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The Learning Conference 2003

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Presentation Details


An Investigation into Business Educators' Perception of the Importance of Resources used in Self-directed Learning

Fredrick Muyia Nafukho, Dr Ok D Park.

The primary purpose of this research was to determine business educators' perceptions of the significance of resources used in self-directed learning. The target population comprised of business educators in North West Arkansas. Forty two business educators completed the questionnaire for business educators on the use of learning resources and self-directed learning. The resources are described and used to determine if they explained a significant proportion of the variance in self-directed learning among business educators. The results of this study show that attitude toward technology, gender and help seeking explain variance in the business educators' perceptions of their use of self learning resources. It is recommended that business educators should use other self-learning resources such as the Internet, professional colleagues, professional organizations, mentoring, and observations. Metacognition as a process of learning should be encouraged among the business educators and the learners as a way of promoting self-directed learning.


Fredrick Muyia Nafukho  (United States)
Assistant Professor
College of Education & Health Professions
University of Arkansas

Fredrick M. Nafukho joined University of Arkansas in September 2001 in the area of Business Education, department of Vocational and Adult Education as an Assistant Professor. He teaches courses in the areas of Business Education, Human Resource Development, Statistics, and Research.
Prior to joining University of Arkansas, he was Head, Department of Educational Administration and Planning at Moi University, Kenya. He obtained B.Ed (arts) degree in Business Education and Economics in 1988 and an M.Ed (Economics) in 1993 both from Kenyatta University, Kenya. In 1998 he obtained a doctorate degree in Vocational Education from Louisiana State University, School of Human Resource Education and Workforce Development. He has published in Journal of Small Business Management, Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education, Journal of Third World Studies, Journal of Eastern African Research and Development, and Maseno Journal of Education Science and Arts. He is a reviewer with Human Resource Development International, Journal of East African Research and Development and Human Resource Development Quarterly. He has presented over 1oo papers at regional, national, and international conferences.

Dr Ok D Park  (United States)
Coordinator, Graduate Studies
College of Education/Health Professions
University of Arkansas

Dr. Ok D. Park, Associate Professor in the Department of Rehabilitation, Human Resources, and Communication Disorders, has been with the University of Arkansas since 1980. His areas of expertise are in computer technology, teaching methods, and business education. He received his Bachelor’s degree from Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, a Master’s degree from Truman State University, Kirksville, Missouri, and a Doctor of Philosophy degree from University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri. He taught business education at Eastern New Mexico University before coming to Arkansas. He teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in Business Education, Vocational Education, and Educational Technology. He has published a book, many journal articles and papers, and presented over 100 papers at local, state, regional, national, and international conferences.

  • Business Educators

(30 min Conference Paper, English)