Papers & Workshops



  Educational Disadvantage and Opportunity in Nursing and the Impact of Innovative Education in the Workplace: A Study of Job Satisfaction, Occupational Stress and Opportunities Afforded through Education among Second Level (Enrolled) Nurses.


Dr. Judith Tyler

Senior Lecturer, Centre for Applied Research in Education/School of Health, University of East Anglia, England


This 4-stage study conducted over three years uses action-research to explore complex relationships between job-satisfaction, occupational stress and career opportunities for an educationally disadvantaged sub group within nursing. The action research cycle adopts an eclectic approach, utilising qualitative and quantitative methodologies from associated disciplines (psychology, sociology, education and nursing).

Demographic data, obtained in phase 1, incorporates satisfaction measurement, a validated stress-scale (Fletcher 1990) and assessment of existing educational opportunities. While their role in direct care provides job-satisfaction for this group, poor career and educational opportunities are significantly associated with stress. A comparative sample of 1st level nurses in phase 2 demonstrates similarities and key differences. Participant activity occurs in phase 3: enrolled nurses interpreting the data which they generated, determining and instigating appropriate action. The 4th (evaluative) phase uses semi-structured interviews to access their experiences after two years. The results extend existing knowledge about a disadvantaged group within nursing, providing evidence of their developing empowerment through education, awareness-raising and research participation.

Fletcher B (C) 1990 The Cultural Audit: an individual and organisational tool: Cambridge Policy Studies Institute Publications: Cambridge: England

  Presentation Format: 45 min. paper

RMIT, Melbourne, Australia

5-9 July 2000