Attention: This site looks better in the latest Mozilla or Internet Explorer.

The Learning Conference 2003

Home | Newsletter | Call for Papers | Register

Presentation Details

 

The Instructional Design of Educational Television Programs: Grounding Design in Cognitivist and Constructivist Theories of Learning and Models of Instruction

Francine Shuchat Shaw.


The preoccupation among educational technologists with the design of computer-based multimedia and telecommunications seems to have supplanted serious, theoretically-grounded attention to the design and use of educational television. In particular, disciplined examination of implications and contributions of cognitivist and constructivist conceptions of learning and instruction for the design and use of educational television is scant. Indeed, the instructional design of both "linear" educational television programs and video sequences increasingly integral to "non-linear" educational computer-based environments has benefited far too little from maturing cognitivist and constructivist theories of learning and models of instruction.

This paper begins by introducing an instructional design model, including a comprehensive "problem analysis phase" and "problem solution phase," with two distinct features; it is both particular to the development of educational television programs and video sequences for integration into computer-based environments, and it scaffolds the difficult process of using theories of learning and models of instruction, appropriate to the problem analysis, to guide instructional design in the problem solution phase. The second half of this paper examines potential implications, for the instructional design of educational television in linear forms and non-linear environments, of (1) such theories of learning as situated cognition, episodic reasoning, social learning theory, schema theory, generative learning, and problem solving and (2) such models of instruction as cognitive apprenticeship, anchored instruction, problem-based learning, and case-based instruction. Previous efforts or this sort will be reviewed, elaborated, and extended in new directions.

Presenters

Francine Shuchat Shaw  (United States)
Associate Professor
Program in Educational Communication and Technology, The Steinhardt School of Education
New York University

Dr. Francine Shuchat Shaw has been a member of the faculty of the Program in Educational Communication and Technology at New York University since 1976, serving as Program Director 1986-1998 and now as Coordinator of the Master of Arts Program. Her research interests include the instructional design of media environments, learning theory, and the history of instructional technology. She earned her Ph.D. at The Ohio State University in Humanities Education.

Keywords
  • Educational Television
  • Instructional Design
  • Cognitivist Theories of Learning and Models of Instruction
  • Constructivist Theories of Learning and Models of Instruction



(30 min Conference Paper, English)