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The Learning Conference 2003

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Presentation Details


Teachers’ Reactions Towards Teacher Appraisal

Mohammad Sani Bin Ibrahim.

The notion of a general push for accountability and professionalism has initiated appraisal schemes in many professions, including the teaching profession. A teacher appraisal scheme, incorporated in the New Remunerations Scheme for Public Service servants has been practiced in Malaysia since 1992 for all the public school teachers and lecturers in teacher training colleges and universities. A national survey was conducted among teachers to assess their level of acceptance of the existing teacher appraisal scheme and to suggest certain criteria and mode of appraisal which is most suitable for teachers. The study was conducted by using a questionnaire administered to 1000 secondary school teachers in Malaysia. The data obtained was analyzed by using SPSS PC 11.0 for Windows. Descriptive statistics were used to obtain the frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations, while a one-way ANOVA was applied to see whether there is any significant difference in the teachers’ reactions from different zones in Malaysia. Inferential statistical analysis of Pearson coefficient correlation had been adopted to see whether there are any relationship among the different variables used. The major findings of this study are (a) a majority of the respondents accept the teacher appraisal criteria that had been used in the Teacher Appraisal form, (b) a majority of the respondents do not agree the way the appraisal had been implemented, (c) most of the teachers viewed that the Teacher Appraisal scheme need to be reviewed. Out of six hypothesis that had been formulated in this study, three of them had been rejected. There was no relationship between teachers’ reactions towards various aspects that would improve the effectiveness of the teacher appraisal. The research findings had assisted the researcher to suggest the most suitable appraisal criteria to assess teachers’ performance. A Biennial Cycle which includes the components in the Appraisal Process was formulated with the view to improve the existing teacher appraisal and to ensure that this appraisal scheme would be more systematic and should be done solely for teacher professional development.


Mohammad Sani Bin Ibrahim  (Malaysia)
Head of Educational Administration Department
National University of Malaysia

Dr. Mohammed Sani is a lecturer at the Faculty of Education, National University of Malaysia. Prior to this, he was a Principal Assistant Director of the Teacher Education Division, Ministry of Education of Malaysia. He has written more than 800 articles on educational management, teacher education and educational planning. He has presented papers in conferences at the national and international levels. He had studied at the University of London, University of Harvard and local universities.

  • Teacher Appraisal

(30 min Conference Paper, English)