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The Learning Conference 2003

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Presentation Details


Finding the Missing Link in Teacher Education: Applications of Multiple Intelligence the to Assessment Strategies

Fred R. Savitz.

What do I want my students to know? How do I want them to know it? How will I know that they do? These are the kinds of questions posed to preservice teachers in social studies instructional methods classes that set the scene for linking Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence to Benjamin Bloom's hierarchy of learning.

This paper demonstrates how an application of Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence (Frames of Mind, 1983) enables preservice social studies education majors to produce alternative assessment strategies in alignment with Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (1956) and with academic standards of The National Council for the Social Studies.

An overview of scheme theory and constructivism establishes the integrating context within which the application of Gardner to Bloom is addressed. Specifically, Gardner's theory represents the foundation of an assessment paradigm upon which Bloom's learning skills hierarchy builds. The paradigm illustrates the contemporary relevance of the domains of learning delineated in Bloom's Taxonomy when associated with the preparation of alternative assessment strategies. Recommendations about transforming alternative assessment strategies into classroom norms conclude the paper.


Fred R. Savitz  (United States)
Professor of Education
Division of Education and Human Services
Neumann College

Professor of Education, teaching courses in Educational Psychology, Social Studies Methods, and Pedagogy of Cognition. Doctor of Education, Curriculum and Instruction, Temple University, USA. Author and presenter of works on innovative approaches to learning and assessing in higher education. Recipient of the 2002 Lindback Award for Distinguished Teaching.

  • Teacher education
  • Multiple Intelligence theory
  • Assessment strategies
Person as Subject
  • Gardner, Howard Bloom, Benjamin

(Virtual Presentation, English)