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The Learning Conference 2003

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Presentation Details


The Early Literacy Skills of Australian Indigenous Children as Measured by the Performance Indicators in Primary Schools (PIPS) Instrument: Measurement of the Early Literacy Skills of Australian Indigenous Children

John R Godfrey.

This paper examines the “Performance Indicators in Primary Schools” (PIPS) test as a reliable and cohesive instrument to assess early literacy skills among Australian Indigenous children. The process includes the examination of the reliability of the PIPS test using the Split–half method with Pearson’s r correlation co-efficient and the Spearman- Brown correction. Also various item sub-groups are correlated with other sub-groups to determine the overall cohesiveness of the instrument. Individual items are examined to ascertain their discrimination indices and their item difficulty levels. These analyses reveal that revisions are necessary to some of the items and item sub-groups of the PIPS instrument to improve its suitability to assess early literacy skills among Indigenous children.

The paper discusses the progress in early literacy skills of a sample of over 200 Australian Indigenous children as indicated by the PIPS instrument.


John R Godfrey  (Australia)
Senior Lecturer
School of Education
Edith Cowan University

  • Australian Indigenous Education
  • Indigenous Literacy
  • Measurement of Indigenous Literacy

(30 min Conference Paper, English)