those who could change it all.

Rahil Mahyuddin
Students' Perceptions towards their Teachers' Behaviour - Virtual Presentation
This paper is based on the findings of a small qualitative research using university students as subjects. The open-ended questions required them to answer on topics such as lecturers attitude towards their work and students. They were also asked on the teaching aspects of their lecturers.

Cheryl Mallen (Canada)
Preparing the 1st Year Higher Education Student Mindset for the Knowledge-based Era - 30 min Conference Paper
Preparation provided today may affect the success rate of each student in the knowledge-based era of change.

Claire Mallord (United Kingdom)
A Research Report into the Reading Habits of Pupils Across the Key Stage 2 to 3 Transition in English - Virtual Presentation
A Short Report of a BPRS project into the reading habits of pupils in Years 6 and 7.

Tshidi Mamabolo (South Africa)
The Seeds of Literacy: Sustaining Early Childhood Literacy in a Marginalised South African Community - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is a teacher narrative of a three year struggle to build relationships between students, their households and school in a poor community.

Mariangela Marcello (Australia)
Learning and the Learner: A Smooth, Regenerating and Constructive Love Story - 30 min Conference Paper
The itinerary starting from our own perception of our reality followed by our own response to it, once we wandered through the meanders of the 'other's' perception of both our response and his own reality, is long, mysterious, intriguing, charming and awesome.

Dr. Betty Marcoux (United States)
Identity and Cultural Understandings of the Professional in the School Library:: The Nomenclature Influences on K-12 learning perceptions - 30 min Conference Paper
The name of the professional in the school library often reflects and influences the understanding of this role in terms of K-12 information services to children and youth in a school setting.

Sugumar Mariappanadar (Australia)
Can Management Students' Learning Expectation Influence Perceived Learning Effectiveness? - An Empirical Study Using Teacher and Learner Focused Approach - Virtual Presentation
An explorative research to understand how different teaching methods help to achieve perceived learning effectiveness among students with varied learning expectations.

Isabel Marques (Portugal)
Virtual Inter-culturality: E-Learning applied to Foreign/ Second Languages Teaching - Virtual Presentation
This virtual presentation focus on E-Learning applied to foreign and second languages teaching, which is seen as a potentially democratising, personalising and collaborative teaching methodology.

Martell Sandra Toro (United States)
A Critique of Susan Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Children - 30 min Conference Paper
A critique of Susan Harter’s Self-Perception Profile test and attempt to unearth some of the underlying assumptions implicit in the construction, layout and use of the test.

Dr Betsan Martin (New Zealand) Dr Maria Humphries (New Zealand)
The Cosmic Waka: A Metaphor from the Pacific for Learning to Work with Differences - 60 min Workshop
This workshop will present for discussion and practice in groups the use of metaphor for learning about working with differences, be they cultural, gender, theoretical and so forth.

Dr John Martino (Australia)
Schooling and Political Form: New Learning and the Quest for Social Discipline - 30 min Conference Paper
I this paper the author presents a critical interpretation of the promotion of "new learning in Australian education" and links its apparent success to the globasisation project of the liberal-capitalist state.

Dr Linda H. Mason (United States)
Empowering Students' Writing: Cases from Migrant and Urban Classrooms - 60 min Workshop
Effects of a combined strategic instructional approach within Writer's Workshop for diverse students who struggle with writing will be discussed.

Dr Linda H. Mason (United States)
Self-regulating Students' Strategies for Reading: Effects on 5th-grade Students' Expository Text Comprehension - 60 min Workshop
Effects of self-regulating strategies for expository text comprehension performance of 5th grade students who struggle with reading will be described.

Dr. J Brett Massie (United States)
Athletic Training Education: Are We Adequately Preparing Our Students to Practice Athletic Training - Virtual Presentation
The purpose of this study was to determine (a) if students are being prepared by their educational programs for an entry level position in athletic training; (b) to examine which are areas of deficiency as compared to the five domains of athletic training; and (c) to determine what role the program type, Curriculum or Internship, has upon the professional preparedness of those students. The results of the study indicated that students were being adequately prepared by their athletic training educational programs and clinical/field experiences for entry-level employment.

Nazirah Mat Sin (Malaysia) Che Zulkhairi Abdullah (Malaysia) Forest Lim (Malaysia)
Instructional Design: Using Knowledge Mapping (GIS Concept) for Mobile Experiences - Virtual Presentation
Instructional Design development for Nursing College in Malacca, Malaysia. This experiment with Microsoft XP Office template with alternative representative technologies, and alternative input devices is targeted for this purpose – Nursing College Instructors rapid content development and deployment.

Yoshimi Matsuda (Australia)
Curriculum for Tolerance: Cognitive and Affective Processes - Virtual Presentation
Examines the effects of a course in socio-cognitive psychology designed to increase understanding of cultural diversity in belief systems.

Barbara Matthews
Uncle Ho and Teachers in the New Millenium.: Student Centred Teaching and Learning in the Developing World : Praxis, Ethics and Politics. - Virtual Presentation
This paper is based on an intensive course of professional development for a group of fifty third year undergraduate students in the Foreign Language Faculty at Qui Nhon University, Binh Dinh Province, Central Vietnam. On completing the fourth year of study and practicuum they will be English teachers mainly in the rural areas of the province.

Maree Matthews (Australia)
Researching the Reggio Emilian Approach in the Australian Early Childhood context: The role of the Pedagogista - An Enquiry into Early Childhood Teachers' practice - 60 min Workshop
This presentation critiques the role of the 'Pedagogista' and how it benefits teachers' practice in the early childhood context.

Mr Robert Maungedzo (South Africa)
Your World is my World: From being Burrowers in Soweto Classrooms to Building Bridges with Global Youth Communities - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports on innovative pedagogies in literature and multiliteracies with disaffected Soweto youth.

Diane Mayer (Australia)
Ensuring Teacher Quality:: A Focus on Professional Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper critically analyses professional standards debates in Australia emphasising professional learning as the key to building teacher quality.

Margie Mayfield (Canada)
Preschool to Primary - Continuity of Learning? : An International View - 30 min Conference Paper
Continuity across early childhood programs is 'the way and degree to which one program relates to and builds on another for the benefit of the children' (Mayfield, 2001).

Victoria Mc Gahey (Australia)
Establishing Community Morality in Schools: Sensing the Spirit in School Leadership. - 60 min Workshop
A study on school lesdership focussed upon school leaders’ thoughts on leadership attributes (qualities) for establishing a moral community within schools. A card game has been devised using the attributes as a tool for instigating shared dialogue between participants.

Phillip McBrayer (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Third Culture and Multi-cultural Issues in International School Library Literacy Programs - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines the unique issues involved with selecting literature for K-12 school libraries when the majority of the student population consists of third culture children, ESL students, or multilingual students.

Sarah McCarthey (United States)
Writing Identity into the Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
This study examines how fourth and fifth grade students who are acquiring English as a second language, English Language Learners (ELL), constructed their identities as literacy learners, with a specific emphasis upon writing.

Jill McClay (Canada)
Collaborative Writing in a Multiliteracy Classroom: "It taught me to think in the third person while writing in the first person." - 60 min Workshop
In this session, we will describe our research and teaching of a collaborative writing project that illustrates one grade 9 (ages 14-15) 'multiliteracy classroom'.

Dr. Hal McDonald Jr. (United States)
Decoding the Trivium: Information Theory, Entropy, and the Classical Model of Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Evaluates the classical model of learning within the framework of information theory.

Lorraine McDonald (Australia)
What Counts as Learning: Identity Formation in Classroom Talk - 30 min Conference Paper
A social practice view of learning focuses on how students are acculturated into dominant discourses through the authoritative positioning of teachers and texts in the social order and organisation of the classroom.

Dennis McDougall (United States) Claude Goldenberg (United States)
Looking Inside the Black Box of School Improvement - 30 min Conference Paper
Describes how elements of a change model (goals, indicators, assistance, leadership, and settings) prompted academic gains at underachieving schools.

McElgunn David (Australia) Irene Pagliarella
Student Work Placement What Workplace Supervisors look for - 30 min Conference Paper
As teachers we are increasingly wanting to improve the experiences students have on work placement. This study looks to identify what work place wupervisors look for in a student.

Nina McGarry McGarry (United States)
Constructivism as Informal Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
Presentation will provide credence to adopting an informal approach to instruction.

Peter McGhee (New Zealand)
The Small Business Experience: 'Real-life' Learning from an Interdisplinary Perspective - 30 min Conference Paper
A discussion of 'real-world' learning that occurs within an introductory module for a first year interdisciplnary Bachelor of Business programme.

Sue McGinty (Australia)
Policy and Practice in the Valuing of Diversity: Teacher and Student Responses to the National War on Terror - 30 min Conference Paper
A study of teacher and student responses to the valuing of diversity in the face of the war on terror discourses.

Faye S. McIntyre (United States) James McIntyre Jr (United States) Mary Kay Rickard (United States)
A Study of Business Education Research Outlets - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper presents the findings of an analysis of historical and current education-related publishing opportunities for business school faculty.

Janice McKay (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Peter White (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Case-based Learning Introduced into an Allied Health Programme - 30 min Conference Paper
Case-based learning was introduced to enhance the development of an integrated, applied understanding of clinical profession-based subjects.

Kerri McKenna (Australia)
Multimodal Assessment and Reporting in Schools: What Will It Look Like? - 30 min Conference Paper
Multimedia is used in our teaching and learning but rarely in our assessment and reporting.

Catherine McLoughlin (Australia) L. Marshall (Australia)
Reconsidering the Link between Lifelong Learning and Assessment: Strategies to Foster Appropriate Skills and Transfer - 30 min Conference Paper
Assessment practices need to be evaluated and reconceptualised to meet the needs of lifelong learners in order to provide improved learning pathways

Dr Tony McMahon (Australia)
Re-designing Child Welfare Practice for Indigenous Children in Care: Privileging Social Futures over Administrative Status - 30 min Conference Paper
The redefinition of well-being indicators for Indigenous children in care that emphasises social futures over administrative status

June McMillan (New Zealand)
Pathways to Successful Learning - 60 min Workshop
In 1994 Chapel Downs School won a $1.5 million 3 year Government project to establish a well integrated school/home and community partnership.

Dr Sharifah Md Nor (Malaysia)
Excellence in Rural Schools: The Role of The Principal - 30 min Conference Paper
This study involves two rural effective schools in Malaysia. The role of the principals as transformative leaders was investigated based on teachers' perception and narrations by the principals themselves.

Rafidah Md.Noor (Malaysia)
Implementation A Problem Based Learning For Undergraduate Course: A First Experience - 30 min Conference Paper
Problem Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional method that challenges students to "learn to learn" and work cooperatively in groups to seek solutions in real world problems. PBL prepares students to think critically and analytically, and to find and use appropriate learning resources. This paper will describe first experience for both lecturer and students for networking course, WRES3308 Network Design and Management. In development phase, each group consists of 5 to 6 students and they are given issues or problems that they have to investigate. Besides that, the students are able to identify skills and knowledge that are related to the subject given. They need to address the issue and synthesize the knowledge to produce result. The evaluations used throughout the course are based on student presentation, student learning journal, participation in group discussion, final group problem report, preparation for group’s discussion, communication, contributions and responsibilities. Implementation of this methodology can direct student’s learning experiences and it is a challenge for them.

Anatoliy Medvedev (Uzbekistan)
Methods of Implementation and Adaptation of Modern Technologies in Elementary Education in Young Independent Republic - 30 min Conference Paper
The reform of elementary education in the Republic of Uzbekistan in the period of transition to market economy and construction of the open civil society is a difficult process. Our school experience, which gained solving questions of adaptation of a new educational system over last three-four years, is described.

Peter Medway (United Kingdom)
Saying, Making and Learning: Language and Other Semiotics in Design - 30 min Conference Paper
A study of an architectural design episode shows communication, making and learning as alternative descriptions of the same process.

Debbie K. Mercer Mercer (United States)
Electronic Portfolio Development: A Catalyst for Change - Virtual Presentation
The journey to implementation of a unit wide electronic portfolio system is detailed in this paper, including survey perceptions of elementary education candidates.

Miao Shin Yu (Australia) Roger Harris (Australia)
Engaging with Foreign Culture During a Study Tour: Taiwanese Learners Perspectives - Virtual Presentation
This paper reports on cultural learning by students from Taiwan on a study tour to Adelaide, Australia. Analysis of their journals reveals how students viewed, and grappled with 'making meaning' of western culture.

Tamara Miles (United States)
Letters in Here are Like Gold: The Prison Literacy Project - 30 min Conference Paper
The work examines illiteracy in prisoners and the personal transformation that often occurs when prisoners are introduced to the habit of reading. It encourages the use of prison literature in the classroom.

Dr. Pamela A Miller (Canada)
Technology Integration as a Transformation Catalyst & Tool - 60 min Workshop
This session discusses a range of technologies and their role in transforming teaching and learning. Appropriate for educators and administrators.

Olga Lidia Miranda Hernandez (Cuba)
An Ideological-Philosophical Profile of Education Today. - 30 min Conference Paper
Marxist philosophy has always been defined as a form of critical-revolutionary thought. In its methodological application, this assumption does not imply an abstract philosophy but instead a philosophy with the capacity to dialectically assimilate the best of current conceptions. Furthermore, it analyses the conceptual limitations of these theories and it shows the socio-political interests which lie behind them. Taking this into account, a marxist philosophy of education could contribute to pedagogy today by illuminating the ideological foundations which underpin current pedagogical tendencies and educational models. My work deals with these issues.

Dr Robert J. Mockler (United States)
Failure to Integratively Balance Structured and Unstructured Thinking: An Emerging and Important Aspect in Teaching Business Management - Virtual Presentation
The paper shows how lessons learned from business have been used to develop ways to teach management in a balanced structured and unstructured way.

Dr Hanapi Mohamad (Malaysia)
The Investment of Knowledge Worker in Malaysia - 30 min Conference Paper
Investment of knowledge worker in Malaysia is an important aspect of national economic program ever since from the inception of independence. Its importance can be seen in many ways. While knowledge workers can enhance economic performances, enhancement in human capital could also enhance individual socio-economic mobility. Finally, human capital enhancement in Malaysia saw limited success. While human capital enhancement did contribute to the massive manufacturing output, investment in human capital also showed continuous reliance for the government for financing.

Zulkarnain Mohamed (Malaysia)
Changing Education Policy in the Face of Changing Era - Virtual Presentation
Highlights the need in changing education policy in the face of the government's emphasis on shifting the dimension of education from its previous emphasis on arts stream to the present emphasis on science and technology stream.

Rohaida Mohd. Saat (Malaysia) Kamariah Abu Bakar (Malaysia)
An Exploratory Investigation of Children Learning Science in a Web-Based Learning Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
The study uncovered the learning processes that Grade Five Children underwent in learning science within a Web-based learning environment.

Jean Mollett (South Africa) Jenny Hadingham (South Africa)
Challenges Facing a Senior Tutor to Encourage Deep Learning in the Dynamic Environment of Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Teaching methodologies adopted to support a diverse student population in a South African University

Moore Liz (Australia)
Demystifying the 'Secret Business' of Universities: Misconceptions, Assumptions and Constructions of Adult Learners at University - 30 min Conference Paper
This research explored the assumptions, constructions and misconceptions associated with tertiary study and was interested in exploring how non traditional entry students construct views of what 'university' is all about.

Raymond F. Morgan (United States)
Conation and Social Environment in Literacy Development - 30 min Conference Paper
Paper describes conation and its relationship to literacy development in children. Conative factors will be reviewed and future directions in research explored.

Ann Morrice
The Ann Morrice Language Literacy Program - 60 min Workshop
This workshop will present the theory and practical appliacation of this process for developing literacy for students aged from 3 - adulthood.

Gayle Morris (Australia) David Beckett (Australia)
'Real' Knowing: Rethinking Language Learning, Identity, and Work - 30 min Conference Paper
An examination of the relationship between identity, work and language learning, showing in particular the intersection of home, school and work identities.

Agnes M Morrison (United States)
Use of Intelligent Simulation to Promote Critical Thinking in Undergraduate Pre-licensure Nursing Students - 30 min Conference Paper
Use of intelligent simulation to promote the development of critical thinking skills in student nurses in a undergraduate baccalaureate nursing program.

Ronna Scott Mosher (Canada)
Junctures of Ignorance: A Curriculum Exploration - Virtual Presentation
This paper explores multiple meanings of ignorance in the practices of education, in particular the place of ignorance as a constitutive tension in pedagogy.

James F. Moshinskie (United States)
How to Keep eLearners from eScaping: Principles for Keeping Online Learners Involved and Motivated to Finish a Cours - 30 min Conference Paper
Most major international corporations are actively implementing some type of e-learning projects. However, many of them are quickly discovering that surprisingly high learner attrition rates are occurring. Motorola University, one of the first major corporate universities to establish an extensive online curriculum, found that a significant gap existed between employees that had registered for online courses compared to their actual completion. Reports such as these have led corporate universities to rethink their e-learning strategies and revisit the timeless question of how to motivate learners to take a course, learn the material, and then transfer that knowledge back to the worksite. This presentation examines what is motivation to learn and motivation to transfer, how these activities relate to e-learners specifically. The session will show how international e-learning instructional design teams, including Conoco, Toyota, Organon, and Accenture, are implementing some successful motivational techniques before, during, and after on-line courses.

Dr Sean Mulvenon (United States)
The Impact of Desegregation on Improving Minority Student Achievement: An Emprical Assessment of Little Rock School District - Virtual Presentation
A review of the impact of desegregation on student achievement in Little Rock School District. An assessment of the merits of desegregation programs on improving student learning is provided.

Jennifer Munday (Australia)
Indigenous Studies through Technology: A Rich Task in Teacher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper will describe the project; explain the processes the student undertake; and identify the positive attributes in the light of ‘new’ learning possibilities.

Diana Mungai (United States) Dianne Jones (United States)
Games that Teach - Virtual Presentation
Participants will learn ways to use easy-to-assemble educational games in a technology-enhanced environment to support learning from both a theoretical and applied perspective. In addition to demonstrating the creative use of popular game shows in reinforcing learning we will use other, equally recognizable games. Specifically, as a result of attending this session, learners will be able to select games that support learning objectives, that are easy to assemble, that accommodate the technology capabilities of their educational setting and that encourage interaction by the student with the learning materials.

Peter Murphy (Australia)
Un Petit Mort: The Pain of Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
"Learning is not child's play; we cannot learn without pain" This paper explores the idea that the pain that Aristotle speaks of here is the pain of grief, of loss - loss of self - an unrealised self that is lost to us forever whenever we learn.

Jill Murray (Australia)
Assessing the Language Proficiency of Overseas Trained Teachers: Linguistic, Social and Ethical Concerns - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes issues arising in the language proficiency assessment of overseas trained teachers preparing to teach in Australian schools.

Ramlee Musatapha (Malaysia)
Learning in the Workplace: Employees Perception on Their Self and Professional Development - 30 min Conference Paper
An empirical study about employees perception on their self and professional development in coping with the challenges of the new economy.

Maureen Musser (United States)
From Cooperation to Collaboration: Learning Together - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will discuss the continuum from cooperative to collaborative interactive learning groups and examine ways teachers use bonding and team building to optimize student responsibility and learning.

M.Sharif Mustaffa (Malaysia)
Integrating contextual factors into counsellor training and practise in Malaysia - 30 min Conference Paper
Research literature on the role of race, ethnicity and culture in the process of counselling has increased significantly (Walker, 1995). Beginning in the late nineteen sixties and early nineteen seventies, important sociopolitical factors and demographic changes made cross- cultural issues increasingly prominent in the delivery of human services (Rubin & Roessler, 1994). McLeod and Machin (1998) suggest that such contextual issues have been largely ignored in counselling theory, research and practice, and that increased attention to context has the potential to contribute to the creation of more responsive and effective counselling services. In particular, research related to counselling in context may offer some insights into the provision of more effective, appropriate, and responsive services for students, teachers and parents (Gold & Burggraf, 1998; Herring, 1997; Sue & Sue, 1999; Tatar, 1998). The profession of counselling as a formal helping process is still in its infancy in Malaysia. (Othman & Awang, 1993) Due to the dominant influence of Western counselling approaches, important questions must be asked about the desired direction of counselling in Malaysia. To what extent should Western models of helping relationships be “imported”? Are these approaches to training and practice suitable for the context of practice in Malaysia? Are counsellors actually able to use the knowledge and skills they are taught, or do they have to adapt them to local conditions? If so, how do counsellors go about doing counselling adaptation.

Pendo Mwaitelek (Australia)
Translating and Shifting Western Education to Address Educational Needs of Local sub-Saharan Environment : Providing Space for Student Reflections - 30 min Conference Paper
Shifting Western education to better engage with environment of sub-Saharan Africa. Creating spaces for student reflections.

Fredrick Muyia Nafukho (United States) Dr Ok D Park (United States)
An Investigation into Business Educators' Perception of the Importance of Resources used in Self-directed Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
The primary purpose of this research was to determine business educators' perceptions of the significance of resources used in self-directed learning.

Loshini Naidoo (Australia)
Going against the Grain: Schools and the perpetuation of Gender Divisions and Inequalities in Australian Society Going against the grain: Schools and the perpetuation of Gender divisions and inequalities in Australian Society - 30 min Conference Paper
The work will evaluate the extent to which schools in Australia perpetuate gender divisions and inequality in society. It will focus on inequalities particularly in relation to male students in the school arena.Much of the discussion will be based on my own teaching experience in secondary schools for boys in New South Wales. While there is no deliberate intent on the part of schools to perpetuate gender divisions and inequalities, this does infact occur because schools are not operating in a vacuum but are an integral part of the larger society which they mirror.

Subadrah Madhawa Nair
Higher Level Questions: Reflections of Trainee Teachers - Virtual Presentation
One of the aims of Malaysia’s “Vision 2020 is the nurturing of citizens who are able to think critically and creatively. Teachers play a crucial role in training students to acquire critical and creative thinking abilities. One of the strategies for achieving this objective is to expose students as well as trainee teachers to high level questions which are also designed to impart critical and creative thinking.

Sheila Narsee (South Africa)
Making Teaching and Learning Culturally Inclusive: The Durban Institute of Technology Challenge - 30 min Conference Paper
The notion of diversity as is currently applied in South Africa is clearly one that includes race, culture and language. What is clearly required is a social reconstructionist view of multicultural education which seeks to utilise diversity as a powerful tool to empower particularly those learners who have been historically marginalised. This implies social justice and the democratisation of the classroom (Sleeter 1996; Grant & Gomez 1996; Freire 1997). In this regard Preece (2000) argues for 'engaged pedagogy' as a teaching and learning paradigm. Drawing on the works of thinkers like Martin Nakata, Joseph Lo Bianco, Courtney Cazden, and Cope & Kalantzis, I argue that as educators we can construct a moral rather than just a pragmatic argument for valuing diversity.

Edzan N.N. Nasir (Malaysia) Ismail Idris Abdullah (Malaysia)
Smart Instruction and Learning: : Collaborative Digital Libraries - 30 min Conference Paper
Explores the use of digital libraries as a new teaching mode for Malaysian secondary schools.

Tsuneiko Nawano (Australia) John Annakis
Cross-Cultural Communication Experiences and Perceptions of Australian Students Living in Japan. The Japanese Communicative Style: Contexts, Embedded Stereotypes and Transition - 30 min Conference Paper
The purpose of this paper was to primarily review the literature on cross-cultural communication between Japanese and English speaking cultures and identify sources of differences which are embedded in various contexts such as history, culture, education, business and general society. The perceptions of the Japanese Communicative Style as identified by mainstream literature as being collectivist, ritualistic and high context in culture correlated closely to the perceptions of students sampled in this research. More importantly this research has identified some contrasting factors to past mainstream literature on this topic, in particular differences in the Japanese Communicative style when you consider formal and informal settings, age factor and geographical regional factors. The authors suggest that the Japanese Communicative style is in transition.

Dr. Joanne Christine Neal (Canada)
The Role of Science Education in a Middle Years Humanities Program Model - Virtual Presentation
Developing a humanities approach for middle years schooling that emphasizes science as a human activity and considers its impact on society.

NeedhamD Needham (United Kingdom)
An Attempt to Uncover the Limitations Behind Cognitive Apprenticeship: Using a Reflective Methodology that Engages Experienced Teachers of Post-16 Education in Discussing their Role in the ‘Master-Apprentice’ Relationship - 30 min Conference Paper
This small scale research project explores attempts to uncover the limitations of Vygotsky's theory of cognitive apprenticeship by using reflective logs within the context of business education.

Tim Neill (United Kingdom)
Passengers Don't Learn!: A Revolutionary Approach to Creating Engaging, Task-Relevant Learning and Assessment Programs that Measure Competence, as Well as Knowledge - 60 min Workshop
The paper explains and demonstrates techniques that engage learners in experiment and discovery to achieve and prove their competence in given Learning Objectives.

Susan Nelson Wood (United States)
Mapping School Geographies: Teaching and Learning in Unsafe Places - 30 min Conference Paper
In the wake of increasing acts of violence within our global community, educators concerned with literacy can and must learn to address issues involving student safety.

Dr. Annabelle Nelson (United States)
The Learning Wheel: Multicultural Intelligences to Accelerate Learning - 60 min Workshop
The Learning Wheel is a theoretical mdoel based on the idea that intelligences are culturally relative, and all intelligences with their unique modalities must be presented to learners to create dynamic, and sucessful learning experiences.

Florence L. Nelson (United States)
Linking Workplace Trainers and College Faculty to Create Learning Pathways for Early Childhood Teachers - 30 min Conference Paper
Collaboration between college faculty and community trainers strengthens the skills of paraprofessionals working in early childhood programs.

Mary Neville (Australia)
Multiliteracies Pedagogy in Practice: A Project Involving Teachers of Primary and Secondary Students - 30 min Conference Paper
This is an account of the development of multiliteracies teaching and learning in practice at primary and secondary educational settings.

Dr. Charlene Newman (United States)
Pre-service Teacher Leadership: Windows of Opportunities - Virtual Presentation
How can we define teacher leadership at the pre-service level in a way that will address professional development? One researcher experimented with interventions with pre-service teachers which focused on their exposure to and particupation in professional activities. The results indicate that the experience was highly beneficial for these students and it encourages teacher educators to take advantage of these opportunities.

Curtise K. C. Ng (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Janice McKay (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Peer Tutoring as a Student-centred Learning Strategy for a Health Care Program - 30 min Conference Paper
Implementing peer tutoring to support deep learning, tutoring skill and student and staff relationship developments

Xiaorong Nie (China)
A Construct Educational Management: A Study on How to Construct Educational Management - 30 min Conference Paper
Matching with the automatic technology in the time of industrial automatics, the theory of control was applied to the field of educational organization and management. But, in the era of network information, few concepts of network engineering are used in it. This research, based on the typology model of Lunenburg & Ornstein on information communicative network, tries to construct the network of educational management, aiming at serving the education in the society information network. Besides, Scheerens & Creemers’ multi-level model of school effectiveness is used as the framework of the educational management network

Maria Nikolakaki (Greece)
Citizenship Education in Greek Primary Schools: A Difficult Road to a Distant Place - 30 min Conference Paper
Citizenship education in Greek primary schools is been under scrutiny in this paper and arguments are been raised that it continues to prepare the Greek citizen for a monocultural state.

Penelope Mary Niven (South Africa)
An Investigation into the Early Reading Practices of Xhosa Home-language students at a South African University:: Reading for a Degree? - 30 min Conference Paper
A study of the early reading practices of Xhosa students at a South African University and the subsequent impact of the said practices on their efforts to become academic readers.

Warwick Noble (Australia)
Developing Meaningful Technologies for Girls - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation will showcase two technology-rich projects specifically designed to increase computer literacy and the meaningful use of technologies for girls. The projects were based on experiential learning principles and centred on the development of an author web site for Year 5 primary students and the integration of technology into the pastoral care program for the senior Year 10 students at Abbotsleigh.

Nooreen Noordin (Malaysia)
A A Comparison Between Visual Imagery Strategy and Conventional Strategy in the Teaching of English for Science and Technology (EST) - Virtual Presentation
The main purpose of the present study is to determine the efficacy of teaching strategies that integrates visual and imagery with text information in the teaching of EST. In particular, instructional strategy using visual orientations was used to ascertain its compatibility with the teaching of EST. Teaching strategies using imagery practice and visual aids such as illustrations, charts, diagrams, and graphs have been known to enhance reading comprehension and appreciation expressed through writing tasks (Hayes, 1992). Being a developed country, there is a need for the integration of the English language and content instruction. The Malaysian Minister of Education in his statement has also emphasized the government’s congealed decision to implement the teaching of Science and Mathematics in English (Curriculum Development Center, October 3, 2002). Hence, there is a need to concentrate on the learning process and utilize the appropriate teaching strategies on a particular group of students in a particular situation at a particular time.

Dr Cynthia Northington (United States)
School Management in the Millennia and its Impact on Minorities in America - 30 min Conference Paper
This is a discussion of contemporary classroom and school management programs in the United States. Social and cultural implications are also analyzed.

J. Wesley Null (United States)
Bagley, Dewey, and the Founding of Essentialism: A Momentous March in American Educational History - 30 min Conference Paper
In this paper, the author will describe the founding of Essentialist educational theory, which occurred in Atlantic City at the 1938 meeting of the American Association of School Administrators.

Alexandra Castro Nunes (Portugal)
Using Portfolios in the Foreign Language Classroom: Fostering Learner's Reflection and Autonomy - 30 min Conference Paper
This article is anchored in a strong constructivist stance in which the learner is given a significant amount of control of his learning process through the use of portfolios in Foreign Language Classrooms.

Anh Nuyen (Australia)
Lifelong Learning and Its Role in Vocational Education and Training - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper examines the changing definition of lifelong learning and how it has come to be viewed as part of present-day vocational education and training. individual's responsibility. responsibility in order to

Berenice Nyland (Australia)
Pre-service Teachers Experience of Inclusive Practices in Early Childhood Settings - 30 min Conference Paper
Pre-service teachers experiences when studying inclusive educational practices in early childhood settings. An exploration of some of the tensions that exist between government policy, funding models and existing practices in Australia.

Sean F O Connor (United States)
The Problem Set Process and Four "Contents": Knowledge, Method, Community, Self. - 60 min Workshop
The workshop presents a teacher education collaborative learning design in which participants learn at four levels investigating a given problem set.

Catherine O'Callaghan (United States) Patricia Antonacci (United States)
Evidence of Student Learning: Creating a Paradigm Shift - 60 min Workshop
This interactive session will describe how a small, liberal arts college transformed their Education Department through assessment aligned with instruction.. The presenters will display work samples, rubrics and assessment plans for the Education Department and how data was used to implement program changes. Teacher Education coursework in Literacy Methods will be presented and analyzed in work sessions.

Robert J. O'Hara (United States)
The Residential College Movement Around the World: The Rebirth of "the Collegiate Way of Living" - 30 min Conference Paper
A number of universities across the United States have begun to adopt a decentralised model of higher education that is loosely based on the collegiate structure of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. This residential college model is spreading to both public and private universities and to universities large and small, and it has begun to counteract the managerial centralisation that has been prevalent in American higher education for many years. When properly developed, residential colleges of this kind need not be expensive, and they can profoundly enrich the educational environment of a university for both students and faculty.

Jo Ann O'Quin (United States) Sue Turner (United States)
"Serve to Learn, Learn to Serve": Implementing Service-Learning in Higher Education - Virtual Presentation
Service-learning pedagogy can be successfully developed in a variety of courses in higher education. Definitions, goals, implementation strategies, and evaluation will be explored

Peg OConnor
New Communication Initatives Building College and Community Relationships and Student Skills through Special Projects - 60 min Workshop
Learn the potential for developing skills and building community relationships with innovative communication projects that tap student knowledge.

Barbara M Odgers (Australia)
Validation of an Instrument used to determine teachers' views of science in Secondary Schools in Queensland, Australia.: Instrument Validation for Views of Science - 30 min Conference Paper
This study details the development and validation of an instrument used to assess teacher's views of science within a traditional and constructivist framework.

Rebecca Oekerman (United States)
Facilitating the Concept of Multiple Intelligences into Web Courses - Virtual Presentation
The incorporating and facilitating of the concept of multiple intelligences within graduate and undergraduate courses offered via the web.

Dr. Ade G. Ola (United States)
A Redundant Learning System for Sustaining Prerequisite Knowledge - 30 min Conference Paper
A system for sustaining prerequisite skills

Bernard Oliver (United States) Eileen Oliver (United States) Lex Bowden (Australia) Caroline Hull (Australia)
What Learning Means: Perspectives from Gender Specific and Ethnic Specific - 60 min Workshop
The purpose of this session is to focus on the principles and practices of implementing gender specific and ethnic specific schooling practices. In addition considerable emphasis will center on the effect of these curricular/schooling practices on student achievement.

Rob Oliver (Netherlands)
Project-ing Knowledge: Children's Research-based Writing and Intertexuality - 30 min Conference Paper
A study of how children engage with and use information sources in making texts based on research.

Mary Jo Olsen Murray (United States)
Online Education: Re-examining Instructor Roles, Course Design, and Student-Centered Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
Internet and online instruction have had an astounding impact on education. Not only have the physical boundaries of classrooms been erased, but a review of current literature supports the need for instructors in higher education to re-evaluate their roles and how they design their courses based on their increased awareness of the needs of adult learners.

C. Paul Olson (Canada)
First Nations Education in Reconstuction in Canada: Experiences of a Second Level Service Agency - 30 min Conference Paper
In Canada as elsewhere First Nations have tried to establish self determination over schooling and to provide support to their communities learning opportunities in the life cycle and deal with other educational agencies.

Jennifer Jo Olson (United States) Phillip D. Olson (United States) Laurie Rennebohm Danahy (United States)
Creating Institutional Change through Leadership and Learning Communities - 60 min Workshop
This presentation describes the Building Effective and Successful Teams Model (BEST), an innovative approach for delivering in-service by creating communities of learners.

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie (United States) Kathleen M. T. Collins (United States)
The Effect of Anxiety on Learning Outcomes of Graduate-Level Cooperative Groups - 30 min Conference Paper
The present investigation examined the role of anxiety in predicting performance of cooperative learning groups in graduate-level research methodology courses.

Chrstie Chilo Onwujuba Dike (United Arab Emirates)
The Role of Universities in National Development: The United Arab Emirates' Perspective - 30 min Conference Paper
The studies investigate the role of education in the development of the United Arab Emirates.

Betsy Orr (United States) Dr Dale E. Thompson (United States) Cecelia Thompson (United States)
Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Teacher Preparation Program - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper focuses on the evaluating of a teacher preparation program using a variety of means.

Julia O’Sullivan (Canada) Juanita Epp (Canada)
Early Literacy School Improvement: Research, Policy and Practice in Northern Canada - 30 min Conference Paper
Literacy initiatives in Teacher Education including practical interaction with local and isolate school boards.

Maria A. Pacino (United States)
The Role of Literacy in Global Democracies: Why Johnny Can’t Read - 30 min Conference Paper
This session addresses the role of literacy in pluralistic democracies

Eric Pagliarella (Australia)
Harnessing the Forces of Nature: An Interactive Teaching and Learning Medium to Enhance Learning - 60 min Workshop
Will demonstrate a number of interactive mediums that have had significant successes across a range of programs and discuss basic fundamentals that are necessary for interactive mediums to be successful.

Dr Jeremy Pagram (Australia) Penporn Manowanna
Cultural-e-inappropriate: Looking at e-learning from a Thai cultural Perspective. - 30 min Conference Paper
E-learning is a very topical much misused term. Many countries both Developed and Developing are rushing to embrace this new educational technology. Perceived benefits in both cost of delivery and educational outcomes are often the driving force. It is the purpose of this paper to examine this area from the Thai perspective

Su-Yan Pan (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
The Role of University in Tensions between Social and Academic Tasks: The Experience from Tsinghua University in China - 30 min Conference Paper
The study examines the role of university in China in its struggles among the economic, political and academic tasks between 1911 and 2001.

Panasco Santos Cristina
Science Education and Constructions of Cultural Difference: Implications for Intercultural Science Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Science education as a socialising element regarding cultural diversity. Consequences for intercultural science education.

Dr Les Pang (United States)
Global Best Practices for Successful Online Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This work aims to provide both novice and experienced online educators with valuable practices on how to effectively manage online courses. It suggests way to prepare for online course delivery and how to ensure successful online course development. It looks at innovative ways to facilitate and monitor online sessions. It examines the special features to look for in an online learning software package. Throughout this work, it identifies how to leverage technology in order to have an environment that is conducive to learning. Areas of focus include: 1. Preliminary Preparation 2. Course Development 3. Online Facilitation 4. Key Features in an Online Software Package The best practices were identified through the author’s personal experience and those of his immediate colleagues as well as through intense research of global resources.

Jack Panster (Canada)
From Prejudice to Personal Authenticity: Gestalt Learning for Diverse Classrooms - Virtual Presentation
This paper discusses prejudice from a Gestalt perspective and shows how teachers can address the issue of discrimination in diverse classrooms.

Kalliroi Papadopoulou (Greece)
Play, Teaching and Learning - How is the Combination Possible?: Play and Learning - Virtual Presentation
The Vygotskian view of play as learning in the zone of proximal development is suggested in a theoretical paper about the usefulness of play for teaching and education.

Irene Papoulis (United States) Beverly Wall (United States) Robert Stannard (United Kingdom)
Reflective Teaching: How Informal Writing Can Foster Community and Democratic Dialogue - 60 min Workshop
First, theoretical discussion of 'reflection in action' and informal writing, then, experiential workshop in the practice of using informal writing to foster learning.

Asma Mushakbar Paracha (Pakistan) Narmeen Shawoo Bawany (Pakistan)
E-Learning For The Blind And Visually Impaired - Virtual Presentation
The use of haptic technology to represent graphical information in E-Learning

Anthony Pare (Canada)
Genre and Membership: Enculturation Through Textual Practice - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper draws on theories of genre, activity, and situated learning to consider the process of enculturation through participation in textual practices.

Gloria Park (United States)
The Role of Portfolio Assessment in Second Language Teacher Education: Implications for Foreign Language Teacher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
In the past several years with a shift in the kinds of assessments being promoted in classrooms and teacher education programs, the use of portfolios has gained monumental attention in second language teacher education programs (TESOL).

Mitchell Parkes (Australia) Genevieve Noone (Australia)
Learning and Desire: Exploring Relations within Face-to-Face and Computer Mediated Learning Environments. Are They Really That Different? - 30 min Conference Paper
Using data from two contrasting studies we explore how the desire to connect, and thus building connectedness is a vital part of the learning process.

Deb Parkinson (United States) Kristi Von Krosigk (United States)
Reflective Practice: Preparing Preservice Teachers to Become Reflective Thinkers - 30 min Conference Paper
Professional literature contains a wealth of information on the importance teacher reflection and the goals of reflexivity. However, very little information has been written on teaching preservice teachers how to reflect.

Michelann Parr (Canada)
Preparing for Diversity: Standards of Practice for Regular Classroom Teachers of Students with Special Needs - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation describes the development and validation of standards of practice for regular classroom teachers of students with special needs.

Janice Patterson (United States)
Bouncing Back: Teacher Resilience in Urban Schools - 30 min Conference Paper
Research on teacher resilience and successful student achievement in urban schools in the United States will be discussed.

Dr. Katherine B. Payant Payant (United States)
The Promise of Pitfalls of High tech Learning at Northern Michigan University - 30 min Conference Paper
Northern Michigan University is “all-laptop.” Students are equipped with computers and classrooms have Internet access. Though benefits are many, problems have developed.

Dr John Pearson (China) Dr Tammy Kwan (China) Sydney Wong (China)
Investigating Problem-based Learning in an Initial Teacher Education Program - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports on the use of problem-based learning (PBL) as an alternative pedagogy in a teacher education program at the University of Hong Kong.

Laura Pedersen (United States) Vicki Brooks (United States) Mike McNamara (United States) Peggy LaTurno Hines (United States)
School Counselling Reform: Advocacy and Technology to Facilitate the Learning of All Students - 60 min Workshop
Focus will be on technological skills needed by school counsellors to advocate for all students especially underserved populations.

Dr William Pelech (Canada) Dorothy Badry (Canada) Betty Bastien (Canada) Jeannine Carriere (Canada) Gail Zuk (Canada) Ralph Bodor (Canada) Michael Kim Zapf (Canada)
Access BSW Learning Circle: A Revolutionary Approach to Social Work Education in Rural, Remote, and Aboriginal Communities - 30 min Conference Paper

Jannet Pendleton (Australia)
Professionalism and Emerging Professions: Meeting the Challenges in Public Relations Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper discusses the challenges for public relations education in encouraging awareness of the social role and responsibilities of the profession, the development of standards of ethical practice appropriate to those responsibilities and the provision of opportunities for personal and professional growth.

Dr Bruce Perrott (Australia)
Learning Skills for ebusiness Enablement: A Role for Simulation - 30 min Conference Paper
Managers need to develop new skills for ebusiness approaches. This paper examines the role of simulation in effectively building this new capability

Dr Robert Petrausch (United States)
Linking the Classroom to the Workplace: homework to real work - 30 min Conference Paper
Experience is an important classroom to boardroom bridge. The best way for students to gain experience in public relations is to work alongside its practitioners in a structured internship.

David F. Philpott (Canada) Wayne C. Nesbit (Canada)
Identifying Learner Diversity within a Context of Culture: Promoting Inclusive Practice in Canada's North - 30 min Conference Paper
Discusses the development and implementation of a model that balances educational assessment and culture in two areas of Canada's north.

Zaidatol Akmaliah Lope Pihie
Relationship between Secondary School Teachers' Occupational Commitment and Organisational Climate - 30 min Conference Paper
Quantitative research based on Malaysian teacher's perceptions regarding occupational commitment and organizational climate

Lynda Pinnington (Australia)
The Practical Politics of Critical Literacy: Disrupting Compliance in Secondary Students - 60 min Workshop
This workshop is designed to demonstrate some of the practical strategies that teachers can employ to help students conceptualise and articulate formal written responses that challenge naturalised reading positions or ideologies embedded in text.

David Piper (Canada)
Quirky Classrooms: Emerging Cosmological Metaphors and the Transformation of Ideas about Teaching and Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores how emerging ideas in physics and cosmology lead to a reframing of ideas about selfhood, learning, and the future of schooling.

Kim Fong Poon-McBrayer (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Meeting Diverse Needs: Experiences of Educating Chinese Immigrant Children in Hong Kong - 30 min Conference Paper
The influx of new immigrant children to Hong Kong accentuated the need of immediate attention to the immigrant education.

Dr A Potts (United States) David Hicks (United States)
Critical Literacy in the Humanities: The Challenges and Constraints of Preparing Pre-service Teachers for 21st century North American Classrooms - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores the work of two teacher educators, in a K-12 teacher preparation program, to engage pre-service teachers in critical literacy practice.

Beth Powell (Australia) Judy Robison (Australia)
An Issue of Equity: Providing Access to Initial Teacher Education for Remote Students - 30 min Conference Paper
Developing an introductory unit to provide access for remotely located students to initial teacher education.

Carolyn Predmore (United States) Alfred R Manduley
Teaching and Application of Advertising Concepts and Theory with Virtual Television Adverising: Using Macromedia's Director - Virtual Presentation
Advertising is often perceived as being the most interesting part of product, price, promotion, and place in marketing. The teaching of the discipline, however, can be too abstract for complete understanding. Using Director, the students create simulated television advertising to suit the new target mar the advertising strategic plan they have created for a company.

Anne Elizabeth Price (Australia)
Coaches, Gurus and Mentors - 30 min Conference Paper
'Doing a B. Ed.' means engaging with some powerfulDiscourses. This paper examines one way in which people from non mainstream backgrounds can begin to engage with such Discourses.

Mpine Qakisa (South Africa)
Cultural Effects on Learning Styles of African Learners in Distance Education - 30 min Conference Paper
With increased demand for access to higher education, distance education institutions in South Africa are now challenged than ever before to meet the needs of a growing number of African students who were deprived of education in the past. South Africa's political, social and educational inequalities have contributed to the current education crisis in the country. About 9 million adults are functionally illiterate. Even those who go to schools and universities do not perform to their maximum potential. As a result, they drop out or take longer to finish their courses because they cannot identify with the learning material. It is becoming clear that there is a link between how learners perform and how they acquire knowledge. It is in this regard that this paper will look at how African children learn in their communities before they enter distance education institutions and how that process of learning affects their performance.

Kamal Quadra (Malaysia) Vincent Pang (Malaysia)
Managing the Language Policy Change: The Malaysian Experience - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports the case study of the context of the change of language of intruction for Mathematics and Science in Sabah.

Hilmi Quraishi (India)
Reaching the Un-reached: Edutainment based E-Learning for Semi-literate Masses - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper proposes to disseminate e-learning by developing Edutainment based Learning solutions for semi-literate and under-privileged masses using their own popular regional content.

Glenda Raison (Australia)
More Than Reading - 60 min Workshop
This workshop reports on a collaborative reading instructional strategy designed to enhance the reading skills of students with diverse needs in mainstream classes.

Jennie F. Rakestraw (United States)
No Child Left Behind: America's New Requirement for and Expectations of "Highly Qualified" Teachers - 30 min Conference Paper
The requirement for all U.S. teachers to be "highly qualified" by 2005-06 is discussed and how the State of Georgia is addressing this mandate.

Melanie Reap (United States)
Using Historical Narrative to Teach Science: Voices from the Westward Movement in the United States - 60 min Workshop
The massive westward movement of people in US history (1840 - 1860) presents a compelling interaction of social, cultural, religious, and economic forces.

Patty M. Reed (United States) Dr Peggy Doviak (United States)
Effectiveness of a Technology Mediated Classroom: :Adult Learners' Perceptions of an Interactive Instructional Television Class - Virtual Presentation
Adult learners responded to positive issues as well as challenging ones when taking a class via interactive instructional television.

Kersten Reich (Germany)
Observers, Participants and Agents: Towards an Interactive Constructivist Theory of Learning and the Learner - 30 min Conference Paper
In constructivism the perspective of the observer is very important. But the question is if this can be sufficient for a constructivist learning theory. In the Cologne approach of constructivism (called interactive constructivism) we have developed a theory about three important roles for learners and teachers. We have thereby shown that it is more viable for planing and reflecting learning processes to widen theoretical perspectives. Observers, participants and agents are three different roles we propose as viable (useful) constructs for a differentiated consideration of learning processes. In my presentation I will first describe these roles. Then I will, secondly, establish the necessity of these roles in the reflection of learning processes. At the end of my presentation I will give some examples for the viability of these distinctions.

Dr Elizabeth Reid Boyd (Australia)
Employment Literacy: A Working Definition - Virtual Presentation
Employment literacy involves education and training in skills to create, enhance and maintain job readiness, employability and employment status within a socio-political context. It will teach competency in interpreting and interacting with the work environment using a literacy model.

Prof. Alan Reid (Australia)
Rethinking the Official Curriculum: Grappling with Curriculum Binaries - Virtual Presentation
This paper engages in a critical analysis of dominant versions of the official curriculum, and uses this critique to propose alternatives.

Perry Rettig (United States)
School Reform through Natural Leadership - 30 min Conference Paper
American school systems have erroneously operated out of a mechanical and classical framework. This presentation will highlight these errors and then move forward to describe a natural and much better fit to the understanding of how these open and dynamic systems operate.

Megan A Revitt (Australia)
Workplace Learning and Social Capital - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines the contemporary nature of workplace learning and suggests that the development and maintenance of social capital may contribute to effective learning strategies in the workplace.

Dr Goli Rezai-Rashti (Canada)
Discourse of Globalisation and the Restructuring of Teachers' Work in Ontario, Canada - 30 min Conference Paper
Impact of educational restructuring on teachers' work in Ontario. This paper will focus on the intensification of teachers' work from their own perspective.

Dr Theresa Arceneaux Rheams (United States) Deborah Bordelon (United States) Susan Stegall Christie Fleder (United States)
Fast Track to Teacher Certification: Is it Effective in Increasing the Number of Highly Qualified Minority Teachers? - 30 min Conference Paper
Presenters will share information about a graduate fast track program offered at Xavier University that leads to teacher certification in the areas of science, math, and special education. The objective of the program is to address critical teacher shortages, especially among African-Americans, by offering relevant coursework that will prepare teachers to meet the challenges of working in urban school districts. Researchers are exploring the efficacy of fast track programs in training professionals in these shortage areas. Results of the implementation of the program’s first and second years and plans for the longitudinal research study addressing these issues will be disseminated.

Georgia Rhoades (United States)
Writing for All Teachers - 60 min Workshop
This workshop will challenge teachers from all fields to develop writing activities for their classrooms and demonstrate that such activities can be valuable learning strategies that do not require substantial teacher response and evaluation. This will be an active, collaborative session led by an experienced workshop leader that should give all participants specific classroom strategies.

Carole Richardson Gerald Laronde (Canada)
A Critical Analysis of an Online Assignment in a Hybrid Course in a Bachelor of Education Program - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper discusses the design, implementation and critical evaluation of an online assignment as part of a hybrid course in the BEd program at Nipissing University in Canada.

Dr J.W. Richardson (United States)
The Political Economy of Technological Literacy - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines the political economy of technology and its potential to perpetuate the concentration of power structures evident in other dimensions of globalization.

Tara Alice Richardson (United States) Donna Alvermann (United States)
Hip-Hop Texts and Textual Preferences: An Intergenerational Perspective - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports on potential connections between Hip-Hop texts and youth's textual preferences. The data sources for the examples we give are from two studies: a content analysis of 21 7th graders' engagement in critically evaluating Hip-Hop texts and a cross-case analysis of 30 middle schoolers' interpretations of and uses for these texts.

Troy Richardson (United States)
The Language of Multiculturalism - A First Nations Response to the Language of Transparency: Between Teaching Method and Social Process - 30 min Conference Paper
The concept of a transparent multicultural language in teacher education, more specifically this work will consider the implications of a transparent multicultural language as it works to describe and characterize indigenous peoples of North America.

Warnie Richardson (Canada) Carole Richardson
Self-fulfilling Prophecies Distilled: An Eight Year Study of Schooling, Class and Juvenile Delinquency - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper/presentation will briefly profile a large sample of young offenders, (juvenile delinquents between the ages of 12 and 16 studied over an eight year period), suggesting that of the many correlates of offending behaviour, those associated with the schooling experience may still offer the best chance for effective intervention, thus change.

Dr. Rigoberto Rincones-Gomez (United States) Dr. Liliana Rodriguez-Campos (United States)
Compressed Video Technology vs. Traditional Instruction: An Evaluation - Virtual Presentation
This paper outlines the evaluation plan for a graduate-level course taught through the distance education delivery system at Western Michigan University. The category of distance education delivery systems that is being used for this course is synchronous instruction based on compressed video technology (CVT). Hence, this paper provides information to guide distance education decision-makers in identifying effective strategies for improving these types of courses. In order to address multiple perspectives when evaluating distance education courses, four general domains are adapted and used for carrying out this evaluation. These domains are the outcome measures, the technical, the instructional, and the ethical domain. In this paper, a systemic way for organizing, applying, and reporting the formative evaluation process for distance education courses is provided. After describing the findings of the evaluation, recommendations are given on the possible considerations when designing and delivering distance education courses based on CVT.

Sharyn M. Roache-Jameson (Australia)
Kindergarten Connections: A Study of Intertextuality and its Links with Literacy in the Kindergarten Classroom - 60 min Workshop
Qualitative research project focussing on intertextuality and implications for classroom teaching and learning practice.

Judith P. Robertson Nectaria Karagiozis (Canada)
My Big Fat Greek Fairy Tale: Children’s Uses and Reception of Fairy Tale Narratives in a Greek Second Language Learning Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
A qualitative research with Canadian preadolescent elementary children, in which the aim was to understand more about children's uses of traditional Greek fairy tale narratives in a Greek second language learning environment and to examine the relations between cultural forms and development in young readers.

Alison Robins (United Kingdom)
Reflective Practice: Lifelong Learning for Professionals and Paraprofessionals - 60 min Workshop
A sequence of training programs that promotes reflection for pre-and in-service professionals and paraprofessionals in the UK and the USA

Dr Sally Robison (United States) Dr Susanne Lapp (United States) Dr Eileen N. Ariza (United States) Catherine A Matsuno (United States)
Research on Teaching with Technology - 30 min Conference Paper
Research on the use of several modes of technology used in the delivery of university courses.

Dr Sally Robison (United States)
Teaching Mathematics Online - 30 min Conference Paper
A study of two different mathematics courses delivered via online methods.

Heather Robson (United Kingdom)
New Spaces for Learning - Virtual Presentation
This paper explores the use of visual art in an electronic format as a means to foster a culture of lifelong learning. A new space, through technology and new media, has been created for art and the individual (COE: 97). The growth of this new space is supported by the British Government's commitment to facilitate the learning society by the use of ICTs, making access to information for all implicit. "Council of Europe (1997) The Artist the Citizen the Entrepreneur [online] Europe Available from URL: [Accessed October 1999]."

Carlota Rodriguez (United States)
Challenges, Changes, and Commitment: Minority Students Achieving Success - 60 min Workshop
This session will focus on how one school has used efective practices to help African American and Hispanic students be successful in the secondary setting.

Patricia L. Rogers (United States)
Herding Snails on a Hot Skillet: E-learning, Change, and Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
E-learning is forcing a major evolution and transformation in higher education. Aspects of change and its effects on the institution are discussed.

Gemma Ross (United Kingdom)
Literacy, Education and the State:: Re-making Teacher Professionalism in the UK via the National Literacy Strategy. - 30 min Conference Paper
An examination of how literacy policy is impacting on literacy pedagogy and reconfiguring pedagogic relations

Jennifer Rowley (Australia)
A Not So New 'Pedagogy' : Focus on Student Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
It is challenging to any teacher of any age group to find new and innovative teaching strategies – this is probably because the 'new' approach to teaching actually uses familiar teaching techniques that have been reworked into a model that focuses on student learning and improved learning outcomes.

Jenny Ruge (Australia)
Chasing the Red Line: Raising Expectations and Student Achievement - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper examines key elements that contributed to fundamental school change and a dramatic rise in student achievement levels in a NSW primary (K-6) school.

Anne Russell (Australia)
Addressing the Needs of Cyberlearners: Using MBTI Understanding to Design Online Courses - 30 min Conference Paper
The outcome of this research identifies strategies instructional designers can use to address learner differences while at the same time creating a community of learners.

Associate Professor Deirdre Russell-Bowie (Australia)
Teaching Literacy through the Creative Arts: Teachers' responses to introducing the Multiple Intelligences in their classrooms - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports on a subject developed to train teachers to use the Creative Arts to teach literacy in the Primary School.

Seyed Mehdi Sadjjadi (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
Global Education and Learning Paradigm, Identity and Belonging: Challenges and Paradox - 30 min Conference Paper
One of the first duties of education and learning systems in post-industrial society (the knowledge society , the information society and the communication society) is help to growth and development of identity and belonging.

Muhammad Noman Saeed Saeed (Pakistan)
IVC, A Technological Revolution in Distance Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
The dawn of the new technologies as an innovative gizmo for delivering education has had a momentous impact on the world of learning.

Dr Adnan Salhi (United States)
Gender Differences in Narrative Text Recall - Virtual Presentation
Gender Differences in Narrative Text Recall

Dr Adnan Salhi (United States) Sandra Alber (United States)
A Unique Model of Collaboration for Professional Growth and Community Education - Virtual Presentation
In a unique collaborative project, different community institutions came together to achieve noble goals.

Jan Sandiford (United States)
Study Behaviors of High-risk Occupational Students in the Community College - 30 min Conference Paper
Study behaviours of occupational students in a large, urban community college enrolling Black and Hispanic, low income and first generation students.

Leo R. Sandy (United States) Scott R. Meyer (United States)
Beyond Patriotism in the New Millennium: Creating a New Vision for Education - 60 min Workshop
This workshop will involve a brief presentations of concerns and issues that question the emphasis on nationalism within schools.

Clara Sarmento (Portugal)
The Cultural Conditions of Learning: Popular Art and Official Knowledge - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper intends to demonstrate the influence of school manuals and ideologically oriented teaching in some Portuguese forms of popular art.

Jeff Saunders (New Zealand) Keryn McDermott
Bilingual Delivery of ESOL Programmes to Refugees - the New Zealand Experience - 30 min Conference Paper
Research understaken in New Zealand indicates that in the re-settlement of refugees, bilingual delivery of ESOL programmes works.

Fred R. Savitz (United States)
Finding the Missing Link in Teacher Education: Applications of Multiple Intelligence the to Assessment Strategies - Virtual Presentation
This presentation illustrates strategies designed to address academic standards promulgated by the National Council for the Social Studies (Curriculum Standards: Expectations of Excellence, 1994). Teachers and teacher educators explore innovative approaches in social studies teacher preparation aligning instruction and assessment with national standards. Simulations in planning and assessing, including a musical interlude, highlight the presentation.

Regan Harwell Schaffer (United States)
Best Practices in Service-learning: A Model for Effective Design and Implementation of Service-learning in Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This is a study of best practices in service-learning at private colleges and universities in the United States. Based upon the findings, a model was designed for use in developing an effective service-learning program.

Dr. Mary Ellen Harnett Schiller (United States)
Altering the Paradigm: Educational Leadership & Change Management in the Medical Professional Society - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is based on a case study, and its follow-up, examining educational leadership and change managment in a medical society related to continuing medical education (CME). Obstacles encountered and process effectiveness are addressed.

Neville Schofield (Australia)
Reflectivity and Self-direction in an On-line Learning Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
Efficacy of on-line learning - a qualitative and quantitative analysis.

Salome Schulze (South Africa)
Postgraduate Supervision in a Faculty of Education: The Agony and the Ecstasy - 30 min Conference Paper
After determining the perceptions of postgraduate students of the guidance they had experienced, a research project was launched to determine lecturers‚ views on postgraduate supervision.

Louis Schwartz (United States) Rhea Schwartz
100 Years of Learning and Behavioral Differences - Or, Potentially Gifted: Learning/Behavioral Disorder of Gifted and Talented Individuals - 60 min Workshop
100 years of learning and behavioral differences - or, potentially gifted

Dr Kate Scorgie (United States) Lorraine Wilgosh
From Disabled to Differently-abled: Personal Transformations Experienced by Pre-service Teachers Through Virtual Encounters with Children with Special Needs - 30 min Conference Paper
This session will examine two transformational learning components designed for university level, special education teacher training courses.

Jason A. Scorza (United States)
The Global Challenge: Educating Americans for Global Citizenship - 30 min Conference Paper
A critique of one major effort to educate Americans for global citizenship, with reference to the classic literature on cosmopolitanism, and the author’s own outcomes-based rubric.

Donald E. Scott (Australia) Dr Shelley Scott (Australia)
Integration of Technology into the Curriculum: The Perspectives of Teachers and Students within a Western Australian Secondary School - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is the initial findings of a longitudinal study that explores the impact of the integration of Information Technology (IT) into the curriculum on teachers and students learning.

Dr Shelley Scott (Australia)
Professional Development: Western Australian Secondary Teachers’ Experiences and Perspectives - 30 min Conference Paper
This research was undertaken to explore professional development in Western Australian Government secondary schools from the perspective of the classroom teacher.

Jean Searle (Australia)
Learner Expectations and Experiences of Mature-age Students Entering University - Virtual Presentation
Reporting research on the experiences of first-year mature-age adult and vocational educations students in terms of individual histories, individual engagement and institutional affordances.

Michael Sekoto (South Africa)
From Aparthied to Democracy: The Complexities in Transforming the South African Higher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
In the Year 2001 the Minister of education launched the National Plan for Higher Education. It recognises a quality higher education system wich responds to the equity and development challenges that are critical to improving the quality of life of all South African people. The National Plan for Higher Education proposes reducing the number of higher institutions in South africa from 36 to 21. However the plan is not without any criticism, both South Africans who lost out and those who benifited from the apartheid system are oposed to the change. The debates around this issue will be fully canvassed by the author in the main text

Prof. Dr Tengku Sembok (Malaysia)
Malaysian Smart School Experience: ME Model and FITTINGS Principle - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper attempts to highlight the conceptual model of ME and FITTINGS principle which is based on the learning and pedagogical approaches deemed suitable for the learning and teaching of Mathematics. The prototype covers the whole curriculum of Mathematics for Standard One primary school children, which is used as a proof of concept for the development of the Mathematics courseware in the Malaysian Multimedia Super Corridor Smart Schools Flagship Application. The ME model comprises of three main modules, namely, reinforcement, revision, application, and management. The FITTINGS principle uses six guiding criteria in the designing process of any lesson; they are Flexible, Indirect, Thematic, Technological, Interactive, Navigative, Gaming and Simulative. The prototype is developed totally using JAVA: a programming language that makes it possible for the courseware to be placed in the Internet and used by school children not only in Malaysia but by other children around the world round the clock.

Sima Sengupta (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Knowledge Construction Online: A Peek at the Process - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper presents the various kinds of knowledge construction that took place as Hong Kong university learners participated in four partially web-based language classrooms.

Panos Seranis (United Kingdom)
Key Factors for Effective Online Language Learning: The Case of Latin - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports the findings of a major DfES funded project in the UK, whose purpose was to develop and deliver a complete interactive course for the learning of Latin.

Dr Bakhtiar Shabani (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
Constructivism and E-learning: Complexity, Possibilities and limitations - 30 min Conference Paper
The main purpose of this article is to express the nature of constructivist learning theory, principles of constructivist learning theory and its application in the E-learning

Najmuddin Shaik (United States)
Loyalty to the Distance Learning Program - Virtual Presentation
A number of studies have examined the determinants of brand loyalty in goods and services, but very little research has examined the relationship between brand loyalty and distance learning environments. To address this deficit, the influence of students' perceptions of service quality, satisfaction, and attainment of learning on their loyalty to the distance learning program was examined.

Sveltana Sharanova (Russian Federation)
Internet and Socialization: Between Teaching method and Social process. - 60 min Workshop
The problem of Internet is not only in access to information, but it is in its influence on the process of socialization.

Wendy B. Sharer (United States)
Writing and Reading for Nationalism:: Military Literacy Campaigns in WWI - 30 min Conference Paper
Literacy and nationalism connect in today’s political climate.I consider how they connected in A Soldier’s First Book, a literacy text for US recruits in WWI.

Sabariah Sharif (Malaysia)
Learning in Malaysian Smart Schools: Smart Schools in Sabah - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes the learning process in Malaysian Smart Schools which focuses on the usage of ICT in the classrooms and its impact to the students' learning process in terms of understanding, motivation and interest. In addition to the learning process itself which include approaches taken, activities designed and strategies utilised by the teachers.

Michael Shaughnessy (United States) Randy Seevers Effie Laman
The Current Status of Education of the Visually Impaired and Deaf/Blind in the US: A Current Review - 60 min Workshop
This presentation was review the current issues and trends in the Education of Students with Visual Impairments and Deaf/Blind in the United States.

Leslee Shell (United States)
"The Aftermath: Recent Restrictions on Information." - 60 min Workshop
Discusses how libraries and academic institutions have responded to restrictions and limitations on access to information following the the enactment of the USA Patriot Act and the Homeland Security bill in the United States.

Harold T Shepherd (New Zealand)
Issues in the teaching of Reading for New Zealand Teachers - 30 min Conference Paper
A description of the issues in teaching reading identified by New Zealand Primary School teachers and a comparison  with those identified by researchers.

Sherr Mitchell A. (United States) Babovich Wayne M. (United States)
Protecting Intellectual Property In The New Millennium - 30 min Conference Paper
Every industrialized nation has enacted legislation to insure the protection of intellectual property. These protections have been enacted to encourage creativity and innovation and to create incentives to facilitate the sharing of information. Without such protections the creation and distribution learning would be inhibited.

Duckhee Shin (United States)
Language and identity in Chang-Rae Lee's Native Speaker - 30 min Conference Paper

Tim Shortis (United Kingdom)
Teenager Orthography: Systematic Innovation and Deviation in the Language of Teenagers' SMS Text Messaging and Internet Chat - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper examines the systematic nature of the linguistic innovations used primarily by teenagers in their recreational uses of SMS text messaging and internet chat. Using simple corpus approaches along with interviews with students, it demonstrates the nature of the variety and its place in defining generational identities.

Gerald A Shortland-Webb (Australia) Megan A Revitt (Australia)
Education and Training in the Hospitality Industry: Re-defining boundaries. - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper addresses recent changes in education and training in the hospitality industry. The research, which is ongoing, aims to contribute to the development of hospitality industry management education as an accepted academic discipline during a time when educational boundaries are changing.

Shrestha Mona (Australia) Steve Wilson (Australia)
Building Effective Responses in Non-formal Education in Low SES Communities - 30 min Conference Paper
A collaborative process for building effective non-formal education responses in a low SES community.

Dr Arkady Shteinbok (Israel)
Teacher's Needs Running Successful Academic Courses in Distance Learning Environment: Field Experience Research - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is based on four years of field experience and research on the use of distance learning to enable high school students in geographically isolated and underdeveloped areas to study two academic courses within the framework of Bar-Ilan University’s Computer Science faculty. The project is based on an integrative model in which university and high schools work together to achieve broad educational goals.

Francine Shuchat Shaw (United States)
The Instructional Design of Educational Television Programs: Grounding Design in Cognitivist and Constructivist Theories of Learning and Models of Instruction - 30 min Conference Paper
Approaches to the design of educational television programs, based on cognitivist and constructivist theories of learning and models of instruction.

Dr Mark Shum (China)
Learning Report Writing in Senior Secondary Chinese in Melbourne and Hong Kong - 30 min Conference Paper
This cross cultural case study inquires into how apparently similar curriculum goals, ie, how L1 learners learn to write Chinese report genres at matriculation levels, are implemented in two very dissimilar contexts of culture, viz in Melbourne and Hong Kong.

Roziah Sidik (Malaysia) Ezad Azraai Jamsari (Malaysia)
Cultural Influences on Malay Students' Learning Styles - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper attempts to recognize how far the learning styles of Malay students are influenced by cultural factors.

Hara Sidiropoulou (Greece)
Linguistic Heterogeneity in the Mainstream Classroom: A Comprehensive Investigation of the Language and Pedagogical Phenomena in Multilingual Greek Primary Classes - Virtual Presentation
A multi-method empirical study of the linguistic and literacy skills of language minority pupils attending the Greek primary school in comparison with their native classmates.

Cecilia Silva (Japan)
Cultural Construction of Meaning: The Metaphor “Meaning Design” in Foreign Language Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
Combination of Narrative, Vocabulary, Exposition and Decoding-spelling with the metaphor “meaning design” in Foreign Language Learning.

Jeffery A. Simmons (United States)
Satisfaction with Web-Enhanced Learning Environments: A Meta Investigation Into the Role of Mediation Styles in Student Satisfaction - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper looks at literature from marketing and educational psychology to propose a model of learner satisfaction with web-enhanced courses.

Alyson Simpson (Australia)
Developing a Model for e-literacy Pedagogy: Book Raps as Online Multimodal Communication - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports on research into an e-literacy context, known as book raps, that allows children to explore the construction of literary texts through online discussion with other readers, writers, authors and illustrators from around the world.

Lee Simpson
Aboriginal Identity and Belonging: Classroom Contexts - Virtual Presentation
This paper uses a case study of a young Aboriginal learner to examine the ways in which he strives with issues of identity and belonging during his first year of formal schooling.

Margaret Sims (Australia)
Model for Values Teaching: Learning how Values Impact on Everyday Practice - 30 min Conference Paper
Values impact on practice. A model for teaching values has been developed and tested on students in a tertiary Children and Family Studies programme.

Kalpana Sinha (Singapore)
The Virtual Classroom: A Universitas 21 Global Research Experiment - Singpore, Malaysia and HongKong - 30 min Conference Paper
The study shows the level of acceptability of online learning and the tasks involved in implementation of a virtual university.

Saedah Siraj (Malaysia)
A Comparison of Preference in the Learning of Physics among High and Low Achievers of Secondary School Pupils - Virtual Presentation
The purpose of the study was to explore in greater depth about the learning of Physics among secondary school students and to record and analyze the differences in their ways of learning because students function in a variety of different ways in learning situation. Following review of the literature, a 44-item survey Index of Learning Style (ILS) questionnaires developed by Felder-Soloman were administered to 120 Form Four secondary school students from four different schools in the district of Klang, Selangor. The ILS was used to assess preferences on four dimensions (active/reflective, sensing/intuitive, visual/verbal and sequential/global) of learning style model formulated by Richard Felder and Linda Silverman and the results did not reflect the students’ suitability or unsuitability for a particular subject but it is hoped that the results of the study will enable the teachers to improve their teaching strategies geared towards meaningful learning situations.

Jessica Skolnikoff (United States)
The Role of the 'Other' Seen through Life Story Narratives of Adults with Learning Disabilities - Virtual Presentation
Recurring themes emerge through application of discourse analysis to the life story texts created in interviews with adults with learning disabilities.

Dr Ruslan Slutsky (United States) Katherina Danko-McGhee (United States)
Art as Litearcy: Exploring the "100 Languages of Children" - 30 min Conference Paper
The presentation will describe how early childhood teachers can implement a Reggio inspired art curriculum in their classrooms that fosters literacy. The presentation will look at how art is a bridge to literacy and how the '100 languages' can help children construct knowledge and serve as a forum for knowing.

BetsAnn Smith (United States)
School and After-School: Dependent or Independent? - 30 min Conference Paper
Paper analyzes transformations in the goals, boundaries and activities of school organizations and after-school programs in relation to each other.

Craig Smith (United States) W. Bee Crews
The Efficacy of a Field-based Undergraduate Teacher Training Model - 30 min Conference Paper
New teachers are often overwhelmed by demands of the real world after unrealistic teacher training that does not prepare them for what is encountered in schools.

Dr Cynthia R. Smith (United States)
Building a Research Partnership: Concentric Circles of Conversation - 30 min Conference Paper
This study includes a parallel structure for What Learning Means by addressing the kinds of knowledge and skills teachers and their students need.

Helen Smith (Australia) Sherridan Maxwell (Australia)
Systems and Serendipity:: The Community Empowerment Program - 30 min Conference Paper
Outlines the features of the Community Empowerment Program, and the way a national qualification has been customised to assist community representatives to advocate on behalf of their community

Jewel E. Smith (United States)
Reconceptualizing Citizenship Education: From Margin to Center - Virtual Presentation
This paper considers, and, ultimately, rejects the traditional approach to citizenship education in the United States, as an undermining factor in the efforts to confront and examine the long-standing, critical geography of marginalized groups in society, and, consequently, for its lack of vital contribution to the languishing discourse around socially just, democratic values and institutions, and the civil associations that, arguably, sustain them.

Jim Smith (United States)
HHMI/LON-CAPA: 'Anatomy and Physiology' of Online Learning Guides for Introductory Biology - 30 min Conference Paper
Dr Smith will be discussing his experiences using online learning modules covering various aspects of Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology.

Pat Smith (Australia)
Critical pedagogy and situated practice: An ethnographic approach to preservice teacher education - 30 min Conference Paper
Model of desocialising curriculum with Freirean themes for preservice teachers, as ethnographers, studying language and habits of a school community.

Olusegun Sogunro (United States)
Censorship of Educational Resources: A Critical Focus for a Successful Multicultural Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Evidence abounds that the selection and use of textbooks and instructional materials have a tremendous influence in the education of a child.

Inge P Sonnekus (South Africa)
Ascertaining Personal Qualities of Computer Educators - Virtual Presentation
Computer educators are in short supply. To remedy this, their personal qualities are explored, in order to identify Computer Educators who are Destined to Achieve Results (CEDARs).

Kimberly Spoor (United States)
Preserving and Revitalizing the Anishinaabe Language: An Exploration of Adult Indigenous Language Immersion Models - 30 min Conference Paper
With estimates that ten languages die out every year and that 90% of the world's languages will be lost in the 21st century, grassroots initiatives to preserve cultural heritages are urgently needed.

Dr. Barbara A. Sposet (United States)
Enhancing Cultural Divesity in the K-12 Classroom:: What to Teach and How to Teach It - Virtual Presentation
The work will focus on the development of culture learning in children as well as strategies that encourage culturally-relevant teaching.

Stephanie Springgay (Canada)
A/R/Tography as a Living Practice: Re-imaging Visual Encounters of Space, Language, and Knowledge - 60 min Workshop
A/R/Tography is a way to envision and re-conceptualize aesthetic experiences which includes seeing the unordinary and finding ways to express the hidden, the difficult, and the uncertain.

Lakhsmi Srinivasan (India)
Strategies Adopted for Diffusion of Technology Among TANWA - 30 min Conference Paper
Tamil Nadu Women in Agriculture - Project funded by DANIDA (Danish Government)

Brian Start (Australia)
Testing at the Extremes/Abnormality of Gauss: Tyranny of Age in School/Classroom Practices - 60 min Workshop
Assessment outside the inner range of individual differences contain many questionable assumptions.

Dr Andi Stein (United States)
Is it Really Cheating?: Student Perceptions of Academic Integrity - 30 min Conference Paper
A study of student perceptions of academic integrity and the Internet, based on a survey of writing students enrolled at a major Southern California University.

Dr Jean A. Steitz (United States)
CyberEthics - Virtual Presentation
This paper reviews the current research on cyberethics, relating it to general theories about morality in our culture.

Paul Steyn (South Africa)
Executive Learning and Knowledge Management : Does Corporate Education Really Deliver Successors? - 30 min Conference Paper
The management of learning and the acquisition of knowledge and skills of employees, and especially those who are designated to be in the succession loop to senior management, should be an integral part of an organisation's planning and development cycle.

Trudie Steyn (South Africa)
Establishing a Learning Environment through Knowledge Management: A Case Study - 30 min Conference Paper
The growing recognition of the value of knowledge embedded in skills, abilities and experiences of people, has become an unfolding discourse known as knowledge management.

Dr Russell Stockard Jr. (United States) Dr Ali Akbari (United States)
Stretching Horizons: Information Technology Education and Career Aspirations - 30 min Conference Paper
The research reported on examines the influences on information technology education and career aspirations of underrepresented U.S. students of color.

Linda Stonecipher (United States) Mary C. M. Bucy (United States)
Problem-based Service Learning in a Preservice Teacher Education Program - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes the development, implementation, and assessment of a problem-based service learning project in a teacher program.

Dr Elaine Stotko (United States) Dr Teresa T. Field (United States) Dr Angelique Renee Arrington (United States) Dr Mary Ellen Beatty-O'Ferrrall (United States)
Blending Theory, Practice and Assessment in a Real-World Model of Teacher Education - 30 min Conference Paper
Preliminary research on graduate-level teacher preparation program that allows for 'real world learning' and a blending of theory and practice through critical reflection.

Greg Stratton (Australia)
Whose story is it anyway?: A narrative case study of how academic literacy is constructed in a contested site. - 60 min Workshop
This workshop looks at a narrative analysis of how academic literacy is constructed by academics in a pre-tertiary corse for Indigenous Australians.

Magda Stroinska (Canada) Vikki Cecchetto (Canada)
International Classroom Dynamics:: The Impact of the Multicultural Academic Community - 60 min Workshop
As no assumptions are possible about international students’ knowledge or learning styles, teachers often resort to ethnic stereotyping

Cathleen K. Stutz (United States)
An Exploration of Teaching Writing in an Age of High Stakes Assessments - 30 min Conference Paper
How do secondary English teachers negotiate the demands of high stakes writing assessments on their work with students?

Min-hsun Su (Taiwan)
An Investigation of English Language Learning Strategies of Grade 5-6 students in Taipei, Taiwan - 30 min Conference Paper
This study investigated the English language learning variables affecting the use of language learning strategies in selected schools in Taipei, Taiwan. A total of 932 grade 5 and grade 6 students in elementary schools in Taipei, Taiwan participated in this study. The researcher found that students reported using six dimensions of language-learning strategies, all in medium-use levels: cognitive strategies, social strategies, association strategies, compensation strategies, assistance strategies, and constructive learning strategies. Gender difference exists in the students’ use of language learning strategy. English learning experience was found mostly significantly related to the use of language-learning strategies. Significant differences were found between students’ self-rating English proficiency level and the use of language-learning strategies. In addition, students’ self-perception of the EFL teacher’s teaching method and curriculum was found to be significantly related to the use of language-learning strategies.

Dr Rosemary Suliman (Australia)
Children of Migrant Families in Australia: Language Proficiency and School Achievement - 60 min Workshop
The Language Proficiency of students from migrant homes who grow up with more than one language and the relationship of this to their academic achievement at school.

Jill Sunday Bartoli (United States)
Barriers and Bridges to Anti-Racist Teaching and Learning - 60 min Workshop
Focus on the bridges to anti-racist teaching and learning: What approaches are successful in creating equity and a collaborative pursuit of social justice.

Lorraine Sushames (Australia) MaryAnn Bin-Sallik (Australia)
Where Policy and People Intersect, Literacies for Changing Work Paradigms - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper considers the literacies required for the changing world of work against current policy frameworks, and explores them within the context of adult learners as they re-engage in education to meet the challenges of entering or re-entering the workforce.

Lourdes SĂĄnchez-LĂłpez (United States)
Learning Culture through the Transnational Classroom - 60 min Workshop
The Transnational Classroom was recently implemented to enhance study abroad participation and give language learners a unique cultural perspective through technology

Globalization and the Emerging New Society in Malaysia: The Role of Education - Virtual Presentation
This paper aims to explore to what extend does eduaction in Malaysia pleay a role in inculcating responsible global citizenship values among students in higher learning institutions.

Jennifer Poh Sim Tan (Singapore)
What Goes on After School?: Literacy Events which Take Place Outside of the Formal Learning Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is part of an on-going study of literacy events which occur among children living in residential care.

Jung-Chang Tang (Taiwan)
Functional Analysis of Stereotypical Finger-moving in an Adolescent with Severe Disabilities - 30 min Conference Paper
The current study included two experiments that functionally analyzed stereotypical behaviour.

Mr. Wai Yan Tang (China)
Teacher as Performing Artist: Creating Multiple Learning Pathways through Dialogue - Virtual Presentation
This paper argues with Seymour Sarason’s view that “Teaching As a Performing Art” is an illuminating concept contributing very much to our understanding of how collaboration and collegiality can be seen in a new light, which requires our teachers to link different professional intelligences, using Gardner’s notion of the term, to create stimulating learning pathways through which our students can really benefit.

Dr Thomas K. W. Tang (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
The Meaning of Learning and the Meaning of Teaching: Implications for Teacher Development - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes how teachers consider the meanings of learning and of teaching These meanings have important implications for the development of teaching approaches.

Winnie Tang (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
How Departments in a University Create Learning Context that have Significant Impact on Quality of Student Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This study demonstrates how departments in a university create learning context that have significant impact on quality of student learning.

Denny Taylor (United States) Amy Hsu Jacqueline Darvin Elite Ben-Yosef (United States)
Paradigms and Metatheories: Resisting the New Word Order - 60 min Workshop
Our task is to use the ethnographic data to challenge existing paradigms, and to develop new theoretical understandings of literacy [1] as social practice embedded in activities [2] which are highly dependent upon our understandings of “mind” [both cognitive and biological]. We will examine the ways in which ethnographic perspectives of literacy can inform our understandings of research which focuses on [1] phonemic awareness and phonics; [2] words; [3] sentences; [4] text; [5] language; [6] discourse; [7] literacy events; [8] literacy practices; and [9] social activities. We will discuss the epistemological underpinnings of research studies which focus on literacy from these different paradigmatic [reductionist/expansionist] frameworks and examine the ways in which these research approaches can inform our ethnographic research.

Irene Tempone (Australia) Janet Gregory (Australia) Trevor Tyson (Australia)
Who cares about groupwork? - 30 min Paper Presentation
A study to investigate the many aspects of groupwork experienced by academics so as to gain insight into the student experience.

Lilly Tennant (United Arab Emirates) Dr Lynne Snyder
If it Takes a Village, Then We'd Better Educate the Villagers: Preservice Teachers' Attitudes and Beliefs about the Inclusion of Students with Severe Disabilities - 30 min Conference Paper
The intent of this study was to surface and understand one critical aspect of inclusive education: the preconceived attitudes and beliefs of entering preservice teachers regarding inclusive education for students with severe disabilities as described by the preservice teachers themselves. Individual interviews were conducted with 35 preservice teachers at a University in the United States. The study used a qualitative approach to determine the attitudes and beliefs of preservice teachers toward the inclusion of students with severe disabilities as they entered their teacher preparation programs. The most significant finding of this study was that the preservice teachers attributed the underlying basis of their beliefs about inclusive education to prior experiences in their schools, families, and communities. These teachers will have the power to influence the attitudes and beliefs of the members of the "villages" in which they teach. The findings of this research should help teacher educators better prepare preservice teachers for inclusive education.

Susan S Thembekwayo (South Africa)
Content of Literacy Programmes in South Africa: A Case Study - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper examines the contents of Afrikaans Literacy Materials for ABET level 1 used in South Africa from Project Literacy,Operation Upgrade and New Stimela.

Assoc Professor Dr. Padmani Mildred Thiyagarajah (Malaysia)
Learning English in Malaysian Rural Secondary Schools: Difficulties, Learning Styles & Strategies and Motivation - 30 min Conference Paper
The lack of success in learning English among pupils in rural schools has contributed much to the rural-urban divide in Malaysia. The need to solve our national problem of achieving desirable levels of English language proficiency among our rural students has prompted the study of fundamental issues concerning learners’ difficulties, learning styles & strategies and motivation. This paper will report on the following findings of the research study carried out: difficulties rural students face in learning English; learning styles and strategies used in learning English; students’ motivation in learning English and its relationship with strategies used. The implications of these findings for the teaching and learning of English in rural schools will be discussed.

Dr Dale E. Thompson (United States) Buddy Lyle Cecelia Thompson (United States) Betsy Orr (United States)
A Comparison of Learners' Perceptions of Web and Interactive Video Classes - 30 min Conference Paper
Students in web and interactive video classes were surveyed to determine positive and negative aspects of delivery systems and perceived learning.

Lisa Thompson (South Africa)
Information Literacy: Issues and Challenges for a South African University - 30 min Conference Paper
Basic information literacy programmes at the University of Pretoria have resulted in the need to refocus courses onto the effective communication and wise use of information.

Robert Thompson (Australia)
Learning Managers: A New Generation of Teachers - 30 min Conference Paper
The Bachelor of Learning Management was a major re-think of a teacher education degree. 2003 will see the first cohort graduate. How successful have we been?

Pat Thomson (Australia)
No-one is a Good or Bad Student Here: Active Citizenship Projects as Justice in the Vernacular - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper discusses three action research projects investigating the pedagogies of active citizenship.

Paul Throssell
Don't let an old person get inside you! Agelessness, a Lifelong Experience of being Alive - 30 min Conference Paper
Discusses an ongoing PhD study on the link between lifelong learning and agelessness. Two focus groups, consisting of people from post-compulsory age to their 90's, discussed descriptive characteristics of 'agelessness' arising from an earlier part of the study, and related these to lifelong learning and social wellbeing within socio-culturally situated practice.

Dr Agnes Fung Yee Tiwari (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Dr Kwan Hok Yuen (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
The Association of critical thinking and problem solving in Chinese nursing students - 30 min Conference Paper
This is a qualitative study exploring the possible association of critical thinking and problem solving in a group of Chinese nursing students in Hong Kong.

Janice Tolman (United States)
With and Within the Social Order: Cultural Politics and Adult Language Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
Through narratives told by adult students, the ESL classroom becomes the site for cultivating voices of resistance and forming transcultural identities.

Marianne Torbert (United States) Lynne B. Schneider (United States)
Prerequisites to Learning: Developing the “Basics to the Basics” through Active Group Games - 60 min Workshop
There are “basics” that underlie the traditional basics. We have begun to look at what is truly basic to the ability to learn. Underlying the processes of input, processing, utilization, and retention are very relevant foundation skills. For example, children who have never learned to focus and pay attention will have difficulty processing input and developing the sense of familiarity that allow for pattern recognition. Children who have gained these skills experience success, which produces feelings of competency and positive self-regard. Evidence of the contribution that one skill makes to the growth of other skills is seen throughout the learning process. A few of the interactive (reciprocal) skills involved are focusing and paying attention; concentrating and perceiving; generating alternatives and making decisions. Selected, active games can become a pleasurable means (tool) by which children can gain many of the foundation skills that will allow them to interact more effectively with their world.

Timothy Touzel (United States)
The Development of a Mathematics Learning Community - 30 min Conference Paper
Teachers at all levels have difficulty bringing students into their domain of learning, particularly the science and mathematics domains.

David Townsend (Canada) Pamela Adams
The Alberta Initiative for School Improvement: Effects on Leadership, Teacher Professional Growth, and Student Learning. - 30 min Conference Paper
The Alberta Initiative for School Improvement (AISI) represents an ambitious attempt by the provincial government to influence teacher professional growth and student learning through direct funding.

Michelle Trim (United States)
Instructions not included: How student- teacher writing conferences as naturalized practicies create barriers for first generation college students - 30 min Conference Paper
Explores current scholarship concerning the pedagogical value and politics of student-teacher writing conferences and provides analysis from the perspective of a first generation university student

Stephen Trotter (United States)
Computer Usage Patterns of African American Female College Students: A Comparison of Digital Divide Perceptions and Reality - 30 min Conference Paper
A comparison of computer usage patterns of black versus white female graduate students. The majority of data suggest deficits in access and usage for black students in comparison to white students. The current research casts doubt on universal applicability of that premise. The sample of over 30 black females suggest that they are at least as computer savvy as there white female counterparts.

Yu-hsin Tsai (Taiwan)
Dr Chang Chi-yun on the Aims of University Education - Virtual Presentation
Today as universities mushroom and grow utilitarian, it is advisable to listen to what the past education-philosophers have said about the aims of university education, for a renewed perception of university education.

Neo Tse Kian
Using Multimedia as an Instructional Tool in a Constructivist-based Classroom: A Malaysian Perspective - 30 min Conference Paper
In recent years, with the rapid progress of the information and communication technology (ICT), it has become feasible and affordable to integrate multimedia technology into digital teaching and learning and this is transforming the scenario in our educational system.

Debra Tyler (Australia) Helen Stokes (Australia)
Engaging Early School Leavers in Alternative Educational Settings - 30 min Conference Paper
A minority of young people continue to leave school early. Alternative educational settings such as Technical and Further Education (TAFE) and Adult Community Education (ACE) provide an opportunity for these young people to re-engage in education in a supportive environment. This presentation will report on 6 programs across Australia that successfully re-engage young people in an educational setting.

Dr Carroll Tyminski (United States)
An Alternative Approach to Preventing Student Alienation and School Violence through Teacher Education Curricula: Using Service-Learning to Promote a Sense of Belonging that Embraces Human Diversity - 30 min Conference Paper
Teacher education curricula & human diversity.

Sheila Vaidya (United States)
Literature-based Reading and Writing as Tools to Improve Science Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This project demonstrates how humanities education in reading, writing, speaking and listening can be incorporated in middle school curriculum to teach science.

Timote M Vaioleti (New Zealand)
TALANOA: Opportunity for Cultural Learning and Research for Pacific and Indigenous Peoples in New Zealand.: Can Invalid Research Methodology Produce Valid Findings? - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper argues against Western research methods and for using emancipatory and cultural methods to find knowledge & solutions for Pacific issues.

Ntombizolile C. G. Vakalisa (South Africa)
The Core Business of Initial Formal Education: A Reflexive Analysis of the Function of School and University - 30 min Conference Paper
This is a reflexive analysis of the function of formal education offered by schools and universities. There is a tendency of blaming formal education institutions for all the problems that face humanity. This paper redefines the place of school and university within a society. Among other things it challenges the accusation that unemployment is caused by failure of schools to prepare learners for the job-market. It argues that the basic literacy, numeracy and thinking skills which schools and universities are tasked to develop among learners are all these instutions can manage within the limited time at their disposal. These should set learners on the right path towards life-long learning as they take their positions in society.

Prof. Johan van Rooyen (South Africa) Prof. Johan Hough (South Africa)
Electronic Learning: Strategy to Enhance Education in Developing Countries - 30 min Conference Paper
This article explores the communication profiles of developing, least developed and selected Southern African countries, asynchronous and synchronous instruction and the Internet and distance-learning technologies.

Eva Vass (United Kingdom)
Just a Little Help from my Friend: Learning to Compose and Evaluate Creative Texts through Peer Interaction - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper explores the social aspect of literacy practices, linking classroom-based work to social practices 'outside school'.

Vermeulen Jacques (South Africa) N. McFarlane (South Africa)
The Relationship between English Language Proficiency and Lifelong Learning at the Vaal Triangle Technikon, South Africa - 30 min Conference Paper
The focus of this paper is twofold: firstly, to investigate the relationship between the perceived level of English language proficiency and the actual level of proficiency and secondly the influence of this relationship on the instructional strategies incorporated at the Vaal Triangle Technikon in order to overcome these barriers within the lifelong learning context.

Sofia Villenas (United States)
Diaspora Latina Mothers in the American South: Education, Pedagogy and Performance in the Borderlands - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper centers Latina mothers‚ education and pedagogies in the borderlands of North Carolina.

Dr Ed Vos (New Zealand)
Design Web - 30 min Conference Paper
Using web based computer technology, we present a method of concept alignemnt, a teaching platform, and a high quality management tool.

Dr Patricia Wachholz (United States) Lois Christensen
Constructing Knowledge Together: Implications of Teacher Action-research as a Professional Development Model - 30 min Conference Paper
Teachers conducted research with university, peer collaboration; examines results; considers teacher-research potential in school reform initiatives.

Tim Walker (Australia) Basil Psanoudakis
From Desert to Deep Space: Designing Digital Drama - 30 min Conference Paper
Translating film into multimedia performances in high schools has eroded the audience’s position, replacing it with digital participants.

Jason J. Wallin (Canada)
Curriculum in the Age of the Clone - Virtual Presentation
"Curriculum in the age of the clone" seeks to critically address the inscription of educational discourses within the circulation of legitimizing cultural sign systems.

Kevin Walsh (Jamaica)
Literature-based Learning in Rural Jamaican Schools: A Study of the Impact of Liteature-Based Literacy Teaching and Learning Approaches in Rural Jamaican Primary and All Age Schools - 30 min Conference Paper
A review of recent initiatives in literature-based teaching and learning in Jamaican Primary and All Age schools.

Tim Walsh (United States)
Art, Identity, and Teaching Second Language Literacy - 60 min Workshop
Teachers' use of novel literacy materials with diverse groups of learners, and practical and theoretical implications of their experiences.

Angela Ward (Canada) Nayda Veeman (Canada)
Opportunities to Learn: A Case Study of Adult Literacy in a Canadian Prairie Town - 30 min Conference Paper
This case study is part of a larger Canadian project that uses naturalistic inquiry and a social policy perspective to increase understanding of adult learners' experiences of literacy against a politicized backdrop of national and provincial adult education policies.

Michael Waring (United Kingdom)
Creating a Framework for Learning: The Critical Analysis of a Virtual Learning Environment Developed for Use With Trainee Teachers - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper discusses the design, implementation and critical analysis of a virtual learning environment (VLE) used as part of an initial teacher education course in England.

Hersh Waxman (United States) Yolanda Padron (United States) Hui-Li Chang (United States)
Reducing the Achievement Gaps Between Resilient and Non-Resilient English Language Learners - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper summarizes a series of studies conducted by the U.S. Department of Education, Center on Education, Diversity and Excellence that focuses on reducing the achievement gaps between resilient and non-resilient students.

Jenni Way (Australia)
E-Learning Trends in Australian Primary Schools - 30 min Conference Paper
Report of innovations and trends in the use of ICT to ehance literacy and numeracy in 1300 primary schools across Australia.

Dr Paula E. Weaver (United States) Trina Pouttu (Canada)
Facilitator Requirements in an Online Collaborative Learning Environment: Where Does the Time Go? - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores the factors specific to an online learning environment that require an increased load on the facilitator’s time.

Dr Linda Webb (United States) Delber Jarma (United States) Charles Bowen T.C. Chan (United States)
Teacher Leaders for Increased Student Achievement: The Critical Factor for Today's Changing Schools - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will present results of findings from research with a group of classroom teachers completing a master's degree in Educational Leadership to assume new roles in today's more collaborative schools in an era of high-stakes accountability.

Angelina Weenie (Canada) Herman Michell (Canada) Marjorie Lavallee (Canada)
Transformative Education: Aboriginal Views on Learning in the World of the Near Future ---- SEE P000602 - 30 min Conference Paper
The presentation will discuss how Aboriginal philosophical views can inform learning in the world of the near future.

Jonathan Weisbart (United States)
How an Arts Education Can Aid in the Cognitive and Emotional Development of a Child - 30 min Conference Paper
The impact of art education on cognitive and emotional development in relation to the theories of Piaget, Vygotsky, and Gardner.

Dr Terri L. Wenzlaff (United States) Dr Katherine C. Wieseman (United States)
Teacher Learning in a Practiced- and Cohort-based Graduate Program - Virtual Presentation
This study about a program designed to respond to teachers' preferences suggests that empowerment and learning by doing are key for learning.

Dr Wesso (South Africa)
Developing competency in comprehending scientific text - 30 min Conference Paper
A cognition-based instruction method is described to improve the accessibility of science text content to students who read to learn.

Deborah Wesson (United States)
The Internet for Teachers: Resources for Everyone! - 60 min Workshop
Although much of the world takes the availability of Internet resources for granted, there are still large numbers of educators who are not aware of the potential of the World Wide Web or feel intimidated by the technology and skills needed to make efficient use of the Internet.

Gary J. West (United Kingdom)
Learning Locality: Inter-generational narratives of place and belonging in a Scottish local education project - Virtual Presentation
A case study is presented of the inter-generational sharing of oral narratives that can help to foster a sense of belonging and local identity.

Goodith White (United Kingdom) John Holmes (United Kingdom)
Small languages fight back : the consequences for learning and teaching languages - 30 min Conference Paper
It is commonly assumed that one of the effects of globalisation will be the disappearance of smaller languages. However, there are certain features of globalisation which actually facilitate the development of smaller languages. We focus on classrooms in Eritrea in which English is being taught side by side with a reviving ‘small’ language, Bilen, and examine the different methodologies which have evolved to teach the two languages, and the implications for the revival of small languages through education.

Jeanne E. Whitney (United States)
Developing an Appreciation for Diverse Perspectives in our Future Educators: The Role of History and General Education - 30 min Conference Paper
In my General Education history classes I combine diverse content with creative and thought-provoking assignments, exercises and discussions to challenge students to use the past to explore issues of diversity and to appreciate the distinctive perspectives other people possess.

Alyson Whyte (United States)
The Visual and the Verbal in Secondary School English: Drawings and Visual Arguments by Preservice Teachers - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper reports results of a study of preservice teachers' appropriation of conceptual and pedagogical tools for teaching composition as the production of visual as well as verbal communication.

Bettie Wiechers (South Africa)
The Emotional and Academic Effects of a Group Intervention Programme on Adolescents of Divorce - 30 min Conference Paper
This study was designed to test the hypotheses that adolescents of divorce who participate in a group intervention programme would exhibit less depression, less anxiety, an increased self-concept and improved school performance. Eight participants were evaluated both before and after participation in the intervention programme. The programme did not serve to insulate the members against the negative effects of divorce. However, it did alter their conceptions about the divorce, reduce feelings of anxiety and depression and enhance their self-concept and academic performance.

Dr Katherine C. Wieseman (United States) Dr Terri L. Wenzlaff (United States)
Mandated Standards-based Electronic Portfolio Assessment for Measuring of Preservice Teacher Quality - 30 min Conference Paper
Findings of this study revealed that reflection focused on technological survival, not reflective teaching and a macro-context of schooling.

Kathlyn Y. Wiggins-Jones PhD (United States)
A Comparative Study of High School Comfort Level with Student Diversity: Going Global from a Local Perspective - Virtual Presentation
This paper discusses the potential seeds of violence by presenting the findings from a Comfort Level Survey designed to measure high school students attitudes towards student diversity

Dr Kerrie Wilde (Australia)
Teachers as Learners: Developing a Research Culture in Schools - 30 min Conference Paper
AbbSearch, the Centre for Education Research in Schools, is a Professional Development initiative of Abbotsleigh that has proved instrumental in developing a research culture in the school. AbbSearch has been successful in supporting and empowering teachers to take control of their own learning, enabling them to play an important role in changing teaching practice and contributing to school decisions through valid and reliable research approaches.

Anne Wilks (Australia)
Empowering Parents and Children as a Move Towards Developing a Partnership Around Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
How can parents and children be empowered within the assessment processes to develop a real partnership around learning?

Bronwyn T. Williams (United States)
Literacy, Popular Culture, and the Middle School Classroom - 30 min Conference Paper
This presentation explores the ways in which popular culture literacy and print literacy converge, connect, and conflict in writing classrooms.

Diana Wilson (United States)
Tribal Partnerships in Higher Education: Bridging Academic Scholarship with Cultural Scholarship - Virtual Presentation
A tribal learning community and educational exchange matching higher educational resources with Native American expertise.

Eleanor Wilson (United States)
Technology Implementation in Teacher Education: Design and Challenges in Elementary Preservice Programs - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper describes potential barriers, successful strategies, and unanticipated outcomes related to elementary preservice students’ field-based application of technology skills.

Steve Wilson (Australia) Shrestha Mona (Australia)
Conceptualising Key Issues in Non-formal Education in a low SES Community in Australia - 30 min Conference Paper
A study of research into non formal education which identified 6 key issues which need addressing to improve social capital and personal empowerment outcomes.

Alexander W. Wiseman (United States)
Does Teacher Preparation Really Matter?: A Cross-national Analysis of the Influence of Teacher Preparation on Student Performance - Virtual Presentation
This paper presents evidence suggesting that while teacher preparation is important, it is not a significant predictor of student achievement in most nations.

Dilanthe Withanage (Sri Lanka)
The Use of IT in Sri Lankan Schools: National School IT Policy and Implementation - 30 min Conference Paper
Discussing the issues of implementing the National School IT Policy and programs in Sri Lankan Schools.

Norbert W. Witt (Canada)
Reinforcing Aboriginal Identity? : A Discussion of Bi-cultural Education of Canadian First Nation Children in View to Conserving and Strengthening their Cultural Heritage - 30 min Conference Paper
The paper discusses the problems of basing bi-cultural education on mainstream culture instead of the learners' culture.

Lily Wong (Singapore)
The Cultural Values of Singaporean Adolescents: Value Perceptions - 30 min Conference Paper
A preliminary report of the perceived cultural values of Singaporean adolescents aged 11-14 in relation to themselves, their immediate environment and the wider societal context.

Chaw Seng Woo (Malaysia)
Introducing Problem-Based Learning into Computer Science Lectures: a Malaysian Experiment - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper presents the initial experiment of introducing Problem-Based Learning (PBL) approach into computer science lectures in the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya in Malaysia. The methods and strategies involved are discussed. Obstacles encountered and steps taken to overcome it are described. The outcome of this experiment, particularly the advantages and disadvantages for the students, are analyzed and synthesized. Finally, various considerations are proposed in order to enhance the adoption of PBL in computer science subjects.

Elizabeth J. Wood (Canada)
Reclaiming Education: A Performance/Paper in Multiple Voices - 60 min Workshop
Reclaiming Education poetically presents an alternative to the traditional university course. It documents the creating of a learning environment in which all voices counted.

Elizabeth J. Wood (Canada)
The Power of Multiple Voices: The Story Behind Reclaiming Education - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of Reclaiming Education, an alternative undergraduate learning environment where all voices counted.

Dr. Karen Woodman (Australia)
Unlimited Access: The Real Benefits of Online Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores a number of myths regarding the perceived advantages and disadvantages of graduate study in the 'virtual' classroom.

Diana T. Wu (United States)
The Importance of Learning Liberal Arts Education for Business Students in a Changing Global Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
The learning outcomes of any Business progarams must be inclusive of the liberal arts education component.

Prof. David C. Wyld (United States)
Knowing the World and All That is in It: A New Approach to Developing International Literacy Amongst College Students for Today’s Global Economy - Virtual Presentation
This paper overviews the state of Americans’ geographic awareness and describes one unviversity’s novel response to equip business students with the requisite knowledge for succeeding in international business.

Koji Yamashita (Japan)
Trial of Public Opinion Channel with Children in Camping Environment - 30 min Conference Paper
Report on the field trial of Public Opinion Channel with grade school children in camping environment

Karen L. Yanowitz (United States)
Developmental Differences in Transfer of Structure-related and Arbitrary Information in Analogical Reasoning - 30 min Conference Paper
Analogies aid in learning a new domain. Results show structural factors may influence and limit children's use of analogies.

Dr. Choichiro Yatani (United States)
A Japanese Teacher in America: From Pearl Harbor to 9/11 - 60 min Workshop
Best symbolized by such a notion as "from Pearl Harbor to 9/11," this workshop presents a Japanese account of Americans' image of the enemy while teaching psychology and sociology in colleges in New York for over 15 years. When the students in his classes have very little knowledge about the history and geography of the world including their own country, teaching became an extremely challenging task for their foreign professor, especially in case of his country being considered as an enemy to the United States or himself being labeled as an undesirable alien by their government.

Yau C.M. (Singapore)
Student Motivation in Learning Electronics in Design and Technology: Singapore Schools - 30 min Conference Paper
A series of research workshops to investigate the students' motivation in learning electronics in D&T

Prof. Carol Camp Yeakey (United States)
Governmental and Institutional Policies That Limit Access and Persistence for Low-income Students in the U.S. - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will discuss the policy implications of three recent actions by the federal and state governments in the U.S. that will have a major impact on access and persistence in postsecondary education.

Jung-Hua Yeh (Taiwan)
How Group Structures Affect the Tasks in Science Learning: A Case Study about the Influence of Natural Science Museum Visiting to 7th Grade Science Learning Groups - 30 min Conference Paper
Drawing upon the expectation state theory and social identity theory, this study assumed there is group structure exists in each science learning group. That would cause power and prestige orders differentiate. This study aimed at describing how the patterns of science-learning groups’ power and prestige order effect on science learning, especially for the activity of visiting natural science museum.

Yelland Nicola (Australia)
Creating opportunities for new learning with ICT - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper will explore children's learning in computer contexts

Funda Yercan (Turkey)
Interactive Learning Online in Maritime Education - 30 min Conference Paper
The purpose of this paper is to review the changes in the learning environment with specific considerations. This study focuses on the fundamental understanding of the use of technology in teaching, particularly in the maritime field.

Dr Mutsuko Yokota (Japan)
Japanese College Students' Awareness of Drinking and Alcohol use in their Lives - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper is based on an opinion survey designed to examine the attitudes of Japanese college students toward drinking and alcohol use and abuse. The survey used the responses of 360 college students in the Kansai (Kyoto and Osaka) area of Japan during the year 2002-2003.

Dr Kwan Hok Yuen (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China) Dr Agnes Fung Yee Tiwari (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Peer tutoring as a means of enhancing nursing students’ professional development - 30 min Conference Paper
Peer tutoring has been used in higher education with positive outcomes. In nursing education, the use of peer tutoring is still a novel idea. In this study, peer tutoring is used to help novice nursing students in the socialization process.

Jessica Zacher (United States)
Gender and Identity in Literacy Events: Girls and Boys Reading and Writing in the Fifth Grade - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper presents findings from an ethnographic study of the contextual salience of gender as it intersects race and social class in literacy events in a San Francisco, California, integrated fifth grade classroom.

Prof. Dr Halimah Zaman (Malaysia) Prof. Dr Tengku Sembok (Malaysia) Assoc. Prof. Dr Norhayati Abdul Mukti (Malaysia)
A Multimedia Based Tutoring System (MEL) to Motivate Literacy: Towards the Creation of an Information Society in Malaysia - 30 min Conference Paper
MEL is divided into three levels: Level 1 suitable for children between the ages 4-5 years old; Level 2 suitable for children between the ages 6-7 and Level 3 suitable for Children between the ages 8-9 years old. The system in the package consists of four main modules: 'Cerita' or Story Module, 'Aktiviti Lanjutan 1' or Related Activities 1 Module, 'Aktiviti Lanjutan 2' or Related Activities 2 Module, and the 'Aktiviti Kreatif' or Creative Activity Module. The key modules as well as the design and development approaches of this multimedia based tutoring system have been designed to motivate literacy through a unique program.

Sandra Zappa-Hollman (Canada)
Linguistic and Socio-cultural Challenges of ESL Graduate Students: The Example of Academic Presentations in History and Engineering Courses - 30 min Conference Paper
This work describes the linguistic and socio-cultural challenges faced by ESL graduate students presenting in a history and an engineering course.

Margaret Zeegers (Australia)
To Registrate and/or Deregistrate: Getting onto and off the - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper focuses on the registration of supervisors as a crucial element in constructs and practices of postgraduate studies in Australian universities.

Margaret Zeegers (Australia) Rupert Russell (Australia)
From Slogan to Pedagogy: Teacher Education and Reflection at the University of Ballarat - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper focuses on pedagogy as a crucial element in approaching constructs and practice of reflective writing in a First Year teacher education program.

Susan Zeig (United States)
All They Deserve: Stories from the New York City Public Schools - 30 min Conference Paper
Video offers an opportunity to jump-start discussion about public education where a struggle is taking place between alternative, small-school models and implementation of particular sets of standards.

Tamar Zelniker (Israel) Rachel Hertz-Lazarowitz (Israel)
School-Family Partnership for Jews and Arabs in a Mixed City in Israel - 30 min Conference Paper
An Arab-Jewish School-Family Partnership in Acre improved the academic performance of students and promoted coexistence in this mixed Jewish-Arab city in Israel.

Ben Zhang (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China)
Interlanguage and communication strategy: A study of advanced learners of Putonghua (Mandarin) in Hong Kong - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper seeks to establish connections between interlanguage and communication strategy of second language acquisition based on a case study of advanced Cantonese learners of Putonghua (Mandarin) in Hong Kong context. In light of the theories on interlanguage and communication strategies, this paper argues that, if the second language communication happens between advanced learners and other learners, the structure of interlanguage used by the speaker is partly determined by the listener’s competency in the target language.

Mania Ziridis
'A Practical Approach to Multiple Intelligences Theory: Its Implemention to an Elementary School.' - 60 min Workshop
With MI theory, the question moves from 'how smart are you?' to 'how are you smart?' All human beings possess all of the intelligences, but we differ in our relative strengths and weaknesses.

Che Zulkhairi Abdullah (Malaysia)
Knowledge Mapping: Gis for Distributed Learning - Virtual Presentation
Utilising GIS for acknowledging, structuring(with layers/node), positioning of information for any purposes and distributing for content improvisation and localisation to specific requirement of any individuals,groups; or to be built to form any new function.

Connie Zulu (South Africa)
Addressing Educational Disadvantage at Institutional Level: The Case of a Historically Disadvantaged Institution in South Africa - Virtual Presentation
Summarises initiatives currently in place to address educational disadvantage of black students in a South African university. It discusses national, institutional and classroom-based efforts to redress the educational inequalities of the past.

Vicky Zygouris-Coe Timothy Blair Donna Baumbach (United States)
A New Era in Building Teachers' Literacy Knowledge and Strengthening Students' Achievement - 60 min Workshop
An online statewide reading project designed to help teachers improve reading instruction in grades preK-12

Dr. Kathie black (Canada)
Helping Students Become Better Teachers Through Explicit Instruction on the Nature of Science - Virtual Presentation
This work investigates the redesign and implementation of a elementary science methods course intended to increase student Scientific Literacy through explicit instruction in the Nature of Science.

M.R. de Villiers (South Africa)
Foundation for Structure: A Learning-Theory Approach to Instructional Design for e-Learning - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper posits that the development of e-learning systems should be based on a sound foundation of learning-theory.

Suzanne deLong (United States)
The Supremacy of the Book - 30 min Conference Paper
Discusses pros and cons of electronic vs. print resources.

marion drew (South Africa) kathleen wemmer (South Africa)
Hands-on Ears: Learning about Hearing through Seeing and Moving - 60 min Workshop
The workshop will explore hands- on with participants a particular engagement in multi-modal teaching and learning with medically-orientated course material at tertiary level education.

Josta van Rij-Heyligers (New Zealand)
Writing back and Talking back: Supporting International Students’ Dynamic Voices in Academic Settings - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper highlights some of the problems and struggles that particularly international students face when studying in a New Zealand university, and discusses the academic language and learning services available to them. The author employs Pennycook’s theory (1994) that English language teaching, and thus also EAP support, is not a neutral activity rather it takes place in a social, cultural and political arena in which different values compete and, therefore, EAP instructors are not mere technicians, nor their students passive knowledge takers. The pedagogical implications of viewing teaching and language use in such a light will be discussed, and examples from practice given.

kathleen wemmer (South Africa) marion drew (South Africa)
Designing Think Trails: Using the Multiliteracies Pedagogy to Reshape Academic Knowledge into Clinical Competence - 30 min Conference Paper
This paper explores a specific application of the Multiliteracies pedagogical framework to the teaching of a medically orientated course in a tertiary level institution.