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The Learning Conference 2003

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Presentation Details


Complementarity Principle: Foundation of Cultural Diversity

SC Goswami.

The Principle of Complementarity, emerging from quantum physics, was introduced by the Danish Physicist Niels Bohr in 1927 to explain the apparently contradictory phenomenon, viz., the wave-particle duality, scientists were faced with, in the physical world. The fundamental feature of the Principle is the joining together, in a creative synthesis, of contradictory concepts. The all-embracing approach of complementarity raises
the hope that diverse cultural traditions may learn to live together and combine different human endeavours into new kind of balance between thought and deed, between activity and meditation. Complementarity approach to problems of life would favour an attitude of tolerance for opposite view and thereby contribute towards peace and harmony in the world. Niels Bohr fervently hoped that one day the Complementarity Principle would become an
integral part of everyone‚s education and provide guidance in meeting the problems and challenges of life


SC Goswami  (India)
Associate Professor
Dyal Singh College
University of Delhi

Dr. S.C.Goswami has been a teacher of Chemistry at Dyal Singh College, University of Delhi, India, since 1965. His inter-disciplinary research interest includes science, philosophy and education. He has published 16 papers and presented many at international conferences.

  • Complementary principle
  • Cultural diversity

(30 min Conference Paper, English)