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The Learning Conference 2003

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Presentation Details


A Multimedia Based Tutoring System (MEL) to Motivate Literacy: Towards the Creation of an Information Society in Malaysia

Prof. Dr Halimah Zaman, Prof. Dr Tengku Sembok, Assoc. Prof. Dr Norhayati Abdul Mukti.

Until the summer 1997 when the Asian region was affected by an economic crisis, Malaysia had been experiencing, for eight years, a steady GDP growth of 8.5%. However, it is expected that the next few years will again see a steady growth, of between 4-6%. Malaysia is certainly developing very fast and aspires to become a fully industrialized nation by the year 2020. By then it is hoped that Malaysia will have become fully developed not only economically, but also politically, socially, spiritually, psychologically and culturally. Malaysia’s aspirations, which were voiced by the Prime Minister, Dr Mahathir Mohamad in his inaugural speech at the Malaysian Business Council on 28 February 1991, now popularly known as Vision 2020, are to become a fully industrialized, and educated nation consisting of a well-informed and highly skilled populace. If Malaysia is to become a truly educated, informed and skilled society there will need to be a conscious effort made by the whole nation to help provide the necessary infrastructure and ‘education’ for a holistic approach to all human activities in the society. To achieve this goal Malaysia has to ensure that its people are fully literate and that the country has achieved a literacy rate of 100%. Today with a population of about 20 million, Malaysia has been shown, by a recent study, to have a 95% literacy rate. Various efforts have been made, one of which is the effort undertaken by the Multimedia in Education Research Group in UKM through the Intensified Research on Priority Areas (IRPA). This paper attempts to highlight the conceptual model of MEL (Multimedia in Education for Literacy), a multimedia based tutoring program based on language learning and pedagogical approaches suitable for the learning and teaching of literacy and reading. The Program is divided into three levels: Level 1 suitable for children between the ages 4-5 years old; Level 2 suitable for children between the ages 6-7 and Level 3 suitable for Children between the ages 8-9 years old. The system in the package consists of four main modules : 'Cerita' or Story Module, 'Aktiviti Lanjutan 1' or Related Activities 1 Module, 'Aktiviti Lanjutan 2' or Related Activities 2 Module, and the 'Aktiviti Kreatif' or Creative Activity Module. The key modules as well as the design and development approaches of this multimedia based tutoring system have been designed to motivate literacy through a unique program. This program sponsored by the IRPA (Intensifying Research in Priority Areas) Grant of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment began in 1998 and expected to complete in June 2001. This program is designed to provide a dynamic and flexible teaching and learning module in the vernacular language suitable for individualized and self-paced learning. This program won the Creative and Design Award 1999. It is hoped that this tutoring system for motivating literacy will be beneficial to beginning, emergent and reluctant readers alike and serve as a framework for future development of a multimedia tutoring system for motivating literacy.


Prof. Dr Halimah Zaman  (Malaysia)
Deputy Dean
Faculty of Information Science and Technology
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Presently professor in Multimedia in Education and Deputy Dean at the Faculty of Information Science and Technology

Prof. Dr Tengku Sembok  (Malaysia)
Professor in Computer Science
Department of Information Science
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Professor Dr. Tengku Mohd Tengku Sembok has over twenty years experience in various fields of Information Technology and has managed numerous R&D and consultancy projects successfully. He obtained his B.Sc.(Hons) in Computer Science from Brighton Polytechnic in 1977, MS from Iowa University in 1981, and PhD from Glasgow University in 1989. He is currently holding a chair of professor in Computer Science in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and has held several academic posts, among them are Head of Computer Science Department and the Dean of Faculty of Information Science and Technology. Prior joining UKM he was with Malaysian Rubber Institute and Daresbury Nuclear Physics Laboratory (England) as a programmer, and Malaysian Prime Minister’s Department as a system analyst. He sits in various national committees on IT such as Terengganu State Steering Committee on IT, IRPA Steering Committee in Services Sector (MOSTE), and Curriculum Development Committee for Computing Subject (Malaysia Examination Council). Professor Tengku Mohd has involved in MSC Smart School Flagship Application as Project Director in the development of Mathematics courseware for secondary schools. His current research areas are in intelligent information system, information retrieval, multimedia courseware, and knowledge management. He has published over eighty articles in these areas.

Assoc. Prof. Dr Norhayati Abdul Mukti  (Malaysia)
Lecturer in IT/Multimedia
Faculty of Technology and Information Science
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Norhayati Abd. Mukti is an associate professor in the information science department at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. She received her PhD in IT/Multimedia from Michigan State University, USA. Her research interests includes Computer in Education, ESD ,and IT/Multimedia.

  • Multimedia Tutoring Tools
  • Self-paced Learning
  • Whole Language Philosophy

(30 min Conference Paper, English)