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The Learning Conference 2003

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Presentation Details


New Policy in Teaching Mathematics and Science in Malaysian Secondary Schools: How it contributes to Teachers’ Stress

Habibah Elias, Zaidatol Akmaliah Lope Pihie.

In view of the crucial role of English as the medium of communication in the era of globalization, the government of Malaysia has introduced a new policy recently regarding the use of English as a medium of instruction in the teaching of mathematics and science. All major examinations at the primary, secondary and upper secondary will be in the English language in the future. This involves a major change in policy as English has been taught as a second language over three decades ago. In its first year of implementation, it is expected that teachers and students will have to make major adjustments in the teaching and learning process. A study was conducted by selecting a convenience sample of 100 teachers from two states in Malaysia who are teaching mathematics and science using English as the medium of instruction. Data were collected using open ended questionnaire. The objective of the study was to identify the level of stress experienced by teachers and the factors which contribute to teachers' stress. The data were analysed qualitatively using the phenomenological approach. Findings indicated at least there were five main factors which contribute to teachers' stress, namely teachers' incompetency in English language and the use of computers in teaching, students' level of acceptance, management of time and facilities for teaching and close supervision by authorized personnel. The implications of the findings will be discussed for improving teaching and learning


Habibah Elias  (Malaysia)

Zaidatol Akmaliah Lope Pihie

  • Stress
  • New Policy
  • Teaching and Learning
  • Mathematics
  • Science.
Person as Subject
  • Teachers

(30 min Conference Paper, English)